The concepts, oppositions, and hierarchies are constructed by power or social forces and, in turn, construct power. Discourses, serving specific interests, are conceived of ways of classifying and ordering by Foucault. Thus, it is the concepts, oppositions, and hierarchies which determine what is considered knowledge and truth or what is regarded normal and abnormal in a particular period. New Historicism employs Foucault’s technique of understanding a particular time’s episteme, i.e. the conventional mode of gaining and organizing knowledge which unites the diverse discourses and warrants their coherence within an underlying structure of implicit assumptions about the status of knowledge, to approach a literary text as a representation of or reaction to the power-structures in a given society.
Often such work portrays a particular configuration of statements, symbols, and meanings as an example of underlying and enduring collective understandings produced in extended ideological struggles. The epistemological assumptions behind such representations are that the rationality of the elements establishing the frame map to some corresponding consistency in a belief system. This is seen as particularly important for purposes of frame alignment. However, the presupposition is that this framing discourse is an internally stable enough tool for the communication of meaning so that interpretive strategies for mobilization and action are possible. In many of their analyses, frame analysts also assume some isomorphism between their abstractions and the ways in which people actually use framing
O‘Connor and Moodie, examined the concept of social inclusion‘ and its importance in relation to the higher education sector where social inclusion implies the inclusion of an individual, group or community in society in general and higher education in particular. (O‘Connor and Moodie,
Culture is the way in which life is being shared among people, as well as their thoughts and ethnicities. It is a mirror of a group's morals and principles in various ways. Culture has an impact on vantage points, rules, and organizations in a worldwide society. It consists of a number of characteristics , such as art , religion , food , daily life , government , clothing ,etc. Academic culture states the beliefs, morals and attitudes that occur in upper education institutions, mainly universities.
The academic writings carry a definitive idea to be conveyed to the readers. The substantiation of the idea by citing different authentic sources is an established practice in academic world. These external sources are cited in the document or article in a specific manner in order to extend due credit to the original creator. Different disciplines and areas of specialised knowledge may differ in their
Distribution is one the most controversial matter in Political Philosophy as far as Social Justice is concerned. In this essay, I will discuss about the capability approach as the plausible factor to consider when devising a distribution scheme. The capability approach takes a comprehensive or holistic approach which considers the abilities, functionings, opportunities, the being of an individual and other factors as well. The capability approach is a theoretical framework that involves two central normative claims that the freedom to attain well-being is of fundamental moral importance; and it needs to be understood in terms of people's capabilities, that is, their actual opportunities to do and be what they value and have reason to sustain
The primary aim of counselling at this level is. Higher Education counsellor is said to provide primarily to the needs, goals and of its institution and its development and continuation is to facilitate the needs of the Higher Education Institution. (Rutten and Hulme
Research Design This study will use a qualitative, descriptive research methodology. Qualitative research can be defined as an overarching concept of several forms of research which help to illuminate and explain the meaning of phenomenon in social settings (Merriam, 1998). The data collection methodologies included in qualitative research are observations, interviews, and analysis of written documents and artifacts (Patton, 2002). The interview using the guide questions will allow for greater analysis of individual depth and detail. The case study method is the preferred choice of methodology given that it allows the researcher to explore additional avenues of information that may arise in the case study of the participating higher education
The intention in this research is assess senior leaderships’ contribution and meaningful engagement with the complexities and contradictions of higher education that require careful consideration of the meaning of social justice and how this translates to policy and practice. With much of the work and research done internationally on social justice in education, it is not surprising that the focus on higher education in South Africa currently is critical. Evident in the literature are three conceptual areas of relevance to this study. 1. social justice 2. student engagement 3. leadership So to begin with the understanding of the term social justice I wish to refer to John Rawl’s who theory of justice is useful in understanding access and social
Also, theory tries to show us the ways in which people put mass communication into use. One theory of the many mass communication theories is the common sense theory Denis