DIGITAL ASSIGNMENT-01 17BCE2049 LINGALA ANTHONY NIKHIL REDDY Urban environmental problems and solutions in India. Introduction: Recent concern for the environment is not only due to natural phenomenon, but the urbanization has made people more aware of the environmental issues and their quality. population beyond the multiple times of the sustaining capacity has made the urban centres polluted, overcrowded and exerted pressures on social and physical amenities.The Concentration of industries in and around urban centres has exposed the urban population to all sorts of risks. These risks can remain unnoticed due to its slow introduction such as increasing the quantity of pollutants in river Ganga, or can be sudden due to some
China's carbon dioxide pollution was caused by the manufacturing of goods for other countries. According to the research, in year 2008, China officially overtook the US as the world's biggest CO2 emitter. But the new research shows that around a third of all carbon emissions are the result of producing goods for export. Moreover, China as the clothing manufacturer that contribute the ¼ of the world’s volume in cloth exporting has make China a serious water pollution. The World Health Organization estimates that polluted water causes 75 percent of diseases in China.
The epicentre of the quake was east of the Gorkha district, which is at the centre of Nepal. The earthquake brought with it aftershocks and landslides. To reiterate, the earthquake killed nearly 9000 people. The quake struck at approximately noon, so many people were outdoors and thus far less were likely to be underneath rubble. The earthquake caused an estimated 10 billion dollars worth of damage, which over half of its GDP in 2015 of 19.2 billion dollars.
Delhi made headlines in 2017 when it was ranked by World Health Organisation (WHO) as the 11th most polluted metropolis in the world. The capital city is blanked by a lethal smog, endangering the lives of 28 million inhabitants. The Air Quality Index indicated that Delhi has reached alarming level of PM 2.5 concentration of air pollutants per cubic metre (Smith,2017). The Indian Medical Association proclaimed a public health emergency describing the metropolis as a “gas chamber” (Mole,2017). Environmentalists found that harmful exhaust fumes from vehicles, poisonous smoke produced by coal- based power plants and dust from construction sites and road works have deteriorated the quality of air.
The first impact of the influx of a large number of migrant workers on the Malaysian economy is the air pollution increase. If the migrant increase, the population increase. The net migration in Kuala Lumpur is 25700 from 1991-1997 (Dewan Bandaraya Kuala Lumpur, 2015). One of the major effect on contributing on air pollution is increasing in population. One of the major factor that contribute to air pollution is increasing in population ( Azeez, 2009).
• Water Pollution - When an area is urbanized, the water cycle in the area changes dramatically. First of all, cities have more precipitation than surrounding areas, with pollutants and convection currents serving as magnets for raindrop formation. Once the water falls, instead of being absorbed by the soil, it is instead channeled into run-off systems, picking up ground pollutants along the way. This pollution is added to that brought about by industrial waste and sewage disposal, which is often untreated, especially in cities of the developing world (Puga,
According to the report that had been released by the World Health Organization (WHO), Kuwait had been ranked among the top 10 most polluted countries in the world. The report had also specified that the level of pollution in Kuwait stands at about 123 ug/m3. This estimate is determined by gathering statistical and qualitative information from the different sources of pollution. As air and water
ABSTRACT Pollution is a major threat to the people and environment. Rapid growth in industrialization is a major cause of pollution. According to census of India 2011, cities accommodate nearly 31.8% of India’s current population and contribute 63% of GDP. Urban areas are expected to house 40% of India’s population and contribute 75% of India’s GDP by 2030 (JNNURM). Industrialization leads to urbanization and poor management of industrial waste and municipal solid waste creates an adverse effect on the environment and human life.
However, the current problem is that due to the booming urban population, urbanisation is occurring so rapidly that it is causing many problems rather that fixing them. These include that current urbanisation has been causing an exponential increase in pollution. In the case of air pollution, the high number of transportation devices releases a higher number of suspended particles into the air due to the immense fuel combustion in them. These particles are released as soot, dust, lead and smoke and pose a serious threat to the health of the public. “Lead alone can cause brain damage, learning disabilities and premature death in children.” According to the World Health Organization, the maximum suspended particle concentration is 90 micrograms per cubic meter, however, the suspended particle concentration is way higher than that boundary line in urban cities with a population of 8 million or more.
In the gulf war more than 600 barrels of oil burned which effect in developing the air pollution. When the oil barrels burned it has released carbon monoxide and carbon dioxide which has been effect badly on the environment, Kuwait has provided the help to decrease air pollution but, the effect of it still ongoing. In addition, the phenomenal and sudden population growth has led to increase industrial and commercial activities as well as transportation and congestion. According to (Albassam and Khan, 2004) in 1980to 2002 the transportation has increased from 543,000 thousand into 912,008 thousand. Kuwait Instate for Scientific Research has tests on transport emissions have shown that emissions are made up of chemicals that are unsafe for other countries to the fuel used .The two main reason of air pollution in Kuwait is transportation and oil industry.