Women in the 300 BCE-600 CE time period had few rights, which varied from country to country. They were responsible for household chores, upbringing of the child, and to be faithful to their husband. Failure to do so would result in public humiliation or death.Within the Roman civilization, women played a large role in helping shape their family life, business, religious rituals and even in politics. However, in the Han dynasty of China women were not considered citizens and were viewed as inferior to men. During the time period of the Roman civilization, women were considered inferior to men, but they still had an influence on their family.
I will draw on Confucianism's views on gender hierarchy, media's depiction of leftover women, and the power dynamic between parents and their leftover daughters to verify my arguments. My motivation of this research lies in understanding how women's personal agency in their decision on marriage is gradually erased, or in some cases disappears completely, by the influence of various social forces. In Chinese patriarchal culture, women's identities are defined by their roles in family relationships such as good mothers and obedient wives, and leftover women are castigated against because they don't fulfill these roles, which harms the stability of society. The Chinese femininity in the present is largely influenced by traditional Chinese culture. For thousands of years, Confucianism has served as an ideological and
I was selling the very thing that made most of my life miserable, sex….It took me two months of prostituting myself to save enough money to leave home” (Monroe 247). More often than not, many prostitutes don’t choose this line of work for no reason, many are forced into this lifestyle just to provide for themselves and family. A 2015 article further explains, “Poverty is the primary driving force behind women becoming prostitutes…. Throughout the world there are limited and extremely scarce opportunities for women who are uneducated and impoverished….There is no requirement for being a sex worker. It requires no education, no references and no experience.” The objectification of women has lead to sexual abuse, self esteem issues, and judgement based on their eroticism.
As seen by the mothers’ and daughters’ behavior towards each other in The Joy Luck Club, it is difficult to preserve one’s culture when one is exposed to a new environment or country. With a difference of two distinct generations between them, the four main pairs often come across cultural collisions. Other than facing the age gap, these mothers and daughters also have to deal with a language and communication barrier. Already, at the beginning of the story, Jing-Mei Woo is able to understand how the mothers of the “Joy Luck Club” are displeased with their daughter’s rejection of their Chinese culture. She speaks to herself, admitting that “they are frightened.
At the same time, they also had to repay loans to the Chinese merchants who paid their passage to America. These financial pressures left them little choice but to work for whatever wages they could. They would spend their opportunity cost on extra jobs. Non-Chinese laborers often required much higher wages to support their wives and children in the United States, which was unfair to the Chinese immigrant as they work more than the non-Chinese, and also generally had a stronger political standing to bargain for higher wages. Therefore many of the non-Chinese workers in the United States came to resent the Chinese laborers, who might squeeze them out of their jobs.
As can be seen, gender politics is an evident topic of discussion internationally. Females are typically the victims of gender inequality and Kincaid portrays the issue through the short story Girl. When the expectations of women are not met there is a pandemonium followed by a series of consequences. Kincaid has experienced the negative feedback as a woman. The shorty story Girl is only a small depiction of the lives of women.
Current Status Historically, the stereotype emerged from orientalism that was transcribed through film and literature. The mediated image of Asian women in western society is highly hyper-sexualized up to this day. Most of the representations from the media are infrequent and racist that mainly focuses on the false blinding images of these women. In addition, the china doll media portrayal has a negative mass effect on Asians and the rest. As a result of media consumption, these women continue to be victimized by discrimination and objectification in their day-to-day lives.
1. Discrimination comes from any direction, it might include heritage issues, traditional related issues, or any racial discrimination towards the family. Even through the media we were introduced to interracial family where some of the women were “sold” or volunteered to support their family from poverty. These women doesn’t include all the cases of interracial family, but it does make a big impact socially when they are introduced to East Asian women marriage with Korean men. In my personal experience, people somehow discriminate Vietnamese wives compared to American wives because they are stereotyped to be poor and got married to a lonely Korean man for money.
On the contrary, women during that time had little freedom over all aspects of life. Ranging from employment to formal education, women often faced disadvantages due to the inferiority that men placed on them. However, as time went on, women became aware of the mistreatment from their male counterpart and began questioning the subservient role that they were accustomed to, leading to women 's fight for equality. In these two essays, we will examine the different theories around Liberal and Marxist feminism. I will draw from Elizabeth Stanton 's essay "The Declaration of Sentiments", that the Liberal theory included in her writing demonstrates an accurate
Single people usually commit suicide because they often face social stigma of not being married and not having children. In other words, they are seen as “non-persons”, who lack social status and value (Wu 2009). This leads to high level of societal and peer pressure, high levels of mental stress and shame, and, consequently, suicide attempts. In regards to the married people, as mentioned previously, marriage in the rural China and more traditional areas, most often negatively affects women. They tend to have a lower status in the family, where patriarchal beliefs, mainly arising from the Confucian traditions, are intact.
Throughout Chinese history before the Tang and Song dynasties, the daily lives of women and issues from their perspective have not been adequately recorded, due to a male dominated society. However, from the Tang to the Song dynasty, visual and material sources appear which further explains the status of women in society, cultural values, but most importantly, examples of acts of courage, selflessness, and strength. The discussion of women starting with the Tang dynasty is especially important since this is the start of open-mindedness and liberal ideas resulting in women in politics, a woman as empress, and even freedom of expression through poetry and art. However, once shifting to the Song dynasty, the status of women declined further in
Women were one of the most oppressed groups in the Soviet and China. As described in Women, the state and Revolution, “Women’s oppression was rooted in motherhood” (Goldmen, 32). Being a mother at that time meant being confined to the house with the expectations of fulfilling household duties such as; making sure the house was in order, the children were taken care of, and the husband was satisfied. Women didn’t have much rights or any say at all making communism the glimmer of hope that women desired. China and the Soviet sought to bring equality to women that they didn’t have before.