Discuss the role of reason according to Kant. Show how reason is tied to autonomy and to Kant requirement that we respect others. Consider any weaknesses in Kant 's emphasis on reason in his moral theory. Immanuel Kant was a German philosopher who was widely considered to be a central figure of modern philosophy. He argued that fundamental concepts structure human experience, and that reason is the source of morality.
In his famous work “The Grounding for the Metaphysics of Morals” Kant tries to develop a moral philosophy which depends on fundamental concepts of reason and tries to show that while making moral choices we should use reason. Kant, as an Enlightenment philosopher, places all his confidence in reason. In the first chapter, we generally recognized that an action is moral if and only if it is performed for the sake of duty. Duty commands itself as imperative. There are two types of imperatives as hypothetical and categorical.
In book one of the Transcendental Dialectic, Kant deals with the concept of pure reason. He asserts that these concepts which are derived from pure reason are accomplished by inference and not by reflection alone. The notions of reason are Ideal inventions which though in a certain sense rest upon experience but it go beyond the limits of experience. Generally, the concepts of reason allow us to comprehend while the concepts of understanding assist one to understand. The difference portrayed between concepts achieved through reflection and concepts obtained by inference seems to be misleading whereas the groupings of understanding state experience and so facilitates the unity of consciousness which is necessary to all reflection.
Immanuel Kant’s The Groundwork of the Metaphysics of Morals is his first crucial attempt to provide moral philosophy, and his work has endures a standout among the most powerful philosophers. Kant’s analysis can be perceived as a foundation for imminent studies by clarifying the major ideas and rules of moral rationale and demonstrating that they are subordinated to rational factors. He seeks to prove that the discovery of the principle of morality is achievable. What is more, he grants a revolutionary assertion the rightness of a choice is controlled by the nature of the principle an individual decides to follow. Therefore, Kant’s moral sense theories often are depicted as strikingly unconventional.
How one perceives things is different, how one deals with the situation is different because of our different ethics. “In law, a man is guilty when he violates the rights of others. In ethics, he is guilty if he only thinks of doing so... Act that your principle of action might safely be made a law for the whole world.”As somebody who believes in god and with Kant’s ideas, I agree with this quote because Kantian ethics are usually spoken of in terms of duty and doing the right thing, Kant himself thought that what was good was an essential part of ethics. Immanuel Kant is considered the central figure of modern philosophy. He was greatly influenced by Aristotle, David Hume, and Plato.
Immanuel Kant is proponent of this theory in 1788. This theory can sometimes be described as obligation, duty, or rule based ethics, due to the fact that it is the rules that binds one to his/her duty, and moral judgment on individual is if he/she has complied. Deontological ethics, place emphasis on the relationship between duty and the morality of human actions. Action is considered morally good due to some characteristics of the action itself and not that the product of the action is good. Deontological ethics state that some acts are moral obligation irrespective of their consequences for human welfare.
Immanuel Kant was a German philosopher during the eighteenth-century who made waves with his theories pertaining to morality. Kant worked very hard to finance his education and came from humble beginnings. Immanuel’s primary philosophical works include Groundwork for Metaphysics of Morals, Critique of Pure Reason, Critique of Practical Reason, and Critique of the Power of Judgement. The main concept behind Kant’s philosophy is human autonomy and free will. Immanuel Kant established his moral philosophy in line with the ideals of deontological moral theory.
For example, if your employees don’t trust you, they simply see you as a manager and not a leader. Employees will trust that you will take into consideration their feelings even if you don’t meet eye to eye with them. Having this understanding of empathy empowers your employees the ability to succeed, thus building and enhancing relationships which in the long run improves production and
While we might consider other’ ends, we may not give practical assistance to others, such as neighbor who is in bad circumstance. This does not appear to conflict with C1 since to love our neighbors is to regard their ends as our own. However, for Kant, such imagination of action or in active thoughtfulness is merely a sort of benevolence, not active love. So, the question remains whether a person has a duty to be beneficent; Kant responds positively to this question by applying C1. Suppose a person or agent realizes that he, like a neighbor, may be confronted with problems and therefore wishes someone would help both him and also his neighbor.
Although it can make a more peaceful environment for the employees to work better and make the staff to have a more humanized. It can also create an unfair situation and bring the loss of the staff to the company (Burks 2010).Thus, we need to think about how to make the family business better. To train family business running in a healthy way, the way that can do is to make certain rules. What I mean is that employers should treat their employees and their relatives in the same way. Thus the boss’s relative should not have the privilege during work.