Ideological Domination In China

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The People’s Republic of China was established in 1949 by the Chinese Communist Party (CCP). After the reform and opening policy was issued in 1978, China has now became the world’s second largest economy. Though it still declares itself a socialist country, China is generally regarded as an authoritarian or totalitarian capitalist country led by the CCP(Witt, 2012). Supporters for late economic development theory, such as Hirschman, regard political order acquired through authoritarian ruling as critical in explaining developing countries’ rapid economic development. Thus, studying the main reason for China’s stability is of great significance in understanding China’s rapid economic growth. This paper will argue that “ideological domination”…show more content…
Policies were constantly issued in order to strengthen the ideological domination through the compulsory educational system, which serves to promote ideological domination in generally four ways: provoking belief towards the CCP’s core ideologies; instilling love and obedience towards the CCP;shaping students’ opinions on certain issue and emphasizing the great achievements the CCP has made. The influence of ideological domination through compulsory educational system is not merely limited to simply prevent rebellion from happening, but even mobilize people to consciously and forwardly help preserving the government. In the case of China, it can be regarded as a very important reason for China’s lack of rebellion after…show more content…
(2012).《当代中国大学生政治观现状调查》(“a research on Chinese undergraduates’ political view”). Retrieved from 《中国青年研究》: Li Zhengliang.《中国课》(Course on China).(Taiwan: Sunrise Press, 2012) 《毛泽东思想和中国特色社会主义理论体系概论》(Mao Zedong Thought and Socialism with Chinese Characteristics) (PRC: Higher Education Press,2009) Michael, A,Witt. China: Authoritarian Capitalism. (USA: Harvard University, Reischauer Institute,2012) Nishizaki Yoshinori. PS1101E/GEK1003, Lecture Slide (Ideological Domination), #28, 18 September 2014. 《思想政治 必修4 生活与哲学》(Ideology and Politics: Life and Philosophy) (PRC: People’s Education Press, 2008) 《思想政治 必修2 政治生活》 (Ideology and Politics: Political life) (PRC: People’s Education Press, 2008) The People’s Daily 《必须抵制资产阶级自由化的侵蚀——分析高校思想政治工作薄弱的一个要害》(“Must resist the influence of bourgeois liberalization“), July 28 1989. Reporters without Boundaries “World Press Freedom Index 2014”. Accessed 11 Nov 2014. Z. A. Jordan, The Evolution of Dialectical Materialism (London: Macmillan, 1967). Zhao Suisheng. A State-Led Nationalism: The Patriotic Education Campaign in Post-Tiananmen China (USA: Colby

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