Expansionism in America during the late nineteenth and early twentieth century shared many similarities and differences to that of previous American ideals. In both cases of American expansionism, Americans used the theory of manifest destiny to justify their conquests for new territory. Later, Social Darwinism was added to the mix, which made Americans even more big-headed. Both of these theories caused Americans to believe that the United States was superior to other nations and that all lands were theirs for the taking. However, there were also many differences between the two expansionist periods because some people supported imperialism while others were highly opposed to the idea.
Imperialism is a policy of extending a country's power and influence through diplomacy or military force. It is a great way to strengthen the economy and gain power and territory for countries that practice it, though it often failed and resulted in war and the deaths of innocents. Four intellectuals that played a big part in influencing American imperialism were Frederick Jackson Turner, Alfred T. Mahan, Herbert Spencer and John Fisk. All of these influencers had different ideologies and came together to justify American imperialism. They believed America needed to expand power and gain territories.
During the time of the Spanish-American War, America was split between pro-imperialists and anti-imperialists. Pro-imperialists wanted to expand America because of trade, social Darwinism, and the White Man’s Burden. The Spanish-American War was heavily supported by pro-imperialists looking to expand America’s power. Anti-imperialists believed in their cause because they thought it was a violation of self-determination, too expensive, and would get America too involved foreign affairs. Support for the Spanish-American War was not seen from many anti-imperialists.
During the late nineteenth century and early twentieth century United States main goal was to imperialize other territories. After the Spanish- American War, the United States became an imperialist power by annexing the Philippines, Puerto Rico, Hawaii and Samoa. Americans also developed overseas trade with China and Japan. The United States proposition was to expand their region because they wanted to influence other nations for new trading locations, more resources and the increase of military protection. In spite of the fact that they had the same proposition, their political and economical motives were departed.
This attack was a turning point for the United States because this was one factor that brought them into World War II to fight against the Axis Powers. In conclusion, Japan attacked Pearl Harbor because of their nationalist mentality, America’s embargo of oil to Japan and fearing that the United States will attack them first. The first reason why Japan had attacked Pearl Harbor was because the Japanese had nationalistic and narcissistic political mentality. The Japanese believed the Yamato race was a superior race to the other Asian race(Document A). They also believed they will become the “new order” once Europe and America crumble and become the “old orders”(Document A).
One important cause that i will mention is the idea of Manifest destiny. This idea was thought out by Americans and is basically about how America’s government felt that they had the god given right to take land from other empires and expand to those areas. This idea and the amount of opportunity had a great impact on the US expansion and how it came to be. These documents are similar because they both prove my claim on reasoning for the US expansion. They are also similar to each other because they both explain in some way how America’s actions affected the country and other parts of the world.
American imperialism: the result of capitalism, business, and trade; the result of fear, competition with other countries, and the quest for furthering an economy—proven with the acquisition of Hawaii and the removal of its ruler, Queen Liliuokalani. Why and how did that happen, and in which ways did it impact the world? The United States removed Hawaii’s queen out of imperialism, an avarice for control of the rich natural resources, and the strategic military standpoint Hawaii provided them with. This changed Hawaii to a tourist base and sugarcane phenomenon, boosting the United States’s economy, but also caused a decline in the population of the Native Hawaiians. The possession of Hawaii also led to the United States’s involvement in World
It became the fuel for the wave of anti-imperial sentiment amongst colonial nations following the First World War. Although not explicitly affirming the legitimacy of self-determination as a principle, Wilson did, however, declare in his fifth point that “in determining all such questions of sovereignty the interests of the populations concerned must have equal weight with the equitable claims of the government whose title is to be determined.” His rhetoric helped to develop the notion of the possibility of independence from colonial empires for colonized people around the globe. As Manela elaborates, for a time, “Wilson appears to millions worldwide as the herald of an emerging new world in which all people will be granted the right to determine their own future.” The Egyptians were among the many nations inspired by his words to take action against the British, vying for autonomy and recognition as a self-governing
They used this as an opportunity to gain influential positions within the government. The government worked hard together with the military to gain both economic and military power (source 12). The West was against many of the methods that the Japanese used in order to obtain power, this because these methods were associated with fascism, ultra-nationalism and imperialism. The Japanese in return resented everything to do with the west but when it came to spreading her influence and invading other countries she adopted methods used by both the West and China, particularly in the case of Manchuria (source 3). Japan invaded this country in order to claim its raw materials for the economic benefit of Japan, in that these materials would stimulate production moving Japan ahead in terms of economic
Spain Spain wanted to colonize America so they could build their empire, create additional trading ports and routes, to expand their military control, and to convert the native people to their religious beliefs. Spain explored america to look for gold. Spain also wanted adventure. Since Spain followed the mercantilism economic method, it damaged local industry, restricted trade, prohibited manufacturing and slowed down town growth in order to create economic environment. This is why Spain was had a huge advantage.
Obviously this would set off a huge alarm because the reason the U.S was born was to gain freedom from a Tyrant. Annexation could lead to the result of the US involvement in the political and military issues. To avoid this kind of conflict, the only solution is to avoid imperialism if you want to take a risk and continue it could lead to these conflicts. At this time in history there is land up for grabs so the greater nation is trying to expand like Russia, Japan, Spain, and the U.S. The U.S is mostly concerned about annexing islands.
With Panama’s approval, the Panama Canal was also constructed, creating an economic opportunity for Panama as well as making travel and trade between the United States and Asian nations quicker. Imperialism is a risky decision to make, because it could have terrible after effects that were not calculated, even if it brings in revenue for your
When you think of America you often think of independence and individual freedom, but what made early American want this freedom? The British restriction of trade and control of state governments merely angered Americans, but with proposals like Thomas Paine’s Common Sense it stirred our spirit into more than rebellious one. These things lead to American Revolution, and this revolution lead to the Treaty of Paris, the U.S Constitution, and the Bill of Rights. All these outcomes of the Revolution are incredibly important to American History and to what we are now as Americans. Great Britain 's regulations and attempts to control America was a large part of what the caused the revolution.
Many looked for ways to increase trade whether that was making allies or taking territory. Lastly, many Americans thought because we were a dominant power that we could have an effect on the world, they believed it was our duty to spread democracy and freedom. Causing tension between the US and Spain.
During the late 1800 of imperialism I saw the United States displaying cultural, economic, and military power. The United States specifically showed the strength of the United States military, protect shipping lanes, establishing United States military bases overseas, acquiring raw materials from new markets, and spreading belief in spreading democracy and Christianity. There are several reasons America showed us these characteristics. For example, during this time we showed Spain how strong our military was after they declared war on April 23,1898. To show them how strong we were, we declared war back on April 25,1898 to show how strong we can be to defeat them to take over Cuba from their rule.