In the words of Pauline Hopkins, “And, after all, our surroundings influence our lives and characters as much as fate, destiny, or any supernatural agency.” In the post-colonial fiction, The Poisonwood Bible, by Barbara Kingsolver, a family of six is being led blind into the Congo in the name of Jesus and left all their modern conveniences behind. There are many shifts in the daily lives and beliefs of the Price’s from the “simple” change of drinking water to the complexity of what Jesus truly means in their lives.While adapting to the new normal throughout the developing years of the Price children’s lives, the second eldest daughter, Leah Price, starts discovering who she is and how she is going to take on the task of life. By replacing each uncertain footstep on the Congolese ground with a new understanding of what life is all about, Leah’s psychological traits shift and then re-introduced through the use of colloquial diction, a theme of divine sense of acceptance, and her inner need for justice reveals who she will become as a person in the face of adversity. Her life as she takes control of it contrasts the life her father, Nathan Price, creates for his daughters from the time they enter in the world, which is parallel to the life, Chopin writes about regarding the role of the mother, “If it was not a mother’s place to look after children, whose on earth was it?”. Destined for a life of housework, kids, and taking care of every duty regarding the aspect of family, Leah
Having read, The Poisonwood Bible book, it was both fascinating and interesting. The author, Barbara Kingsolver, was quick with her diction and used quite a lot of figurative language. The objective of the book was to show the true meaning of Africa and show how it was difficult to convert the people of Africa to Christianity religion. The setting was present in Georgia, which later they traveled to a village called Kilanga in Congo, in which they started their journey. The main characters includes, Nathan Price who was the main character, his wife Orleanna Price, and their four daughters, Rachel, Leah, Adah, and Ruth May.
Inconclusive endings can allow the reader to expand their mind beyond the story, and imagine their own ending. The Poisonwood Bible, written by Barbara Kingsolver, is a novel following a missionary family in the Congo, and each chapter is written from a different member of the family’s perspective. The ending provides the reader with multiple ways to interpret the ending. One ending is more satisfactory than the other because everything comes full circle. One of Orleana’s children, Ruth May, dies tragically in Africa after surviving a terrible illness.
Amadou Hampaté Bâ is extremely detailed throughout the book, The Fortunes of Wangrin, in explaining the colonial world in West African societies. He provides multiple examples in this work of fiction that precisely describe the factual aspects of African colonialism that we have discussed in class. I will point out a few of the examples that Bâ uses such as: limitations colonial governments set on Africans, the Métis relationships within colonies, and issues that arose, not only between Europeans and Africans, but within the native African communities as well. I will then point out certain details from the book that do not perfectly reflect the components of colonialism that we have studied in lecture. The French colonists created many discriminatory laws in the colonies they dominated and the native Africans were commanded to obey
Characters like Okonkwo and Nathan can represent different things or ideas. Objects like yams and a rocking chair can symbolize ideas like wealth and patriarchy. Both of these authors were very artistic in their symbolism, with even the slightest pronunciation failure making a preacher in the congo talk about death and pain instead of love and happiness. “Living fire begets cold, impotent ash”, the main character realizes his life and actions symbolically affect his family. Its novels like these that have so much symbolism and greater meaning, forcing you to constantly ponder what the author’s intent truly is, that make the read that much
Achebe’s first issue with Heart of Darkness is the oversimplification and the barbaric delineation of Africa and the native people. He claims that it is the desire “in Western psychology to set Africa up as a foil to Europe, as a place of negations at once remote and vaguely familiar, in comparison with Europe’s own state of spiritual grace will manifest (Achebe 1784).” Instead of viewing Africa as land with an equal value as Europe, many Western scholars including Conrad, especially in Heart of Darkness, either consciously or subconsciously project Africa to be some “other world” governed not by law and civilization but by barbarism, a world that needs guidance from the intelligent and refined Europeans. Conrad wrote, “going up that [Congo] river was like traveling back to the earliest beginnings of the world,”
What is particularly interesting is that Conrad transformed a personal experience into a fiction of general historical and cultural significance. With little sense of strain, he moved from self to society; it was one of his eccentricities to mythologize an historical self, to place his own life at the heart of historical conflicts. (Ross) The ‘Heart of Darkness’ is representative of the African continent which is perceived to be at the centre of the Earth and that which was believed to be lagging in terms of progression and development. But by the end of the novella, readers question this notion: is it really Africa that is hidden away in darkness or the hearts of the brutal colonizers under whom the natives have suffered in their own land? The plot of the novella revolves around Charles Marlow the protagonist, who is along with his fellow sailors aboard his ship Nellie anchored in the river Thames, narrating the story of his journey into the African continent, or as the Whites would put it “the heart of darkness.” This was the place that kept him wondering from childhood as depicted in
Through Marlow’s journey up the Congo and into the heart of darkness, the horrifying tools of colonialism are laid bare and the true purpose of colonialism and the European capitalist approach is exposed. Conrad is here not only exposing the hollowness and the weakness of the Belgian imperialist rule over the Congo, but also indirectly reminding us of British imperialism in various countries of the world of his time. Today white imperialism has crumbled and most of the countries of Asia and Africa have become independent. But in Conrad’s time all the African countries were still a part of the Dark Continent, and most of the Asian countries were being governed by their white rulers. Therefore, his picture of imperialist misrule and callousness in the backward countries had in those days an undeniable relevance.
In literature, characters often progress on internal or external journeys with the aim of discovering more about oneself or the world. Stereotypically, journey archetypes are characterized by the protagonist’s need to fulfill a particular quest, traveling through a series of obstacles to arrive at a final destination. In Joseph Conrad’s Heart of Darkness, a European sailor Marlow, travels through Congo into Africa’s “darkness,” with the aim of discovering ivory. However, oftentimes characters themselves embark on journeys within themselves, attempting to fulfill their desire for self discovery. For instance, in Zora Hurston’s Their Eyes Were Watching God and Virginia Woolf’s Mrs. Dalloway, the female protagonists engage in much more internal
The objects and descriptions within the narrative are the author’s tools for displaying the values and themes of the work. However, as the author progresses deeper through his journey into the Inner Station, light and darkness symbols are inspire with special meanings which are contradictory to what they usually mean to readers. This study, focuses on analyzing the light symbols through the Whited Sepulchre, London Civility, Thames River and... so on. In the other side it focuses on darkness symbols through the African jungle, Congo River, fog and... so on. In this story, a sepulchre suggests death and confinement.
Twain’s portrayal of slaveholding also brings into question society’s moral value and hypocrisy. Basically, the book is about Huckleberry Finn’s growing character and insights about race/slavery/society while on a adventure. Huck Finn and Tom Sawyer are described as opposites of each other in every way such as Tom’s romanticism and Huck’s skepticism but also have some things in common like rambunctious boyishness. Another novel that is referred is Don Quixote to acknowledge the parallel in they way it was written. From the beginning of the book