Leaders in organizations provide leadership by shaping employee behaviors in a number of ways such as through building team spirit, setting a well-defined vision and motivating coupled with guiding employees. Organizational behavior is defined as the examination and application of understanding on how people and individuals along with groups behave in organizations. In other words, it defines people-organization relationship in relation to the whole individual, whole team, entire organization, and entire social system. Its intent is to shape relationships in a positive way by realizing social goals and human objectives along with organizational goals (Yukl et al. 2013).
a) Importance of Organizational Structure and Culture Organisational Structure The structural plan that decides hierarchical arrangement in an organization is the Meaning of organizational structure. It describes the methods of work distribution, orientation and other activities such as management to gain the are carried out in order to achieve goal of organization. Organizational structure mainly divided into three. 1. Functional structure: it improves particular section in an organization according of skills and works and associates their workers into particular section of functional areas.
The leaders will know the ways to behave in order to sustain effective leadership. This can improve the competency of the organization as well as the leadership style applied are correct and appreciate. Besides, organization gain advantages when the competency improved. When the competency of the organizations improved, the performance and the efficiency of the organization increased. 1.7 Limitations of study There are a lot of limitations in this study.
In the beginning of EMS the most dominant style of leadership was based on a transactional approach,rewarding those individuals that follow procedures with positive incentives and reprimanding those that do not with reprimands. However,times are rapidly changing and the servant style of leadership is quickly becoming more acceptable and recognized throughout the industry. The field of EMS is unique, sometimes posing unconventional issues that must be addressed, in addition to those that occur on a daily basis. The servant style of leadership can become an effective and preferred method of leadership when applied in a balanced method. This style of leadership places the emphasis on nurturing the needs of the subordinate employees.
Since structural leadership provides rules, possibilities, and boundaries for individual’s organizational behaviour, it affects the perceived task uncertainty, the degree of employee participation and organizational support. Moreover, structural leadership is related to organizational incentives, that is benefits and
It is essential to the organization especially during this complex environment. Tariq et al. (2011) mentioned that high adaptability can help the organization gain competitiveness advantages. This is because the adaptive leader can recognise the change of the environment and prepare to perform better which can lead to sustain the competitive advantages among the competitors. The adaptability also important when the organization is facing a diversity of the workforce (Yukl & Mashud, 2010).
Organizing: This management function refers to the overall design of the organization or the specific division, unit, or service for which the manager is responsible. Further, it means designating reporting relationships and intentional patterns of interaction. Determining positions, teamwork assignments, and distribution of authority and responsibility are critical components of this function. 3. Staffing: This function refers to acquiring and retaining human resources.