They can hack into any device that connected into the internet and control it to harm us like your phone. So the government should have a law against computer crimes because the damage caused by blackmailing, destroying other computers like electricity companies, banks and personal computers, and stealing databases like people identities and work. First of all, some hackers steal records of employee’s workplace, their social security numbers and their work assignments or projects which will affect negatively on their life. For example, some hackers sell projects to any competitive companies for a high price or their credit card information to buy with it. According to Ellen Nakashima (2015), a reporter in The Washington Post newspaper, article that talked about
Also individuals as well as the government are able to hack into our computers and find out what they want to know. Surveillance cameras are a big deal in today 's world as well, as they spy on the average person as they go about their daily routine. In today 's society cell phones are a big controversy. As it states in the article That 's No Phone. That 's My Tracker, “The
Secondly let me talk about the effect of cybercrime in our society today. Becoming the victim of cybercrime can have long-lasting effects on your life. One common technique scammers employ is phishing, sending false emails purporting to come from a bank or other financial institution requesting personal information. If you hand over this information, it can allow the criminal to access your bank and credit accounts, as well as open new accounts and destroy your credit rating. According to EWeek (2012) a survey of large companies found an average expenditure of $8.9 million per year on cyber security, with 100 percent of firms surveyed reporting at least one malware incident in the preceding 12 months and 71 percent reporting the hijacking of company computers
At the time people benefited from the powerful function of the Internet, they had to face the more and more information security problem of the Internet. The technologies not only facilitated the crime prevention and policing practices, but also offered new methods of crime for criminals. With the increased use of technologies by law enforcement in fighting against the criminals, the criminals were getting crafty and seeking out new loopholes to exploit. The crime on computer broke the limitation of time and place compared with the traditional crimes. At the same time, the increase of scope and virtual nature of the Internet enhanced the difficulties for law enforcement to trace the individuals involved committing crimes.
In 2007, China cyber espionage was sentenced to 11 years by Russia as he has passed the information about the rocket and space technology organization to China. China cyber espionage was being widely spread at that time. Technology of United States included aerospace engineering programs, space shuttle design, C4ISR data, high-performance computers, nuclear weapon design, cruise missile data, semiconductors, integrated circuit design, and details of US arms was sold to Taiwan. For the financial aspect, cyberwarfare may lead to the malfunctioning of financial infrastructure, the most basic will be the attacks on ATMs, disrupts offline and online transactions as well as nation banks’ internal accounting systems. It leads to a huge loss to a country.
There are many types of cybercrimes and the most common ones are explained below: 2.4.1 Cyber Stalking This is a kind of online harassment wherein the victim is subjected to a barrage of online messages and emails. Typically, these stalkers know their victims and instead of resorting to offline stalking, they use the Internet to stalk. However, if they notice that cyber stalking is not having the desired effect, they begin offline stalking along with cyber stalking to make the victims’ lives more miserable. According to the International Journal of Advanced Research in Computer Science and Software Engineering, cyber stalking is expressed or implied a physical threat that creates fear through the use to computer technology such as internet, e-mail, phones, text messages, webcam, websites or videos. According to The International Journal of Engineering and Science (IJES), the fraudster follows the victim by distributing mails and entering the chat rooms
The search engines on the internet help you find information on any topic but so does it encourage crime such as online fraud. Interestingly, the effectiveness of a spear-phishing attack rises from 3% to 70% when private personal information is accessed easily online or hacked through open source websites. (Fichardt,2015). Cybercrime stats posted by the south African Banking Risk Information Center show that South Africans lose in excess of R22 billion to internet fraud and phishing attacks annually. (Fichardt,2015).
Among the many security issues that now affect computer users, there is a growing threat within era of internet technology is known as "phishing". Online frauds in bank with phishing usually appear to come from a well-known organization and ask for your personal information such as credit card number, social security number, account number or password. In order for Internet criminals to successfully "phish" your personal information, they will almost always trick you to click a link that takes you to a web site where your personal information is requested. Legitimate organizations would never request this information of internet consumers via email. Internet frauds is the use of Internet services or software with Internet access to defraud victims or take advantage of them using email, web sites, chat rooms to present fraudulent solicitations to prospective victims, to conduct fraudulent transactions or to transmit the proceeds of fraud to financial institutions or to others connected with the scheme.
Crime is a common word that we always heard in this globalization era. The rapid growth of the internet and computer technology over the past few years had caused to the growth of the new crime which is cybercrime throughout the world. Wordpress (n.d), research revealed that the history of cybercrime happens when computers and networks came into being in the 1990s, hacking was done basically to get more information about the systems and hackers even competed against one another to win the tag of the best hacker, as a result, many networks were affected. There are a lot of definitions for cybercrime. According to Joseph (2006), cybercrime is defined as crimes committed on the internet using the computer as either a tool or a targeted victim
Similarly, in the cyber space these new technological advancements can be used for promoting the progress of mankind or for commission of a crime. There exist a new breed of criminals who cause damage to computer systems, mobile phones, electronic commerce and so on. Cybercrime is a fast-growing area of crime. It is a threat to national and international socio-economic, political and security system. More and more criminals are exploiting the speed, convenience and anonymity of the Internet to commit a diverse range of criminal activities that know no borders, either physical or virtual, cause serious harm and pose very real threats to victims worldwide.