Enoch Powell’s Rivers of blood cautionary speech against immigrants is perpetual and strongly impacted the British population in 1968, and still impacts us today, since immigration is once again an issue. For example, some text headlines from internet websites written in the 21st century read ‘Why Enoch Powell was right’. Rivers of blood focuses on the issues related to immigrants, such as integration, racial and religious differences, and their possible takeover of the country. Through the comparison of the immigrants from the 1960s and those of today, we can see that while both being from different centuries and still having their differences, they experience the same issues. In 1968 the immigrants sought better economical privileges and a better life, they were mostly people from the Commonwealth, an organization assembled of mostly former British territories.
Whitman broke the status quo and highly restricted socio norms of his time and dared to adventure far beyond what was morally and socially acceptable by the moral standard of that time. According to definition provided in our textbook, modernism is A movement dated from roughly 1900-1950. In short, modernism is about changes, changes in society and changes in literary form. Modernist literature represents the change a traditional society experiences as it becomes modern, a transformation that may be painful. Many modernist writers reflect this disillusionment and confusion by questioning traditional values and beliefs and/or portraying the failure of the American Dream.
Most of these agendas were necessary for the partisan structures and electoral contests (Tichenor 46). These plans dominated the political life during the nineteenth century. This era was characterized by the efforts that the federal government put to ensure the exclusion of various immigrant groups such as Germans, Irish people, among others. Even though immigrants were allowed into the U.S., different ideologies prevented ‘efficient’ migration. During this period, both the local and state governments played a crucial role in regulating the immigration and legal status of foreigners (Tichenor 47).
Debating globalism and nationalism is currently creating a divide between people, locally, nationally, and internationally. After World War II, the world experienced a surge of globalism: the global economy increased in value, environmental and economical issues became interdependent among many nations, and more immigration occurred between countries. This major increase of conflicts in globalist policies continued until the recent years of the 21st century. President of the United States of America, Donald Trump, has implemented harsher immigration policies, especially on the Middle East. Great Britain left the European Union.
In fact, generally even in politic there are two sides, those which are in favor of immigration for several reasons; and the second side who denounce immigrants who try to take advantage of the economic system. Furthermore, politicians have to consider illegal immigration which still stays a problem in many countries such as USA or France. Today, manage immigration in a country is a complicate action to do. For instance, B. Obama’s speech on immigration (on November, 2014), where he tried to legalize people who have a child or parent leaving in the USA, was very contentious because republicans were totally disagree. Nevertheless, they were agreed to admit that their immigration system were outdated.
Even defensively motivated efforts by states to provide for their own security through armaments, alliances, and deterrent threats are often perceived as threatening and lead to counter-actions and conflict spirals that are difficult to reverse.” This is exactly what happened in WWI. Even the defensive actions of Britain and France to maintain the status quo were misinterpreted as offensive actions, which reinforced the security dilemma. At its core, the realist theory argues that the distribution of power within a system, and the actions taken to balance this power, is the primary factor in shaping international
According to Berry, the cultural views can change when they undergo an adaptation or integration process. The intermarriages and cross-cultural interactions have diverse impacts. This age is seeing a great number of people who migrate from their native country and settling in a different culture and occasionally repeating this several times. Caryl Phillips was born in St Kitts, migrated with his family to Britain when he was four months old. He was brought up in Leeds, Yorkshire and studied English Literature at Oxford University.
First of all, in response to the increasing immigration number, restraints on investment immigration should be carried out and be enforced. As for the high property price, the property bubble and people’s living conditions are the most important concerns. A survey by US-based analysts MSCI shows that the average increasing rate of property price 9.9% is great but also dangerous, it may forecast the economic bubbles in Hong Kong property market (Gray, 2015). Therefore, limitation of housing investment should be come out. Discrimination and exclusion should be considered in a long-term problem.
The relations between the British and Indian people changed drastically after world war 2. Starting in the mid 1940´s, Britain was forced to take on a new foreign policy that went against their imperial ambitions. The process of decolonization was started and it resulted in imperial powers such as Spain and France to loose important colonies in places such as Indochina and Morocco. Just like the countries mentioned in the previous paragraph, Britain suffered as a result of decolonization and saw it´s colonial territories threatened. India had been for a long time, the jewel of the British Empire, yet the growing sense of national determination was rising in India and people were demanding independence.
Examining the current political behavior of different nations and the place that the cosmopolitan ideals have globally, Craig Calhoun identifies a negative result that current world politics lead to: “multiculturalism have in the eyes of many liberals been excessive and become sources of domestic divisions and illiberal appeals to special rights for different groups” (Calhoun 6). The great diversity championed by Appiah also creates difficulties to carry out his call for a global world. The call for multiculturalism leads to many targeted policies. A government creating laws that target certain groups place a certain stigma on those groups thus separating them from the rest of the community. This separation solidifies already existing gaps between cultures and people.