Different words can have different meanings. Idiomatic expressions also carry different meanings beyond their basic level and when they are used in speech or written form, they can have a great impression on the listeners or readers (Zyzik, 2009). Fotovatnia and Khaki(2012) states that idiomatic expressions are used in all shapes of discourse: in conversations, talks, films, radio broadcasts, TV programs, and etc . Fotovatnia and Khaki (2012) add idiomatic expressions are so common in English but the trouble is that they seem very hard for second language learners to use them appropriately , so, learning English idioms is necessary to second language learners, and every learner must prepare himself or herself to meet these challenges.
The importance of idioms has been emphasized by linguists and language teachers in recent years. Many studies in the domain of SLA have concluded that idioms are important in learning a foreign language. For example, Cooper (1999) believes that learning idioms is very important in the domain of second language acquisition. Cooper (1998) adds the research in the domain of idiom learning has reached to a number of findings that have pedagogical implication for idiom instruction. Swain (1993) believes that by applying target language in routine conversation, fluency will be enhanced.
The ubiquity of idioms in language sometimes provides difficulties for foreigners to grab diverse ambiguous meanings of English. As an integral part of language, idioms should be thoroughly understood in order speak language with fluency. Idiom, derived from Greek lexeme idioma (special feature, peculiar) can be defined as an expression, word or phrase that has a figurative meaning that is separate from
“Since idiomatic expressions are so frequently encountered in both spoken and written discourse, they require special attention in language programs and should not be relegated to a position of secondary importance in the curriculum.” Cooper, 1998. No doubt, idioms are important part of language and culture around the world.Ideoms cause difficulties for English as Second Language learners because their meanings are unpredictable. Nonnative speakers can find themselves in “hot water” for example when encountered with idioms . To many ESL or English as a foreign language , learners ,idioms are a stumbling block in their way to learn English. Obviously, this is because the meaning of the words that constitute an
CHAPTER 1: LITERATURE REVIEW 1. Idiom 1.1 Definition For thousands years, idiom has been a crucial part in a language. People use idioms in everyday speech and writing. Therefore, it is essential to have a basic foundation of the definition of idiom in order to fully understand this paper. Palmer, 1990 defined that “An idiom is an expression whose meaning cannot be inferred from the meanings of its parts”.
Students encounter difficulties in speaking and writing as productive skills and they consider them as the main skills that should be improved. Definition of speaking skill Speaking is the way people use to communicate with others and expressing meanings so that other people can make sense of them. The challenges and difficulties that EFL encounter when learning Speaking skills that the English language is not their native language and also lack of confidence, most of the student do not like to speak in front of others because they afraid of making mistakes or they do not have enough vocabulary to communicate and speak with others, Sometimes they are not interested with the topic that teacher selected and the topic is not matching their age. The teacher has to speak to the student and tell them that the only way to encounter the challenges and difficulties and improve
The very first lesson in the course was about individual learner differences in second language learning. According to Ellis (1985), EFL learners are different both inside and outside the classroom. They are different in the way learners learn a L2 and the way they use their L2 knowledge. Therefore, no 2 learners learn a L2 in exactly the same way. Also Lightbown and Spada (2006) have mentioned that learners are different from each other in certain aspects such as “age, interests, level of proficiency in English, aptitude, mother tongue, academic and educational level, attitude to learning and teachers, motivation, reason for learning, preferred learning style, personality which may affect the language learning ability.
Individual Proposal Proposed Research Topic: Effective Teaching Methods to Improve Specific Purpose My Topic: Using English as Medium of Instruction (EMI) Enhances EFL Learners to Improve Their English Communication Skills Background/Literature review In this decade, English language has definitely become more dominant around the world. Also, English is an important tool of communication and association between the people with different cultures. Actually, English is commonly used for communicating with others especially whoever comes from the developed countries have the important role in educational and political, economic such as The United States and United Kingdom. Therefore, non-native speakers who can communicate by using English will get more opportunities to work and study in those countries. According to Dearden (2014), “there is a fast-moving worldwide shift from English being taught as a foreign language (EFL) to English being the medium of instruction (EMI) in many fields” (p. 2).
According to Thorbury (2002:13), language performance, particularly English, will improve significantly if learner learns more words. He states that people can say very little with grammar, but they can say whatever they want with a word. At the very first stages of learning a foreign language, people infer the meaning of a sentence by the means of its vocabulary. Further, vocabulary knowledge determines learners’ ability to understand while listening to different speeches, such as
In this way, the students would overcome the struggles and the difficulties that serve as an obstacle for them to fully master the usage of the English language. As we all know, the English language is one of the most widely used worldwide, second to the Mandarin. Consequently, there are a lot of benefits that an individual can attain when he/ she can speak, read, and write in the English language very well. For instance, those that had obtained full mastery of the English language have far more greater opportunities for further studies. They have a high chance of being admitted for undergraduate and graduate programs in universities that are located in an English- speaking country.