It wasn’t until Rwanda got independence in 1962 that this conflict escalated into violence and ultimately genocide. Rwanda’s population is made up of three ethnic groups the majority being Hutus which holds 85% of the populations, Tutsis 14% and the Twa 1%. The conflict of territory exists between the Hutus and the Tutsis whom both
Most important, this model allows for investigation of clients ' level of conformity and idealized identification with the dominant culture as well as their rejection of their own culture.”
Assignment 1: The Rwandan Genocide In the recent discussion of genocides, a controversial issue has been whether the Rwandan genocide was local or nation participation of citizens that contributed to the genocide. On the one hand, some would argue that macro (nation) level was a significant factor in the Rwandan genocide against Tutsis. From this perspective, the humanitarian community felt it was the government 's exclusionary ideology which, led to the mass killings of one million Tutsis residents. On the other hand, however, others argue that a micro level used by the (local) Hutu communities organized and played a vital role in these mass extermination of their fellow citizens.
Colonialism has been part of our sacred history since the beginning of the century and has stretched over the globe ever since. Most of the underdeveloped countries we see today has been somehow colonized by a European country, making them oppressed in a way that innocent lives are taken away forcefully. Comparatively, colonialism is a form of oppression. Ashley Crossman (2017) in “What Sociology Can Teach Us about Oppression” states that “Social Oppression is a concept that describes a relationship of dominance and subordination between categories of people in which one benefits from the systematic abuse, exploitation, and injustice directed toward the others” (Para 1). Colonization is a source that only causes more harm than good in the world by the idea of stripping, lower nations of their precious
Consequently, ethnic conflict arises among rational agents over scarce resources driven by the aims of political leaders for political or economic gains or a deliberate manipulation based on a rational decision to incite or encourage ethnic violence. Ethnic conflict is therefore the result of actor’s rational activity of widespread interest such as prosperity, power and security.5 c. Constructivism (If plagiarism matters, change the content as required) The constructivist theory perceives ethnic identity as a socially constructed and fluid entity that can be formed through various means including conquest, colonization or immigration. Ethnic groups are recognized to be social constructions with ‘identifiable origins and histories of expansion and contraction, amalgamation and division’.
Power and authority were emphasised persistently in the Tutsi culture. This caused great tension amongst the tribes. Rwanda became a feudal kingdom which was ruled by the Tutsi tribe. The Tutsi made themselves Chiefs made the Hutu workers rather
This is important in the process of making accusations about the relationships between existing groups. Anthropologists, are much more interested in ethnicity as a historically and politically situated set of identity practices, rather than as a state of natural or predictable resemblance between physicality, behaviors, and attitudes. Identification justifies the cultural differences not from the materialistic differences but how they affect the social aspects. People will highlight the differences when they become socially relevant even when the accusations are
Introduction Views of ethnicity and ethnic boundaries in the sociological literature can be broadly divided into two categories. On the one hand, scholars like Weber ( 1968) focus on the essential characteristics of ethnicity and a set of subjective “beliefs,” collective understandings of a common ancestry and shared culture (385, 389). On the other hand, another category of ethnic boundaries derive from the work of social anthropologists such as Fredrik Barth (1969) who theorizes that ethnic divisions are about maintaining boundaries irrespective of cultural differences. The variability in the affirmation of ethnic identity may be dependent upon social settings or situations and relevant to an actor’s perception of that situation. In this sense, ethnic identity is “situational” that “is premised on the observation that particular contexts may determine which of a person’s identities or loyalties are appropriate at a point in time.”
A nation state is a group of people who share common bonds and live within a geographical territory under a system of government (S4 Integrated Humanities, 2016). The government of a nation state should provide for its people in the best possible way. Diversity refers to recognizing that each individual is unique, with their own differences, be it their race, ethnicity, religious beliefs or ideologies. When there is diversity in a nation state, there is bound to be disagreements, since different groups of people will have different opinions with others, which may escalate into conflict. A multiculturalist perspective should be attained by a nation in order to deal with cultural and ethnic diversity.
The obsession of power pushes the European nations to cross mortal boundaries. In the nineteenth century, European States, namely being England, France, the Netherlands, Belgium, and Germany, scrambled to form colonial empires and maintain and build their power. Through the expenditure, there were both pros and cons experienced along with it. From colonization, nations obtained power, wealth, and extra raw materials; however, conflict arose as well as the dehumanization of the natives when they were forced to work for the European nations. These nations felt superior and therefore, through primal instinct, they corrupted the new colonies and spread their evil throughout it.
What is a genocide? A genocide is a prejudiced act upon people who feel they are better than others. A genocide is wrong. What I have stated is the key facts in both The Cambodian Genocide and The Holocaust. I also discussed the definitions of genocide and how they are different.
Regardless of the concrete physical and sometimes physical roots tied to specific ethnic identities, it is very important understand that race and ethnicity are also ideologies, or methods for seeing and understanding the globe around us. Race as well as ethnicity, are therefore imbued with meaning. They not just get used as descriptors, but also
These steps are classification, symbolization, dehumanization, organization, polarization, preparation, extermination, and denial. For one to be able to prevent any future acts of genocide, they have to attack and interfere with each process. The first step is classification. Classification is defined as the separation of the social and natural world into categories. In this step, the oppressors acknowledge the race and culture of the group and treat them differently.
Throughout the article, Alafif paires each identity formation with a time period in Sudan’s history. First, Alafif discusses how the “Sudanic” identity emerges from the Dar Fur sultanate. The Dar Fur sultanate, 1600-1916, created both elements of the Arab and African identities. This was due to the fact that identity was grounded in kinship. This identity was also influenced by the violence that the power employed to control the people they absorbed as they conquered other states.