To protest, “Japan 's activities in China, Roosevelt had put an embargo on the export of aviation fuel and iron ore to Japan, and had frozen all Japanese assets in the United States” (“Could Pearl Harbor Have Been Averted?”). The Japanese were vulnerable without American materials of oil and metal (80% of Japanese oil and metal were from America). Prince Konoye, Prime Minister of Japan, wished for a meeting in Hawaii with President Roosevelt to resolve their conflicts with one another.
This information about how much the Japanese were harmed makes me believe Roosevelt wasn’t justified. He harmed so many people at once, and there is no proof that is did anything. The Japanese lost everything during this time, and most of them were innocent and had nothing to do with Japan anymore. They were just of Japanese descendants.
This ideology provided the basis for entering both the Sino-Japanese and Russo-Japanese wars when Japan notably acquired Korea, Taiwan, as well as established a railroad in Manchuria. The Meiji government reached their peak during World War I when the war created "a huge demand for Japanese steel and iron production as well as for Japanese textiles and foreign trade"
Although Japan had been open to outsiders, most accounts from those days were either destroyed or not accessible for the public. A major religion, Christianity, was introduced by European missionaries and Perry’s crew. The idea of another religion being openly accepted may have seemed obscure to this secluded community, as the interest was tremendous. The main religion of Japan was Shinto, “Shinto is an optimistic faith, as humans are thought to be fundamentally good, and evil is believed to be caused by evil spirits. Consequently, the purpose of most Shinto rituals is to keep away evil spirits by purification, prayers and offerings to the kami.”
In America, there was much anger and hatred towards the Japanese. The other Americans even went as far as to call them “Japs” in order to use media play to make the public connect the Japanese Americans or Nisei to the Japanese in America to the Japanese in Japan. The state was took part in supporting the hatred, such as shown when the attorney general spoke out against the Japanese saying, ”there is no way to determine loyalty when dealing with Japanese ancestry, as opposed to those who were white”(Uchida 54). The media was involved in spreading the hate through propaganda used to circulate stories that slander
Also, I believe in comparison to the book, the movie didn’t emphasize how mentally detrimental the torture and torment as well as the time at sea was. The trivia questions and talk of home in attempt to keep their minds sharp were shown while afloat in the Pacific but the movie lacked in its ability to show how big of an affect the vast ocean and malnutrition can have on their mind. This is especially evident in Mac who doesn’t make it and dies while in the ocean. I think the biggest adversary to the men wasn’t the lack of food or the hot sun or even the beatings while in the camps as much as it was the mental torture and
In my opinion, the United states was not justified in its policy of keeping Japanese Americans in internment camps. These people were Americans just like those who chose to put them in camps. By singling out these people in camps, the government essentially legitimized racism against them. Most of them had committed no crimes against the United States. Most of them had not involved in the planning of any crimes against the United States.
Because Korea and China had far greater abundancies of resources, it was inevitable that Japan would have to interact with them in one way or another. The success of these interactions is seen through the adoption of Korean-style art forms and Chinese Neo-Confucianism. Although the Japanese invasion was ruthless in the eyes of the Koreans, the renowned Japanese pottery in Imari was actually heavily influenced by Korean labourers and artisans who were captured during this time. The influence of Neo-Confucianism also played a significant role in Japanese society, as it was adopted by Tokugawa Ieyasu and Fujiwara Seika to be the “cultural and educational policy of the new shogunate”. Because Neo-Confucianism became the dominant ideology of the three greater Asian countries (Japan, Korea, and China), it served “as a moral basis for international dealings”, thus increasing the efficiency of intra-Asian trade.
Prior to being modernized, Japan isolated itself from all foreign countries and trade. Japanese people were forbidden to travel overseas. In modern Japan, trade was open, which allowed Japan to provide enough money for itself. In the 1890s, Japan was also strong enough to reverse the unequal treaties proposed by the Western powers. These modernizing tactics proved to be effective, as Japan began to imperialize other nations, creating their own empire.
It all started when a man named, Mitsuo Maeda also known as count koma, came to brazil from japan in 1914. He went with a man named George Gracie, who was a politician at the time. Maeda taught jiu-jitsu to George’s son, Carlos Gracie. He then showed what he learned with his brothers, which carlos Gracie opened the first jiu-jitsu academy in Brazil in 1925. As the years went by, the gracies, more notably Carlos and Helio, and their students made the art brutal with no rules within the fights.
The letter contained the terms in which the U.S. would trade with Japan so they could fuel their ships on the way to trade with other countries, “Our steamships, in crossing the great ocean burn a great deal of coal, and it is not convenient to bring it all the way from America. We wish that our steamships and other vessels should be allowed to stop in Japan and supply themselves with coal.” (Source E.) Although the letter failed to convince the emperor to open his doors to the U.S., determined, the U.S. forced them to open their doors to them through gunboat diplomacy. With the support of the U.S., Japan finally opened up and built a great army and expanded technologically and economically as well as culturally.
There was profound racism against the American Japanese both from the society and some government policies. White farmers in the West Coast were highly prejudicial against their Japanese counterparts and the attack on Pearl Harbor offered them an opportunity to condemn and take away the farms owned by people of Japanese descent. Such groups instigated and fully supported the internment camps to enable them reach their objectives.(Trowbridge, 2016) After receiving contradictory advice and popular opinion, President Roosevelt signed an executive order in February 1942 authoritatively mandating the Relocation of all Americans of Japanese ancestry to what would become known as Internment Camps in the interior of the United States. Evacuation orders were posted in JAPANESE-AMERICAN communities giving instructions on how to comply with the executive order.
U.S. government shaped Japanese migration into its soil when it established gunboat imperialism. The United States forced Japan to trade goods with them, thus, Hawaii was established as a trading port. At the beginning of the Japanese’s first migrations, the United States had graciously invited them for cheap labor in plantations. After their labor agreements ended, many decided to reside in the United States. 2a.
Peace Within Internment Camps As John Lennon once said, “Peace is not something you wish for; it’s something you make, something you do, something you are, and something you give away” (Lennon). Although not all Japanese-Americans were spies, there were many to watch out for in the United States. President Roosevelt signed an executive order that led to the relocation of the Japanese to internment camps in order to keep America safe and have the descendants from Japan prove their loyalty to the country, but it also created opportunities for the Japanese years later. Japanese-Americans suffered mistreatment throughout the whole war. They could not become citizens, own land, or vote.
Though the Japanese and African American experiences would be wildly different, their treatment by the general public would be generally the same. Having to live in fear of violence and high racial tensions would be very typical and, unfortunately, expected. Both the groups were widely discriminated against on almost equal levels as both attracted the majority of hate from White America. African Americans attracted it due to the age old racism that came from the slavery era in America, and Japanese Americans attracted it due to “…[Japan] bombed Pearl Harbor in December 1941, rumors spread, fueled by race prejudice, of a plot among Japanese-Americans to sabotage the war effort” (Foner). Black Americans had suffered for centuries at the hands of White America, and their lifestyle was outlined as a “’… terror era shaped the geography, politics, economics, and social characteristics of being black in America during the 20th century,’ Mr. Stevenson said...”