The French monarchy’s decline in authority can be seen from the acclaimed zenith of Louis XIV. By 1685 it was clear that power was highly concentrated with underpinned by the belief that Louis XIV ruled with divine right absolutism. This can be seen in the centralisation of power in the newly built palace of Versailles where the ‘Sun King’ portrayed an image of absolute power. It was reinforced by the revocation of Edict of Nantes, as he believed religious diversity weakened his regime. This allows one to examine and compare his reign to the nadir of Louis XVI only a century later, whose authority had been fatally undermined as France was in turmoil; on the verge of bankruptcy by 1789, it was blighted by increased poverty and revolutionary ideas were spreading.
1. The main reasons why the French Revolution started were because of Louis XVI. Louis XVI reduced privileges and increased taxes because of France 's action in the American Independence War. This caused the people of France to go against their king. The French Revolution was so violent that it caused the destruction of the monarchy and it also caused King Louis XVI to be executed.
When Henry V first claimed the throne, England was in a state of disorder and dismay after endless wars. Furthermore, to gain the respect of his court and people, he felt that he must ‘live down’ his wild, adolescent and irresponsible past when he roamed with thieves and ‘drunkards’ on the shabby side of London. (Source A) King Henry V claims certain parts of France as
Fascism under Mussolini and Nazism under Hitler started to rise in Europe during the interwar periods. Both totalitarian governments brought great impact to their nations and international peace, which eventually led to the outbreak of WWII. The German economy suffered severe setbacks after the end of World War I, partly because of reparations payments required under the 1919 Treaty of Versailles. The government printed money to make the payments and to repay the country's war debt; the resulting hyperinflation led to inflated prices for consumer goods, economic chaos, and food riots. When the government failed to make the reparations payments in January 1923, French troops occupied German industrial areas along the Ruhr.
France declared war on Britain after the French revolution. People were superstitious, even was the doctor, it is said that the quack doctors in the palace who were responsible for the king—George III’s health, did not take effective action to cure the king, so it leaded to his death. William Blake described the lives of the poor to disclose the corruption and to express his dissatisfactory and anger. However, Composed Upon Westminster Bridge by William Wordsworth was written in 1802, Britain had just finished its change to capitalist industrialization, and it became a clean and bright city. The author wrote down the beautiful scene of London at dawn when he passed it on his way to France in a long-distance bus.
67). The suspension of the Girondins meant that the Montagnards ran the National Convention. The Montagnard party “brought the sans-culotte movement under control” (Popkin, Short History of the French Revolution, p. 76). The Committee of Public Safety to suppress the sans-culottes “arrested the most prominent spokesmen of the Paris sans-culotte movement” (Popkin, Short History of the French Revolution, p. 75). The actions taken by the National Convention and the Committee of Public Safety reflected their attitude that their values were no longer in line with the
Long before the French Revolution, France was in a major economic crisis. Along with massive unchecked spending on the part of the monarchs themselves before the revolution, there were a number of other issues that had a dramatic impact on the French financial situation. First, the national debt was quite large in the years before the French Revolution. In addition to the fact that there were several bad decisions made by officials and advisors, they tried to improve the financial situation after the Seven Years’ War and the American Revolution, both of which almost decimated the treasury due to the size of the armies required. Besides the costs of the wars, King Louis XVI built a giant palace called “Versailles which was a testament to unchecked spending with vast amounts of gold decorating the
The Revolution abolished monarchy and replaced it with a republic. It was a period of social and political chaos. The cost from the American Revolution and the expensive spending from King King Louis XVI left France close to bankruptcy. The spending left many peasants and urban poor with little to nothing to eat. The purpose of the French Revolution was to help solve the financial problems of the government.
One of the direct causes of the French Revolution was the incapability of the Royal Treasury in resolving its problems. The fiscal crisis of 1786 worsened the situation since France had been living beyond its means since seventeenth century. The unique features and hostile reactions provoked by the fiscal system of the state during the Ancien Regime were also responsible for the French Revolution. Another major reason for the French Revolution was bankruptcy of the state due to conflicts between the Monarchy and nobility to rule out the tax reforms, which were detrimental to the progress of the state. Furthermore, there had been an increase in social antagonism between the bourgeoisie and the aristocracy.
Caesar’s expedition in Gaul did indeed contribute to this buildup of tensions, as he gained vast amounts of wealth, influence and power. However, this was not the only factor involved. The previous instability within the Republic, including the opposition to Caesar in the senate and the volatility of the alliance between Pompey and Caesar, also contributed to the tensions building up. While Stevenson and Caesar himself blame the Optimates for the buildup to the war, Pompey ultimately made the decision to break the alliance and hence shares the blame for the split as well. Crassus death also served as a pivotal point in the breakup, as a sense of rivalry developed between Pompey and Caesar as their power and influence further increased.