The relations between the British and Indian people changed drastically after world war 2. Starting in the mid 1940´s, Britain was forced to take on a new foreign policy that went against their imperial ambitions. The process of decolonization was started and it resulted in imperial powers such as Spain and France to loose important colonies in places such as Indochina and Morocco. Just like the countries mentioned in the previous paragraph, Britain suffered as a result of decolonization and saw it´s colonial territories threatened. India had been for a long time, the jewel of the British Empire, yet the growing sense of national determination was rising in India and people were demanding independence.
Britain and her crown jewel of imperialism A question toiled over for centuries by historians. What was the effect of British imperialism on india? Was it negative or positive? We delve into such a topic today, but first, how did the British get to India? While the Mughal empire was collapsing (the last seat of power before the British came) The East India Company came Hailing from the great British empire to seek out India’s potential and profit.
In the early 1800s, Great Britain seized the island of Sri Lanka known at that time as Ceylon. Amidst the mid 1800s, following much conflict and force, Sri Lanka and its assets were completely integrated into the British Empire. Soon after Sri Lanka’s integration into the British Empire, tension began to flow between the Tamils and the Sinhalese; Sri Lanka’s two largest ethnic groups. The Sinhalese eventually gained a majority in the democratic institution installed by Britain and passed discriminatory laws against the Tamil population. Tamil’s began to speak of forming a separate Tamil state and as the tension and anger built, a civil war erupted between the LTTE (Tamil) forces and the Sri Lankan Sinhalese forces.
However, the main colonizers in the world were Portugal, Spain, Netherlands and England. This paper will be mainly about the countries that streamed. Although, the Spanish and Portuguese firstly discovered the East by the help of Ferdinand Magellan via going westward, the later the Netherlands and Britain dominated the main strength there. In fact, the Dutch’s main purpose was to have an access to the lucrative spice trade at that time, which was under the controlling of Portugal. In this way, in the wake of having acquired the data on the sea routes to the East, Dutch maritime force was utilized to assault the Portuguese fortresses and posts on the source to some products such as the wellspring of nutmeg, mace and cloves.
A Passage to India, set in pre- World War II India before India gained independence from Great Britain, depicts colonization and the subsequent power struggle between the Colonizer and the Colonized. Inherent in the process of colonization is the establishment of a power hierarchy between the Colonizer and the Colonized in which the Colonizer is dominant over the Colonized, thus creating the illusion that the two are polar opposites. Essential to the process of colonization is the Colonizer’s establishment of distance between himself/ herself and the colonized peoples. In A Passage to India colonization is only one of the many aspects of the relationship between the East and the West. The construction of the East and the West paved the way for the creation of stereotypes of Easterners by Westerners and vice versa and the physical, social, cultural, and emotional distance between the two parties perpetuated the reliance on stereotypes as a means of understanding one another.
Norms of self-determination and claiming independence from imperial powers have defined the twentieth century and have influenced major upheavals in countries with colonial histories. The Egyptian independence movement used multiple tactics to gain autonomy from the British justified by the principle of self-determination. Nationalist leaders in Egypt used the burgeoning norm of self-determination to claim independence by undermining the colonial norm of foreign influence in the domestic functioning of the state through revolutions and widespread public support. These expressions of international norms are important because they have shaped the political climate and tensions in the Middle East. The norms of self-determination and gaining independence from colonial empires have defined the twentieth century.
IMPACT OF THE SEPOY MUTINY ON INDIAN POLITY AND SOCIETY By Isha Naravane Introduction The events of 1857 loom large in Indian History. Some consider it the first great war of independence, others a mere mutiny and some say it was a revolt against existing conditions. Whatever be the case, the most singular consequence for India’s army was how the British now viewed their armed forces in India. Whether the British ruled it as a trading company or as a nation, the use of force and military might was still necessary to occupy and subjugate the subcontinent. The Revolt of 1857 led to a re-organization of the Indian army and this article highlights some of the socio-economic and cultural impacts of this re-organization.
The country’s punch line ever since has been “Unity in diversity” which is a vivid reflection of the ground realities. It is the world’s oldest civilization, nearly 4500 years old which is on the threshold of an emerging economic power in the global scenario. Yet with intense humility as it teaches us “Vasudhaiva Kutumbakam” – meaning “The world is one family”. It imbibes into us the endurance and zest to maintain peace and harmony among
International relations of Southeast Asia have been heavily influenced by outsiders. Please discuss how external forces shaped Southeast Asia during the colonial and Cold War periods. Colonisation refers to the act of taking control of an area and the indigenous people of the area. Southeast Asia was colonised by European countries starting from around the 16th Century to the 18th Century. By the 19th Century, every country was colonised except for Thailand.
With the customer base of 83.05 million as of june 2015. • BSNL Bharat Sanchar Nigam Limited is one of the leading telecommunication companies in India which was funded on 1st October 2000 by the government. The headquarter of BSNL is in New Delhi. BSNL is the oldest telecommunication service provider in India. It is the largest land line telephone provider with 60% market share and the sixth largest mobile service provider and it has 93.29 million customers as of June 2015.