Migration policies affect the economic incorporation of immigrants in three main ways. First, migration policy can affect the economic integration of immigrants through the distribution of the various visa types by means of which immigrants enter the host country. Some countries use point-based systems to select immigrants on the basis of human capital or skills, and others use quota systems to recruit less skilled workers for specific jobs or economic sectors. Both systems imply some level of selectivity of the immigrant workforce. However, the admission of migrants via ‘noneconomic’ immigration grounds (mainly family reunification, refugees and students) also shapes the migrant workforce, as these categories of immigrants are generally entitled
while involuntary immigration is caused by several push factors that happen to endanger the life of the people, such as war, poverty, natural disaster, etc. that eventually urged them to leave the homeland to find another place to survive. Being accepted in one country as immigrant does not mean that everything has been settled or provided, the immigrant needs to compete with the local people in order to survive. Today, the number of the immigrant has been incredibly increased, especially in Indonesia, which will be the main focus of the discussion. Indonesia is host of many foreign investments with thousands of branches of multinational companies.
What is new, however, are the factors which impact on transnational migration, inter alia, greater access to transportation and cheaper more effective methods of communication, which has resulted in extensive transnational movement and enabled migrants to maintain contact with their homeland (Levitt 2004, Glick-Schiller 2005:239). In particular, research has shown that migrants utilise a number of methods in order to maintain connections to their homelands while simultaneously becoming embedded in the countries of residence (Glick-Schiller 2003; Levitt and Glick-Schiller 2004). While there has been extensive cross-disciplinary research with regard to transnational migration, the role and influence of religion, within this context, is a relatively new field of interest. This is in spite of evidence that most religious movements, from inception, have been global and transnational (Levitt 2003). Levitt’s research indicates that migrants have a tendency to take their religion with them and their religion plays a role in enabling them to “craft new lives” which span their homeland and host country (Levitt 2007).
According to my knowledge, Chinese now even attach more importance to western festivals such as Christmas and Valentine’s Day rather than our own traditional festivals. What’s more, the process of the fusion of different culture has been accelerated, which may cause cultural conflicts among different countries that can also be a great threat to national security. Inequality as a product of globalization exists in all spheres of economic, political and social life(Andresska,
Globalization refers to the process of increased integration and interaction between various countries. Moreover, it helps in linking cities, regions and people so closely than ever before. In addition to it, aggressive competition amongst various industries has induced the host organization in the developed countries to expand their operations to other countries and manufacture goods at low price to compete with others. As a result, most of the manufacturing units are exploiting markets like China and India which constitutes of high demand for products and low cost for factors of production. Dunning’s OLI paradigm and Vernon’s Product Life Cycle can help us to understand this in a well organized and systematic manner.
One of the most important forces that drive globalization is technological development. As technology advanced it gave the means to break the barrier of time and space which in its turn helped the national markets to integrate without difficulties as they could now collect worldwide information. Furthermore communication has become easier as well as faster through internet as it allows messages to be sent and be received at the same time with no delays. Transportation improved and lead to faster traveling as it reduced the time but it increased the efficiency of transferring. “Advocates and critics of globalization basically agree on the big forces behind it: a great freeing up of trade and capital flows; deregulation; the shrinking cost of communication and transportation; an IT revolution that makes it possible for companies to digitize the boundaries between design, manufacturing and marketing and to locate these functions in different places; and the availability of large numbers of workers and engineers in low-wage countries.” (Suzanne Berger 2005
Investing in transport infrastructure means investing in the future and ensuring long-term economic benefits for the country. This unique opportunity is sustainable and its effects are long lasting. As emphasized in the Business Roundtable report, the following benefits can be obtained with increased investments in the transportation infrastructure: Increased GDP growth - investment in transportation infrastructure will generate more jobs; the maintenance and repair projects will further boost employment and create jobs that are permanent and well-paying, which can benefit the middle class, resulting to an increase in GDP growth. Increased productivity - Efficient and modern infrastructure translates to greater productivity by improving safety, reducing labor costs, fuel expenditures, travel time and other unnecessary effects of uncertainty. Supply chains run more smoothly and the cost of doing business is
Disadvantages in multicultural teams and strategies applied to overcome the problems Multi-cultural teams have become very prevalent in recent years. The number of people moving from one country to another has grown significantly thanks to the facility of cross border mobility . This attitude has also led to more people from different cultural and ethnic contexts in the same context because globalization and the advances in communication and technology have reduced trade barriers and increased interaction among people and for these things many multi-cultural teams are arise. Multicultural team means a team with members from more than one culture and this event is what is happening nowdays in different working places; this kind of teams are increasing because international business are developing, this change can benefit us in order to develop a huge knowledge of the different cultures that have a important role in the economic world. We can describe a multicultural teams as a team in wich members represent three or more ethnic background.
The Chinese came to the Philippines primarily to trade, but their cordial encounter brought about the development of a more intimate relationship between the two countries. The two nations have come a long way since. There were intermarriages between Filipinos and Chinese and their descendants proved to have contributed handsomely to the history of the Filipino people. Another reason about why many Chinese migrated here in the Philippines is because way back before, life is really hard in China. Our ancestors decided to come here to make a living.
Online booking portal driving growth for travel agencies What benefit online travel agents are getting by adopting travel technology? Technology, whether we like it or not has changed the way our world works and how we travel and make our travel bookings online. Things are now a lot more convenient and easier for ardent travelers to book their customized trips, vacations and in the same way it is easier for travel agents to serve their customers in a more structured manner, reaching out to more audience and incrementing revenues. When it comes to travel, technology has played a very important role technology dominates your day to day travelling experiences its amazing that with the click of a button, you can have a car to pick you up at your doorstep. There is a lot more to the travelling stories.