The fundamental difference between the two is that Plato approaches reality through rational inquiry and regards love as mediator between the two worlds. Its goal is to find truth, which is objective, impersonal and outside the human soul, only to be looked and admired like a perfect piece of “art”. While as Rumi’s idea of love is irrational. In Rumi love and reason are contradictory. Reason for Rumi is light and a guide, but love is the goal.
For existentialist philosophers, though classified under the same school, still have major differences in their ideologies, yet not contradictory to the existentialist movement. An underlying property of existentialism is its acknowledgement of man’s freedom. There are key terms also in existentialism, which helps in the description of the movement. These concepts are concept of facticity, authenticity, alienation, angst, nothingness and absurdity. Existentialism maybe a response to the on problem of technology.
However, the good will may depend on outside factors to bring about good in a person. Thus, I argue if Kant’s theory were true, it would be very difficult to be a good person as utilitarianism do not allow for acts that go beyond duty. Kant’s argument suggests that good will is the only thing good without qualification. First, Kant begins to distinguish between things that are good without qualification and things that are good only under certain qualified conditions. For example, gifts of nature such as understanding, wit, and judgement, or gifts of fortune such as power, riches,
Plato describes that knowledge is possible, but is instilled in our reason. He contradicts the view of epistemology and says that our senses and experiences do not provided enough reason to be considered knowledge. Lawhead deplics Plato as being, “a typical rationalist who thought that ultimate knowledge must be objective, unchanging and universal”.(194). When it comes to the second epistemological question, rationalist believe that reason alone is the only way to find true knowledge. Lawhead uses the example of mathematics and logic to describe that we come to conclusions by means of reason.(192).
Plato had views to how to live a good life should be, towards what end the individual should act in accordance with their ideas of good life. Furthermore he thought of the world in a more theoretical insightful way theory of forms. Plato believed that a soul transmigrated until it was able to free itself from physical form and returned to the a realm without form. Plato also taught that true knowledge came from the soul and reason which would make him a rationalist and he believed that things like beauty and good in the physical world were glimmers of reality. Aristotle theory of forms with its two separate realms failed to explain what it was meant to explain.
The maxims in character-level interaction and implicatures are similar to the maxims applied in real-life conversation. The difference is readers could reach better implicatures than characters, since readers could have more information. As for the maxim of quantity on narrator-to-reader level, it is hard to determine which level of information should be considered as sufficient. Yet readers are disposed to think all the details are relevant and tend to interpret them in a meaningful way. And the repetitive narration of a same incident may suggest the narrator share the same interpretation with a character, which makes this interpretation more convincible.
“Knowledge of how represent a real-life physical situation in symbolic way is truly remarkable achievement of the human mind.” (Danesi, 2004:33) It allows elimination physical invention of symbol through representation of the real world to its meanings. Symbol is used to represent the whole situation on conventional practices. Apparently, symbolism became an important part for some cases like religious, nationality, science, and language is everywhere. For the people, this is going to be a shorthand system for recording and recalling information. So, in this research, to identify the symbol it will go through the intrinsic elements such as characters and settings that could produce one meaning as represents whole
Plato also discusses that when we have an idea it 's not the idea rather than “what is”. What he means by that is our idea is ours and can 't replicate the perfect idea in physical form. Plato also goes by “the divided line”,
Different from consequentialism, people who tend to have the mind set of a deontologist believe that you should do your ethical duty, regardless of the outcome. Immanuel Kant designed ‘The Categorical Imperative’ theory which was associated with the fact that it was commanding us to practice our morals and desires in a specific way which was exercised through two rules. Kamm (2000) claims that these components were to ‘(1) treat persons as ends in themselves and (2) do not treat them as mere means’. Kamm is basically suggesting that we seek happiness of others, as that is morally right, however fulfill capacities of one’s own intellect. From following both of these we arrive at an imperative and it is categorical.
Platonism, rendered as a proper noun, is the philosophy of Plato or the name of other philosophical systems considered closely derived from it. In narrower usage, Platonism, rendered as a common noun (with a lower case ‘p’, subject to sentence case), refers to the philosophy that affirms the existence of abstract objects, which are asserted to “exist” in a “third realm” distinct both from the sensible external world and from the internal world of consciousness. Platonism is the view that there exist such things as abstract objects, where an abstract object is an object that does not exist in space or time and which is therefore entirely non-physical and non-mental. Platonism in this sense is a contemporary view . Platonism was originally expressed
Philosophy in general relies on rational inquiry, logic, the theory of deductive and inductive arguments and aims to distinguish good from bad reasoning and speculations; opinions or reasoning based on incomplete information, it is also concerned with the blending of two disciplines; Science that which is provable and rational, and mystical, having a divine meaning that is beyond human understanding. Distinguishing between these two has been somewhat of a challenge, today we live in a society reason (science), and logos (reason) is the pragmatic mode ( a state of dealing with the problems that exist in a specific situation in a reasonable and logical way instead of depending on ideas and theories), of thought that enables one to function effectively in the world. People have and will always need logos to make sense of life.
It is the wiccan/pagan law Do not harm none including yourself. You should be careful what you do. The Rede is intended to guide us in our decisions so that we cause the least amount of harm possible and it tells us what is completely permissible. it is necessary to our survival. So, we weigh it against the Rede.