Impact Of Decentralization On Poverty Reduction

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Factors determine the impact of decentralization on poverty reduction
Decentralization as a policy option comes not in to being in a vacuum. Its foundation is largely conditioned by a specific country socio-economic and political context, and by the process of decentralization hence it varies from country to country as per their variation of their context (Jutting et al, 2004). The background of the country and its impact on poverty reduction is among others, dependent on: the density of country’s population, the level of infrastructure, the level of income, the degree of inequalities across sub units etc., can have their impact on poverty reduction. For instance, the population with low density leading to scale loss effects can make the provision of public services expensive thus hindering poverty reduction. A country with low national income makes fewer resources available for poverty reduction. In addition, If a country is found itself low educational level accompanied with weak culture of accountability, it would hardly possible for the poor to participate in local affairs and hence it little/ or no impact on poverty reduction. The nature of social institutions and the extent and existence of the doctrine of check and balance might contribute a favorable environment or hindered the participation of poor groups in particular and on poverty reduction process in general.
Regarding the process of decentralization as a factor that determine decentralization role on poverty,

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