In the first section of Common Sense, Thomas Paine characterizes government as he sees it, which is still an influential viewpoint. His characterization is perhaps best summed up in his own succinct words: “government even in its best state is but a necessary evil.” These words speak measures to his attitude towards the fundamental nature of government—an attitude that shaped a political party in his time that has evolved over time with the core concept relatively intact. For Paine and modern conservatives alike, government is only rendered necessary due to the inadequacies of moral virtue in running a society. To illustrate this concept, Paine supports his idea with a hypothetical island. When a society develops, it will become necessary for a government to compensate for the eventual defect of moral virtue in individuals.
These final words of Candide are not ones to retreat from politics or philosophy, they are simply a new interpretation of how to handle the “bad” and ugly in the world. Rather than dismissing philosophy altogether, it only denies that no matter what the best possible world will be there waiting for us. We cannot just sit around and waste time hoping that the “best” will be there for us, we have to take the first step and work for it. Basically stating that we cannot be living in our best possible world without putting in at least some effort and work. As for it being in a political standpoint, Voltaire only speaks the truth on how our civilizations are ran and what the authorities do about it.
This excerpt highlights the second influence on the mind, learning from the past, and more importantly the influence of books. He says that books contain ideals and memories of the past, and these books change the basis of truth. The truth is biased and tainted by society, and this represents one of the basic tenets of Transcendentalism, that man and nature are inherently good while society corrupts the purity of an individual. The purity being individualized truths. Emerson’s respect for individual thought and truth is inspiring.
Giving us a sense of right and wrong. Humans are not born with the idea of looking out for the welfare of others, we naturally want to satisfy ourselves. Respect and rules are important, in running an orderly society. Many leaders will demand respect, earning respect far succeeds that of demanding, in ruling a society. Morals give us a sense of right and wrong.
Regardless, very few actually attempt to discover the truth. In the novel, Brave New World, by Aldous Huxley provides several examples of the truths individuals refuse in order to live in ignorance and bliss. Society thrives on its stability. (BS) The Controllers revoke any option of truth because it creates discomfort and discomfort encourage unhappiness. Huxley writes Mustapha Mond as the perfect example of the control of truth to ensure happiness.
Being lazy is the characteristic of underachievement. He is seen as being lazy in the poem when it states, “And dreamed, and rested from his labors” (10). This shows that instead of working or doing anything, that he decides to rest and dream of an overachieving life. Not only does the poem make us perceive him as lazy, but his name also alludes that he is an underachiever. It could be seen that Miniver means minimal and Cheevy as an achiever.
In the novel The Giver society is under constant watch and their individuality and choice is revoked. With these aspects, the government is able to have total control while citizens happily in their safe world maintaining the image of an utopia. The main character, Jonas’s inquisitive behavior and strong beliefs of right and wrong allow him to learn more knowledge and gain wisdom of his community. All in all, The Giver resembles all the aspects of a dystopia and through the societal elements and protagonist the author is able to shine light on the apparent flaws and imperfections of their society in their “perfect
I agree with the basic philosophy of the Romantics and the Transcendentalists for the reason being, it is vital for an individual to discover their own righteous ethical principles and be ruled by them rather than invariably conform to contemporary standards, in order to deter tyrannical rule. As Ralph Waldo Emerson asserts in his essay Self-Reliance “A foolish consistency is the hobgoblin of little minds, adored by little statesmen and philosophers and divines ” (Source A), evident in the excerpt Emerson implies that “foolish” consistency deters positive progress, which is adored and beneficial predominantly by people in power, thus resulting in tyrannical rule. Hence, why I agree with the basic philosophy of the Romantics and transcendentalist, for the reason being it is vital for an individual to discover their own righteous
A greater number of people see the world in twofold classes. They trust that there is either, an inborn good great that we should all comply, or there are no guidelines and life is pointless political agitation. Nihilism contends for a central way: we need inborn request, yet are characterized by our decisions, which implies that we should begin settling on more brilliant decisions by comprehension the truth in which we live more than the human social reality which we have used to supplant it in our brains (nihil, 2016) So what is nihilism? The most common definition, but yet misleading, definition of nihilism, is that nihilism is the 'belief in nothing'. Yet, a widespread meaning of nihilism could then well be the dismissal of that which requires confidence for salvation or completion and would traverse to incorporate anything from religious philosophy to common
Many ancient philosophers such as Boethius and Seneca do not think agree with the previous statement. Both have advocated for a life disconnected from the lust of external goods. Boethius makes a strong case against specific possessions in life. To him, the problem with the pursuit of happiness is that such a concept is very vague, people simply end up end up being misguided and find false truth in external goods. Notably, Boethius does acknowledge that the quest for happiness is a natural habit for human beings, but people are simply trumped by false expectations of what happiness truly is .
It only serves the bodies of its people through physical and emotional support, but spiritually and personally they fail to meet the needs of the people. And yet they have been conditioned to ignore that fact, and instead walk around without a unique persona but rather as husks with a smile. This is the impact of utilitarianism in societies, and that’s what the author is trying to say. Twisting what you explain with your 'Authors message statement ' I believe the impact of a perfect society is a lack of individuality. A loss of what makes diversity and uniqueness so apparent.
The only way to break these spell is to make new agreements based on truth, because the truth will set us free. Gossip or “mitote” is mixed up with many conflicting messages, it’s learned and agreed with at a very young age because it’s a normal form of communication in our society. It makes us feel better to see someone else feel as badly as we do. “Misery likes company” (Ruiz 38). We are infected with and contagious to others with fear and suffering.
Jay Chiat’s essay in Advertising and Humanity presents his laudatory opinions about the media’s power of persuasion. At first Chiat’s tone seems hostile towards television and the Internet, but shifts to a more appreciative tone. He demonstrates how information can be easily distorted by a fraud hiding behind a computer screen but he also claims the media is an outlet in which ordinary people have the same amount of power to present the truth as someone who is more potent. Chiat argues that media is now a necessity for human nature because it is a form of accessible, free, and truthful communication. Through his use of asyndeton, Chiat states, “Media interferes with our capacity to experience naturally, spontaneously, and genuinely.” Individuals encounter the media on a daily basis and their opinions are unconsciously being affected by advertising and the press.
People should not have to worry about losing their lives just because of the simple fact that they are standing up for their rights. If the government tried to put the interests of citizens before their own, and not allow the citizens to get punish for what rights are obligated for them then they will see by putting the people first will benefit America as a whole. In my opinion I feel that the constitution is a petty factor for determining the democracy of a government and the rights of the people in that
Power is defined as the ability to influence the behavior of others or the course of events. Almost everyone tries to sway people into joining their side and of course has the right to do so, but how one perceives such things should tread with caution. 1984 by George Orwell was written as a forewarning to people not to give their government too much power. No Place to Hide by Glenn Greenwald showed a present variation of what happens when a government has too much power. The underlying message of these novel calls for individuals to think for themselves and to attempt to preserve a quality of life worth living.