The views expressed by psychoanalysts, Simone de Beauvoir, Ajay Skaria, Nicole Weikgenannt, Chandra Mohanty, Trinh T. Minh-Ha, Aloka Patel, Catherine Cundy, and Justyna Deszcz have been skimmed and scanned to throw light on these areas in this paper. Similarly, the study of the interplay of the dual elements, identified in Aurora Zogoiby of Rushdie’s The Moor’s Last Sigh, would not be complete unless the inclinations behind their interplay are deconstructed. Again, a mere documentation of the roles and causes of these interplays would not be meaningful if the causes of the oppression of women, especially of Aurora Zogoiby and the possible solutions for overcoming this oppression are excluded from the agenda. Therefore, this paper proceeds to analyze the split personality of Aurora Zogoiby after formulating an overview on the roles and causes of dualities in her, and also, the causes of and solutions for the oppression of women, in general as well as in Aurora
In this paper I will concentrate on how some feminist theories approach objectification by reviewing many different definitions of objectification; second I will explain the wrong thing about objectification and then what is ok about to see if they all those feminist critics agree about the idea of objectification. First of all, I will review different definition about the idea of objectification to see if they all have identical definition of identification. In 1995, Martha Nussbaum describes seven ways that are included to deal with women as an object. For instance “instrumentality” which illustrates how women are treated as a tool when somebody uses it as needed or “denial autonomy” which means the dealing with a woman as dependent who doesn’t have a “self-determination” (Papdaki 1) After that Some feminists focus on the way of dealing and treating with women as an object and the main concern is on sexual objectification. This theory is definitely explaining the sexual side as one of the means of women’s
Stice and Shaw’s study of 2002 published in Journal of Psychosomatic Research have demonstrated that “individuals who experience severe dissatisfaction with their appearance are at risk for eating disorders, which can seriously negatively impact both psychological and physical health” (cited in Daniels 2009, 401). Considering males aged 18 – 25, it was discovered that they take the ideal body image portrayed by media as a standard which will allow them to attract females, but this
Participants were exposed to magazines and television programs that contained idealistic body imagery along with images of well-known fashion models. Results showed that comparing oneself to a universalistic figure, such as one found on television or in a magazine, could have significant negative effects on self-esteem, increase the use of diets, increase body dissatisfaction, and increase potentially harmful weight control practices. Banfield and Macabe (2002) defined body image as “a loose mental representation of body shape, size, and form which is influenced by a variety of historical, cultural and social, individual, and biological factors” (p. 374). Body dissatisfaction occurs when one’s body image does not match up with her perceived ideal body image. Body dissatisfaction is associated with eating disorders; the more dissatisfied someone is with appearance, the more likely the
Apple and Samsung are the most popular smartphone producing companies and a lot of consumers are loyal to these brands. While Nokia products are cheaper, more durable and have better camera features, people still willing to purchase something more popular and more expensive. Of course, it might be problematic for Nokia products to get as popular as IPhone and Samsung, but it doesn’t mean it is impossible. Their phones have their unique selling properties, but they are poorly advertised and as a result consumers do not pay that much attention on new releases of
In this next section will shall examine a range of advertising imagery, critically evaluating these images in greater detail for their hidden psychological connotations and how they are visually constructed in photographic terms by studying the key constructs of that particular image that are used to sell a specific product. Linking the notion of connecting emotions, fantasies and the audience’s aspirations to an item in order to sell it. By carrying out this investigation of imagery it will reinforce the statement that in fact imagery can have an adverse effect on a section of society through the use of manipulation. A quintessential example of this image manipulation used in advertising, see (Figure 2.1) comes from a cigarette advert promoting that smoking makes you thin. ‘Capri Cigarettes’ manufactured by ‘Brown & Williamson Tobacco Corporation’ advertised its product in certain fashion magazines in the late 1980’s aimed at
There frequent presumption that because we have the means to do things quicker and easier which leave the details out. When in real world, because more work is produced with a higher rate of efficiency, details of the minimal scales are able to be more frequent. The advent of digital media can be compared to that of the innovation of the printing, all these while the only methods of producing architectural construction drawings were by hand, a process that would take many weeks if not months to complete. With the innovation of the printers, construction drawings were able to be mass printed, more readily distributed and at a much more affordable rate. Just because the process becomes faster and simpler does not mean the outcome is lacking.
In a survey on 300 students of Victorian University, it was found that students who are on social media reported that they feel pressure to look more attractive or muscular, lose weight and to change their appearance. There were correlations between Pinterest and body shame, between Instagram and concerns with body image and body surveillance and appearance control beliefs and between Pinterest and Facebook and perceived pressure. (Pepin & Endresz, 2015) Also the people who regularly shared self-images on social media have higher body dissatisfaction, overvaluation of shape and size, internalization of thin ideal and dietary restraint as compared to people who are not regular sharers. It was found that people who are engaged in higher manipulation of self-images and invested more in images had higher levels of body dissatisfaction, weight and shape issues and was restrained food-eaters. (McLean, Paxton, Wertheim, & Masters,
There are many benefits to implementing an EMR system, both tangible and intangible. One benefit is could be the ability to share the information between different locations easily. Another benefit which is important to management but often takes time to realize is monetary, in the form of savings from increased efficiency and reduced errors. Increased efficiency also may translate to increased patient satisfaction, leading to increased business and reputation. Most people think of reducing the amount of paper used when a system migrates to going digital, but paper is a comparatively cheap medium though it takes up a large amount of space.
The era of digitalization has created new way in information and communication but also economy, industry, art, culture, education, and politics. The development technology from analog to digital is started by the invention of computer. The development of technology is demanded by the needs of automatically tools. The digital technology offers many advantages; it is well known as easier, sophisticated, and more efficiency. The computer can ménage data digitally.