Social globalization describes an exchange of values, ideas and it has facilitated the promotion of equality, dignity and human rights. Finally, the major effect of globalization is produced in the world economy. The aim of globalization is the growth of the global economy by giving firms a superior competitive position with lower cost through free trade and by increasing the number of consumers, products and services. Some people said it helps developing nation-states to “catch up” the industrialized ones and it improves the overall standard of living. Nonetheless, there is a risk for smaller companies that cannot compete in an international market and world governments should promote international investments and try to eliminate barriers to trade even if it causes them some
“Today most people’s identities, not just Western intellectuals are shaped by more than a single culture”, said (Sotshangane, 2002). (Sotshangane, 2002) further says that, the concept of globalization on the other hand, assumes that cultures are becoming the same as the world. Globalization is a concept of uniformization, preferable following the Western model. Globalization in this essay seems to promote not separation, but exchange and interaction of different cultures. Change is always a feature of life and globalisation like any other trend or new phenomenon can be seen as a threat.
Globalization has allowed the integration of many different cultures, the transmission of different values and ideas to enhance social relations and connectivity, and establish interconnectedness. Like Manfred Steger mentioned in his book Globalization: a contested concept, globalization is not one process but rather a “set of processes”. The set of processes integrate the concepts of hard or soft power that work toward achieving the interconnectedness between different nations. Hard power can be defined as using economic or military means to influence, which is a coercive approach to obtaining power whereas soft power is the opposite, and to quote what Joseph Nye, renowned International Theorist said, is the “ability to get what you want through attraction rather than coercion or payments” and this is a more persuasive approach to obtaining power or influence. This paper will be focusing on the cultural aspect of globalization, and various examples will be provided to demonstrate how they incorporate hard or soft power to create influence.
Along with products and finances, ideas and cultures circulate more freely. As a result, laws, economies, and social movements are forming at the international level. They consider not only the Globalization of the Economy but also the Globalization of Law, of Politics and of Environment. Nowadays, not only the above sites of globalization mentioned, we are going to talk about the Globalization of Social Culture. Technology has now created the possibility and even the likelihood of a global culture.
In developing countries it can be witnessed in a western style of dressing, use of cellular phones and popular usage of the English language among other things, bring about deep-seated changes in conventional local cultures, values and traditions. Rising as a tributary to economic globalization, cultural globalization is slowly replacing the traditional nation-state and homogenizing cultures and conversely a loss of individual, national and ethnic cultural identities. Whilst cultural globalization can be a profoundly enriching process, opening minds to new ideas, experiences and strengthening the finest universal values of humanity, it also brings intrusions into the local norms, cultures and traditions of individual countries. Many cultures, particularly indigenous people, treasure their culture as their richest heritage, without which they have no roots or soul. Their culture cannot be quantified.
This trade relationship could be deepened by pursuing a Regional Integration Agreement (regionalism) as an added strategy. Regional Integration Agreements (RIAs) are usually constructed for rapid commercial expansion. However, the developments within the developing countries would be quite different from this generalisation; regionalism within this offers much more than just commercial expansion. Developing nations are characterised by their small size in land space and economies, regionalism allows the ability to overcome these limiting and stifling issues among others like undeveloped markets, limited resources, institutional deficiencies and weak policies of the member states. The development of regional institutions that balance tensions is one of the benefits.
Globalization in Culture - enriching or destroying national identity People are enormously influenced by foreign culture. Reality shows, TV series, McDonaldization refer not only to a cultural exchange, but also to an increasing transnational similarity. Western innovations and ideas are seen as a significant development and they are really a way for the young people to expand their horizons. However, the enrichment of one 's own identity should not lead to the forsaking of national culture and traditions. I often see myself as a victim of Americanization.
Erla Zwinggle, in Globalization, quoted that “More like a thin but sticky coating than a powerful acid, this cosmopolitan culture of communications networks and the information media seems to overlay rather than supplant the cultures it interacts with.” It means the cultures of different nations have effects upon each other, select as well as transform them. However,
Globalization and it 's Impact Globalization is the process of making people more interdependent economically, socially and politically. Environmental and technological interdependence on one another plays a key role as well. One of the main questions that arises when globalization is discussed is to what extent should it be embraced? When examining the definition above most people may come to the conclusion that it allows cultures, ideas and beliefs to spread, which would result in development, correct, to a certain extent. In the given source, Cheney is speaking from a western setting, which results in him for globalization instead of against because the western world usually enjoys the benefits of it, while developing nations do not.
Germain) Globalization is the action or procedure of international integration arising from the interchange of worldviews, products, ideas, and other aspects of culture. Obviously, its impact on world is significant. According to certain perspectives, globalization can be thought of in terms of the “winners” and “losers” of the new global order. Both orientations agree that the lines and separations of economic benefit are changing. On one hand, neo-liberals view this as largely a good thing.