The industrial revolution propelled African imperialism to a level the world had never seen before. During the late 19th century, borders in Europe became difficult to alter and the only way to expand was in other continents like Africa. Europe exposed Africa’s weakness and preyed on them, leaving the continent in disarray. The industrial revolution induced African imperialism for economic prosperity, the rise in cultural and social power, and political motives. Economic prosperity had a major impact on the advancement of African imperialism.
Africa was imperialized by Europeans in 1880s-1940s. Before Africa imperialism they had thousands of different tribes, nations, culture, and languages. Africa had complex trade and different ethnic groups. Europeans took over Africa because abolition slavery, wanted to spread christianity and had new resources. This happened by having more advanced weapons, cooperate with local leader, and took advantage of Africa conflict.
European leaders then became aware of two things: Africa was contained with natural resources, and a scramble of the riches could begin a war between European nations. At the Berlin Conference in 1885, European Nations claimed parts of the African continent through rule of occupation. Though they did not consider the land claims of Africans, they did agree to specific principles concerning colonization, which included free trade, and improving the moral and material well being of Africans. Before European nations stayed away from the African continent, and now powers such as England, France, and Germany want large amounts of land of Africa. Several reasons European nations began to colonize Africa included political competition and ideological superiority; however, economic profit was the primary driving force to imperialize Africa.
In 1884 Europeans met to decide the future of Africa. Africa 's economy was greatly affected and the economic culture there still feels the effects. Africa 's economic culture largely supports other nations economies and damages their own. The production, working, and economic cultures of today are direct consequences of the Industrial and Imperialistic eras. Today 's production process, is setup as a division of
Europe imperialism over Africa resulted in situations where people like King Leopold completely abused and mistreated entire African tribes. But what exactly drove Europe to imperialize Africa? Europeans extended their power over Africa for three reasons: The newly formed economic demand, competition between nations, and the belief in cultural superiority. The European economy was transformed by
Africa had maintained its own cultural and traditional values, identities and history until the Europeans came to the continent and started relations with them in terms of trade, especially slave trade and then colonizing the continent. There were different witnesses to the African development before colonization. For instance, ancient Egypt-Nubia civilization was great and long-lived civilization in Africa and could be assumed as the sources of World civilization (Johnson, 1939). Then the civilizations emerged in Axum, Ghana, Zimbabwe and others could be good evidences for ancient development of the continent. Therefore, until starting of the slave trade and other trade activities like gold, ivory, etc, Africans could maintain their own histories,
Attempts by Europe and the West to modernize Africa seem to leave Africa increasingly alienated from its own history and culture. Caught betwixt influences from neo-colonialism and cravings for self-actualization, Africa’s increasing dilemma seems to produce a continuum of setbacks featuringin matters such aspolitics, statehood, industrialization, agriculture, fashioncultureand economy.Aptly, Sanford Ungar describes Basil Davidson’s The Black Man’s Burden: Africa and the Curse of the Nation-State as probably the most concise indictment available of how colonialism and neo-colonialism, with help from capitalism and communism,turned the continentof Africa upside down.Davidson’s discourseis of major importance, not only about Africa, but about
Building hospitals, schools, and factories helped in creating more jobs for the people were the ways of making countries civilized. Making African products become more valuable to the international market helped Africa a lot as it gave them a good amount of money. Better medical care and sanitation which caused higher lifespans, increased agriculture products, and higher literary rates in Africa and India. It helped a lot in giving the weak countries new western technologies, transportaton, and war techniques. This advancement in technology increased population and food production, benefitting everyone.
European political rivalry for Africa’s land only intensified the already tense situation, giving further reason for European countries to colonize Africa. When European countries realized the incredible natural resources Africa held during the first few years of exploration,
The next advancement created by the Europeans was the imperialism across Africa. Many different countries started to invade Africa without regards of the of the Africans, for their own benefit and it spread so many negative effects to the African people. The final reason that shows how the negative effects of industrialization and imperialism were far greater than the positive ones, is how many of the outcomes are still visible and occurring today. The Industrial Revolution was a time of new inventions and methods of production, such as factory work. The results of industrialism led to many positive, such as the many new advancements, and negative effects, including the hardships and burdens placed on the people, but the hardships the people gained outweighed the positive effects.