When looking at the author’s thought process in Dante’s Inferno, we must first look at his reasoning for Lust being a crime. The author seems to believe that when someone gives in to lust, they are actually giving into a loss of reason. They become a slave to the insatiable hunger of lust and loss a part of what truly makes them human, what separates a person from animals. Because of their inability to put first reason and goodness, they are then condemned to second circle of hell. In Dante’s Inferno there are four circles which are used to punish the incontinent.
5.141). This reaction seems misplaced since Dante is talking to two people who committed a deadly sin; however, this reaction conveys that Dante believes that love itself is a valuable virtue, but the reader must be aware that adulterous love is not virtuous. The position that Dante the Poet establishes is that the souls in Hell are there not only because they committed sins, but because they corrupted pure virtues to work in their favor. In Purgatory, Dante encounters lust and love again, but the souls have a love for God in addition to the perverted love they had in their life. Virgil presents to Dante that there is a love that is naturally within everyone and that the “natural is always without error / but mental love may choose an evil object / or err through too much or too little” (Pur.
Such sinners he felt compassion or hostility to are Filippo Argenti, Ser Brunetto Latino, and Bocca Degli Abbati. Alighieri shows hostility towards Filippo Argenti, a wrathful sinner, through his diction, and by making his protagonist add an extra punishment to
Dante ensures this happens by using the concept of contrapasso, which describes the relationship between sin and the resulting justification in Hell. The literal definition of contrapasso is the 'counter-strike' or the 'counter-suffering which translates literally as "counter-penalty." And in Dante’s Hell, sinners are punished according to the nature of their sin, so that their punishment fits their crime. And as we see throughout the story, some sinners literally become the personification of their sins while others become victims in Hell of the crimes they committed while on
Dante’s Inferno is a work that shows a definitive interpretation of what sins are hell worthy while also laying out what is religiously considered a sin. By “hell worthy” I simply refer to the writer's ability to demonstrate his contempt of certain souls sins and even to an entire circle as we journey through hell alongside Dante. Some of what Dante sympathizes for is somewhat of a surprise especially as we approach sins Limbo, Lust, and Greed. We see all from sympathization, understanding, and mourning from Dante as we are guided through these sins. Although it might initially appear on the surface as though the souls sentenced to this eternal suffering are all deserving but we soon find that Dante doesn’t feel this way.
In Dante’s Inferno, there are several allusions referring to people who are famous for their lustful sins. The sinners in the Carnal are tossed and whirled by the winds. They are helpless in the tempests of passion. This canto also begins by descriptions of the circle and those who devoted to the sins of incontinence and lust: the sins of the appetite for skin, the sins of passion, and the sins of self-indulgence. People like Semiramis and Ninus are also known for their lustful sins.
For Dante, the punishment was fitting for both sinners because the sullen spent their lives moping and pitying themselves, when they had a promising life while the wrathful were reenacting their rage that they expressed throughout their time. There is a balance between the sin committed in Earth and the punishment received in hell. At the beginning of the poem and through the circles, Dante was a little sympathetic but after traveling to the fifth circle and encountered Philippo Argenti his feelings change. Argenti a former member of the Black Guelf was rival of Dante who was a member of the White Guelfs. When Dante was force to exile Florence, Argenti’s brother took all his property.
Dante believed the most serious sins and acts of man dealt with fraud and betrayal. He reasoned that these sinners deserved the most crucial punishments Hell must offer. Therefore, the sinners in the deeper parts of Hell, sent to circles seven and eight, included those who caused religious conflict in
In both stories, these characters both struggle with their own sin, and attempt to make others realize sin that is inside of them. When Mr. Hooper wears his black veil, he becomes, “a man of awful power over souls that were in agony for sin” (Hawthorne 20). Mr. Hooper’s black veil makes him appear as a man who has committed an awful sin. This makes other people feel like they have a connection to him, and can go so far as to recognize their own sin. Similarly, Roderick Elliston attempts to make people view the sin within themselves.
The first bolgia contains the seducers and panderers, because they were so violent during their lifetime, they are violently whipped by demons. The second bolgia holds the flatterers, who are sunk in excrements, this punishment symbolizes how surrounded people with lies to get their way so now they are surrounded by feces. The third bolgia contains the simoniacs, who sold positions to people in the clergy, they’re punished by being hung by their feet, which are on fire, over a pit. During their lives simoniacs had a lot of power over certain people, and this punishment takes away their power to do anything. Fortune tellers and diviners are encompassed in the fourth bolgia, because they tried to look into the future their heads are on backwards while they walk backwards, so that they can never look into the future again.