At the end of his journey, however he is beaten down both mentally and physically. In Ernest Hemingway’s novel The Old Man and the Sea, the author uses turtles as a symbol for Santiago and his tragedy. At the beginning of the novel, Santiago talks about turtles as beautiful creatures which highlights his emotional health and positive connection to nature at the start of his journey. As Santiago rows his boat far out of the harbor he spots a green turtle, “He loved green turtles and their hawk-bills with their elegance and speed” (Hemingway 36). Santiago’s description of the turtles’ elegance and speed is symbolic of his optimism and strength.
Santiago used to go to fishing with the boy, Manolin. Although only the boy was his company, the boy went in another boat because of the parent’s orders. Santiago knows that the boy is with a lucky boat and should stay in the boat. Thus, Santiago went to fishing alone. In the journey, he repeats “I wish the boy was here” again and again.
In conclusion, the sea is symbolic of the entire world in “Old Man and The Sea”, and Santiago barely even touched the water and learned so much, while teaching others even more. Santiago’s story gives insight to universal truths about human interaction with the world, and exposes how respect, confidence, pride, and determination can drive anybody through any challenge. Finally, Santiago’s fight with the marlin proves to be a symbol of the true meaning, and positive attitudes of
On his 85th day out to sea, Santiago encounters a marlin who resists his attempts at catching him leading to a two-day feud. Once Santiago makes it to sea he manages to get a strong and huge marlin to fall for his bait. This is reminiscent to another time of his life when he went a prolonged time with bad luck and wasn’t able to capture anything, but when he finally made a catch, it was a giant fish. Instead of the marlin allowing Santiago a quick kill, he fights back and refuses to stop swimming, dragging along Santiago’s skiff with him. In Santiago’s mind, he isn’t that bothered or worried about the fish putting up a fight thinking, “This will kill him… He can’t do this forever” (Hemingway 45).
Manolin- He is a very young boy. He was the apprentice of Santiago. His parents made him stop being the apprentice, but he still had a connection with Santiago. He has very much compassion shown throughout the book. He consoles Santiago after the marlin is eaten and he also supplies bait and food for Santiago.
Throughout the text, the author uses structure to bring important sections to attention and to differentiate between the emotions and perspectives Santiago is having. In the passage, the fish is either referred to as “the fish”, or “him”. Depending on which Hemingway uses has an impact on the emotions attached to the fish. When the fish is referred to as he or him, it is almost as though he is a human and that strengthens the bond between Santiago and the fish. Santiago is persevering the fish as someone like him, as more of a brother than a fish in the sea.
He challenged everything that comes on his way. He said man can be killed but not accept defeat from others. “But man is not made for defeat,” he said. “A man can be destroyed but not defeated.” (Hemingway, 1952, p.29). Santiago was brave enough to accept the unavoidable thing like death or his mind was ready to face any struggle but he was a man who refused to accept defeat.
Santiago enjoys keeping up with baseball, which is usually associated with younger people (“Themes”). The following is an example of when Santiago’s mind wandered to baseball: "He...tried to think of other things. He thought of the Big Leagues, to him they were the Gran Ligas, and he knew that the Yankees of New York were playing the Tigres of Detroit (Hemingway, 67-68)”. Here, to give him something to think about while out at sea, his thinks of baseball. These thoughts keep him young because baseball is played by young, athletic people and is usually followed and watched by young people.
In the novella the Old Man and the Sea an old man named Santiago taught a boy named Manolin how to fish when the boy was very young. In the book, Santiago and Manolin are usually referred to as “the old man,” and “the boy.” In their time together on and off the skiff they formed a father-son relationship, however, Manolin’s parents said the old man was unlucky, so they made him other fishing arrangements. He went to fish with another boat, and caught three fish in the first week. At the beginning of the novella the reader is greeted with a description of the old man’s situation, “He was an old man who fished alone in a skiff in the Gulf Stream and he had gone eighty-four days now without taking a fish.” The first forty were with the boy, and
Santiago and Elie both face devastating events in the two similar novels. In Old Man and the Sea, Santiago struggles to change his luck when he has gone 84 days without catching a fish, leading him to take a risk and go further out from shore than the other fishermen. He hooks a fish and begins a multi-day struggle to bring the fish into the boat. Throughout these few days, Santiago loses his strength fighting the fish and physically injures his hands and back, while also losing the fish. On top of these two destructive injuries, Santiago loses his sanity and begins to talk to himself, as if another person were in the boat with him.