Distribution is one the most controversial matter in Political Philosophy as far as Social Justice is concerned. In this essay, I will discuss about the capability approach as the plausible factor to consider when devising a distribution scheme. The capability approach takes a comprehensive or holistic approach which considers the abilities, functionings, opportunities, the being of an individual and other factors as well. The capability approach is a theoretical framework that involves two central normative claims that the freedom to attain well-being is of fundamental moral importance; and it needs to be understood in terms of people's capabilities, that is, their actual opportunities to do and be what they value and have reason to sustain
It is essential to understanding the social constructivist theory that you understand Gergen’s view of the subject. Gergen supports a form of social constructivism referred to as social constructionism. This theory is very similar to the social constructivist theory on how people create knowledge One problem that Gergen identifies is the problem of knowing other minds (1995). This is essential to his theory, because like social constructivism, social constructionism requires two separate actors. Gergen (1995) suggest, “that the contents of these minds are expressed in words and actions, how are we to determine what internal states these words and actions are attempting to express?
The general attributional approach recognizes that humans try to make sense of their surroundings and themselves and that this sense-making activity is an important part of the social phenomena under asking questions and trying to find the truth. Attribution theories, very differently, are theories of more clearly stated or related. Even though explanations and feature guesses (trait) based on what you 've been told are occasionally related, they are clear/separate in many ways. Most theorist sort out explanations of success or failure using polarities of three characteristics that can help define personality: locus of control, stability and Controllability
Who we are and what we do matters, not just to us but to the people around us. In the articles presented within this essay the salience of understanding is exemplified through a common topic. Comprehension is crucial to coexisting, as well as appreciating our roots, motives and purpose. Failure to remain enlightened results in difficulties, such as diminishing social awareness and social issues. Cultural appropriation is the usage of cultural components in which its basis becomes distorted.
Culturally competent service providers are aware of how their own cultural backgrounds, experiences, attitudes, values, and biases influence psychological processes. Although cultural competence is presented as a progressive and positive force for the challenge racism and discrimination There are a few obstacles that make it difficult to implement and in fact, achieved for the social worker and employers. Critique of cultural competence Critiqued that cultural competence for being unreachable. Critiqued that Could be privileging group characteristics over individuality – opens for stereotyping.
If all of the aforementioned are considered and emplaced, it will be noticed that education is in itself sufficient. Thus, an ideal education model will be one that places education where due; it sees education as what it is. Consequently, an ideal higher education model is one that places emphasis on the importance of higher education. It equips its seekers with problem analysis and solving skill and the knowledge to better
In our society the way we perceive things is at times considered more defining than how we actually are; hence the importance of how we construct our labels and who defines them. Not only do these labels affect how others see us but also they influence how we view ourselves. They can be beneficial in how we construct our self-identity, but damaging when inaccurately applied. There are many ways in which to define people, but a crucial one is the way we define deviance, which more often than not boils down to whether or not someone is a part of a society. With this in mind it is important to recognize that what may be considered deviant to some is acceptable to others; for those in power are the ones defining deviance, at times to their own advantage.
An ideology that combines all and provides relevance to the developmental needs of the people; is an instrument of society development ideology that is appropriate and sensitive to the peculiar needs of the people, therefore these ideologies might resolve the imbalances in societies (Giroux and McLaren 1989). 'Ideology', in simple words, can be defined as a set of beliefs, usually entertained at group levels. Ideology at group levels can be contrasted with individual opinions in a society. Ideology constructs the stereotypes that are legitimized and supported by certain social institutions. Thus, ideology that has the backing of powerful social institutions becomes dominant in a society and has the potential to capture the minds of marginalized
Capital-in-general as used by Bourdieu does indeed involve power, but it is a distinctive kind of power. It involves a set of different kinds of claims that can be made on the actions of others. For instance, social capital consists of claims to reciprocity and solidarity from particular others. What is fundamental to social capital, however, is that explicit claims are normally excluded from the performances within which they are made, so that the power over the actions of others is radically distinct from exercises of power utilizing the discourse and apparatus of command (Bourdieu 1986:241). Hence, this study relies on CMA to understand the power of culture on the connection between social structure and health behaviour regarding the prevention of diseases (Singer 1995:81; Morsy 1996 as quoted by Singer 2004:26).
Political ideology is a belief or understanding that is applied in a policy of a country. With the creation of the ideology adopted by individual, these ideologies have the primary goal is to make followers of the ideology run on a culture of understanding. The purpose of a political ideology that is the basis for opposition to power and provide the ground of legitimacy to the government, then becomes a means of communication between leaders and subordinates, besides the aim to provide guidance in choosing policy. According to Robert Eccleshall, Ideology can help to understand the social world. Ideology also explains how to realize the reality of social and political ideas that are arranged to be able to form a social organization.
One specific item that was brought to my attention from the article was the purpose of the liberal arts education, and the “requirements” as noted from an institution but interpreted in my understanding. It is competency in communication, using the modes of thought characteristic of the major areas of knowledge, a knowledge of our basic cultural heritage, and a thorough understanding of at least one subject area (Cronon, W., 1998). My interpretation of this would be agreeing on the importance/competency of communication, but emphasizing the knowledge of culture as it applies from a global perspective, critical thinking as it should be applied and accentuating the understanding of at least one subject area. After reading the article, my understanding of the meaning of a liberal arts education, is heightened by the learning outcomes and prominence of the breadth areas as they are applied to my knowledge and life
We communicate in many ways, either by email, telephone, text, face to face, social media or letters and the language we use allows us to get things done, nonetheless the language and communication method in which we chose to use can vary depending on the discourse community. Much like John Swales suggests a discourse community involves a group of people who share the same common public goals, such as shared interests, rules, structure, and vocabulary. When thinking about the several discourse communities I am evolved in, which include family, coaching football, college student, and a few friends. These discourse communities have influenced me, given me insight of where I come from and tell who I am as a person. I also believe much like Swales,
Something that has been prevalent in our society for the past few decades is the image of racism; whether it be through social media, films or magazines. Unfortunately, the images we have witnessed regarding racism are very negative. These images often show the group who is being the victim of this behavior too often be at fault; almost saying that because they are a certain color or from a certain culture that they are set up for failure based on their actions. This is the case in the movie “The Help”, where viewers watch black women become domestic workers for white women in the southern states during the civil rights movements. With the help of theorist Stuart Hall and Michael Omi and Howard Winant, this essay will intend to show that Hollywood
Ashley Collins Professor Kaufman CMN 102 10 November 2015 Ideological Analysis: Born Again Virgin In Mimi White’s scholarly piece titled, “Ideological Analysis and Television” she clearly identifies the reality of TV and she does this by explaining how the media has an effect on people’s mentality. Ideology is a belief system or a worldview of culture which is established by and for specific social groups.
Man’s Search for Purpose Throughout the world, each individual no matter how youthful or mature has developed an ideology in life. It is easy to be influenced by many intriguing ideologies. Every individual has a different outlook on the purpose of life, and trying to seek what life can bring can be difficult if you are alone or being targeted. Everyone has a burning desire to fulfill a life goal, but when we allow ourselves to be controlled by society, it becomes a difficult and stressful task to complete.