3. Therefore, the most ideal course of action to escape destruction would be to stay peaceful and cooperate with the people around you. Hobbes’ argument for leaving the state of nature is flawed because people are nonviolent due to their own self-interest, not for the prosperity of others- which can easily lead to corruption and disunity. This flaw is damaging to Hobbes’ argument because not everybody is willing to give up their free will or follow the obligations of the social contract to protect the
The Doctrine of Double Effect often refers to actions that have two relevant effects, in which they include: people whom we bring about, and those that we see but do not have a set goal for. This refers to the following, “Provided that your goal is worthwhile, you are sometimes permitted to act in ways that foreseeably cause certain types of harm, though you must never intend to cause such harms” (Landau, 2015, p. 224). Consequently, many people are lured by absolutism, since it is the one and only way to overcome consequentialism. To bring good in, absolutists need to portray their side and grant people the vision of previous arguable cases, without counting on hidden ‘consequentialist assumptions’. According to Alison Mclntyre, “According to the principle of double effect, sometimes it is permissible to cause a harm as a side effect (or “double effect”) of bringing about a good result even though it would not be permissible to cause such a harm as a means to bringing about the same good end” (Mclntyre, 2014, p. 1).
Unlike utilitarianism, deontology requires that you set certain boundaries to one 's actions. Fried describes that the deontological perception involves taking into account how to achieve its goals because the act has a moral significance. Unethical acts like lying, slavery, denying, and harmless innocence can not be justified, although it could lead to a lot of good in some cases. For example, a follower of deontology would not argue that a person is happy if this happiness was caused by the suffering of an innocent person. Utilitarism, on the other hand, believes it is permissible to inflict an innocent person harm if this causes more happiness as a consequence of the action.
The first defense is that some consequences in the long term is bad. Like lying to people in the long run would ruin your reputations. But this theory cannot apply to all situations, so the first defense is weak. The second defense is that they made a new type of Utilitarianism called Rule-Utilitarianism. This idea does not judge people by the principles of utility but follows set of rules that promotes the most happiness.
Freedom itself can be a blessing, yet without a sense of security or protection there will be chaos because some people cannot handle so much power into their hands. Being free gives us the potential of doing what we please to do whether it is doing our jobs or committing a crime. It ruins us being an united nation by having us become selfish and trusting no other just to survive. Safety within a society is organized, peaceful, and tamed while
After reviewing these three forms of cheating, it is obvious that cheating is not only wrong, but harmful to everyone touched by its influence. Its ' grasp is poisonous and swift, carrying those who commit to it down, but snagging the ones who unknowingly stumbled into it down with them. Cheating can never be excused and measures should be taken to ensure its collapse; if people truly cared, then individuals would accept responsibility and take their own stand against it. Many argue that, due to certain circumstances, cheating may, in fact, help the situation out, but in reality it simply resolves the problem in a temporary standing, never really solving the issue at hand. Cheating is always wrong and, no matter what, shouldn 't be used to improve your standing, solve problems, or escape a situation that you set
Although forgiveness in criminal justice system does not serve as a mitigating factor in criminal sentencing; however, it is an important action for both parties. Forgiveness is an essential component of the criminal justice system because it allows victims to take an active approach towards finding peace within their self. In addition, it encourages the innocent to forgive offender(s) that have committed criminal acts against them. “Forgiveness is acceptable only in cases where it is consistent with self-respect, respect for others as responsible moral agents, and allegiance to the rules of morality” (Murphy, J. G.
Inaction during times of injustice can be best depicted by Desmond Tutu, a South African social rights activist, “If you are neutral in times of injustice, then you have chosen the side of the oppressor.” Consequently, neutrality is the easier, but not the appropriate thing, morally speaking, and can exacerbate the situation. In addition to how this could worsen an occasion, neutrality can cause adverse effects, being either psychological or physical. Individuals should act in times of inequalities and injustices due to the fact it is the morally correct thing to do, no matter the circumstances. If no action is done then ultimately the evil has overcome the good. Morally speaking, good triumphing evil is the way to go and in the odyssey a
The book Mistakes Were Made (but not by me), the authors Carol Tavris and Elliot Aronson, include different real-life scenarios where people make dreadful mistakes, but instead of admitting that they are mistaken, they decide to self-justify. Self-justification makes them believe that nothing was done wrong and that the people around them are those to blame. We find it difficult to admit that we’ve committed a fallacy, so instead we cover up our tracks and begin to protect our “innocent” images. It relieves us to feel magnificent about ourselves after feeling some tension. It is human nature to try to be independent and choose for ourselves the path that we crave to go down, but we also have the service of others to try and lead us down the correct one.
The person who has the most likely to do something, is the one who is qualified to perform that action and people should act on their own way for individual benefit. If authority intervenes then people won't be able to express their own likes, and thinking about something in particular. Government can become dangerous and drawing a line should be important for society. People must have freedom to develop their own likes and capabilities to choose between right and wrong. Government try to help people make the right choice but this is not helping, according to mill, it only brings disagreement and conflict of ideas because no all of the people are think and act the same.