A common belief of many people throughout the world, specifically America, is that a woman is only a woman if she can bear children. As exemplified by Trans Justice in the following excerpt, “transphobic violence is justified using medical theories and religious beliefs, and is perpetuated in order to preserve US heterosexist values” (TransJustice 228) The theory that only persons who are biologically female can be a woman is a violence against trans women, which is perpetuated daily within the American societal norm of the gender
A trans man named Chaz Bono once said “When I realized I was transgender I was so afraid of what my transition would do to everyone else in my life and how they would react to it and would I be rejected” (Hernandez, 2014). This quote is a perfect way to show to the world how trans men and women feel due to institutions making them believe they should not be who they are. In this paper, we will go over how the textbook theorizes institutional discrimination and violence, how Saffin showcases discrimination and violence against trans people of color as both intersectional and institutional, and explain how institutional discrimination and violence are showcased in education. The textbook states that discrimination is “maintained through complex sets of social institutions that interacts with, structure and influences individuals beliefs and prejudices” (DeFrancisco & Palczewski, 2014, p. 133).
Boylan, J. F. (2015, August 22). Trans Deaths, White Privilege. New York Times, p. A17(L). Retrieved from http://ic.galegroup.com/ic/ovic/NewsDetailsPage/NewsDetailsWindow?failOverType=&query=&prodId=OVIC&windowstate=normal&contentModules=&display-query=&mode=view&displayGroupName=News&limiter=&currPage=&disableHighlighting=false&displayGroups=&sortBy=&search_within_results=&p=OVIC&action=e&catId=&activityType=&scanId=&documentId=GALE%7CA426241835&source=Bookmark&u=iuclassb&jsid=1d8a7dc3533db07cb1d63eece9a1d7f2 When the male transgender to the female, Jennifer realize that white privilege and male privilege exist.
The LGBTQ community is one that faces an ongoing storm of stereotyping and stigmas and the media is no relief from it. One major factor in this is the common trope of the violent and aggressive transgender woman, which is often shown through
The Stonewall Riots are said to mark the beginning of the modern LGBT rights movement, and it was largely initiated by transgender women of color. Over the next few decades, legislation would be enacted to aid the cause for equality. By 1977, trans athletes could play on the teams of their gender identities, and by 1993 anti-discrimination laws were extended to transpeople in Minnesota. In the 21st century alone, transpeople were getting invited to the White House, playing in college sports, and serving as judges, all without having to hide who they were (“Milestones in the American Transgender Movement”). Hardships are still all too common, unfortunately, but much progress has been made nonetheless, and the fight continues to this
INTRODUCTION Did you know that LGBTQ youth are twice as likely as their peers to be kicked, shoved, and physically assaulted? On top of that, 92% of LGBTQ youth hear negative messages about having a different sexuality. They feel unsafe and are physically harmed. This happens to people all over the world, and as horrible as it is, many, many people suffer from it every single day of their lives! I want to bring this to light and tell you about what LGBTQ people have been subjected to throughout time, and what they have to deal with on a day to day basis.
Hate crimes are fairly hard to identify unless the suspects are gang related or patterns of behavior and threats have been an issue in the past based on gender, race, etc. (Walker, S., & Katz, C. 2013) Lately there have been many movies and documentaries based on hate crimes against a person’s sexual orientation and race. One movie in particular has been showed in schools and other places to spread awareness is “Boys don’t Cry.” In this movie there is a young female who does not quite feel right in the body she was born with. She had to move frequently because people find out “He is really a she” and cause a lot of problems and threaten her on a daily basis.
People once used to enslaved people and abused people who simply had different skin tones; they were not conceived as human under the law. Now as history has shown us, that wasn’t justice. In every civil rights conflict we are only able to recognize the just point of view years after the fact and when the next conflict comes along we are blind once again. (Amanda) As I’m writing down this paper we are repeating history once in for all. LGBT communities are just HUMANS who are
Breaking the Barriers What is identity? How are identities formed? How much control does one have in molding their identity? Identity is the impression that one exhibits to the world. Principally, identity distinguishes a person by their qualities, beliefs, history and etc.
In A Separate Peace, the main character Gene goes through an identity crisis. An identity crisis is a physical or emotional state, where a person has trouble truly finding themselves, who she or he may be, what their role is in society and what meaning it has in the eyes of society. Also, it may be referred to by psychology as “a period of uncertainty and confusion in which a person's sense of identity becomes insecure, typically due to a change in their expected aims or role in society.” This makes sense because Gene as a new student and even though it seems like he is the smartest student in the whole school, he feels like he is constantly competing with himself and Phineas strives to be the best that he can be. A certain points in time for
Each individual in the world develops his or her particular identity. However, we don't shape our identity by ourselves, there are many different ways we can discover who we are and what we want to become in the future. Our background, family, and name have an impact on how we see ourselves and how we are judged by the society. In my country, Mali, your family name can define your personality and your origins. I couldn't believe that a simple name is enough to discover one's identity until I go to my native country in 2015. I met a man with whom I exchanged for a couple of hours, he asked me about my name I replied Diaby and I mentioned that I was living in Congo with my family. It seemed like he knew everything about me because of the name
Collin further explains how she does not deny that any certain groups did not face oppression that is worse than another, as “lynching is certainly objectively worse than being held up as a sex object” (p. 455, Collins). She is simply arguing that we need to reconstruct our views on oppression, and focus on replacing judgements with new ways of thinking and acting. In the case of North Carolina and Mississippi and these laws which disregard gender identity and focus on sex, a new way of thinking about transgendered individuals is imperative to furthering understanding and lessening discriminatory practices and legislations. “Intersectionality” by Irene Browne and Joya Misra, is about the topic of intersectionality in our society and how it stands as a crucial concept when
Statistics from 2016 show that the ‘frequency of hate crimes in America are increasing as the frequency of regular crimes in America are decreasing’ (FBI 1). In this day and age minority groups are starting to become the target of the people who commit these crimes. Consequently the main minority groups such as (Asians, Hispanics, African Americans, Jewish people, LGBT, and others) have been pushing to have hate crime laws passed in order to protect them and others from violence. These laws that are specifically for this issue are
In 2009, the Hate Crime Protection Act was passed for the federal government to provide state and local authorities grants and assistance to investigate and charge individuals for hate crimes (Human Rights Campaign,a). The Hate Crime Prevention act include hate crimes involving sexual orientation and gender identity (Human Rights Campaign,a). However, violent hate crime continues to increase in the LGBTQ community (Kirst- Ashman, 2014). LGBTQ youth experience abuse and harassment from their peers, teachers, and parents about their sexual preference (Harper & Schneider, 2003). Research by Harper & Schneider (2003)
A criminal offense against a person or property motivated by a prejudice of race, sexuality, ethnicity, religion, gender, gender identity, or disability is defined as a hate crime. Imagine a person being killed in spite of the dislike for the color of the victim’s skin or their ethnicity. Or think about a criminal committing arson by setting a mosque on fire for the reason that they do not agree with the religious affiliations attached to the mosque. Both are clear examples of a hate crime, and hate crimes have been committed for hundreds of years dating back to, as Tom Strissguth (2003) identifies, 1649 (p. 104). Current hate crime laws that are in place have every good intention in mind to keep victims safe, but there are arguments from scholars