What are two Greek city-states that you know? I know two popular city-states of Ancient Greece: Sparta and Athens. Sparta and Athens are known as city-state with many contrasting beliefs. Sparta was a strict military society while Athens was a free democracy. Sparta prohibited any new ideas while Athens accepted it.
It is true that the Roman military power made Latin a lingua franca to a certain limit. As J.N Adam (2013) and Bruno Rochette (2014) suggest in their writings (2013), Latin language, started to spread from the city center (Rome) to the provinces, because of its high status among local elites within Italy and nearby provinces. As the Roman Empire started to grow so did its influence in legal and political matters. Any military or official legal matters were to be conducted in Latin. As such to enforce their presence the Romans used the army, as their prime instrument to strengthen the Roman Empire.
Stephen King and Socrates show a great deal of similarities in their writing. King and Socrates are intellectual thinkers and both authors prove this to be true. In “On Being Condemned To Death”, by Socrates, the author delivers the speech in the belief that the speech wasn’t delivered for a lack of ingenuity, but more so lack of impudence. Socrates believed that he would be disgracing himself if he lowered his standards to not deliver one last speech. There is an ample amount of evidence that suggests Socrates delivered his death speech in order to not outrun death, but to outrun wickedness, which was far more dangerous.
Athens and Sparta, located between the Aegean and the Ionian Sea, allied with each other in the Greco-Persian war. Due to the advanced and powerful navy of Athens incorporation with the well-built army of Sparta, they gained victory over the Persian Empire. After the victory, Athens gained wealth and dominance over the other Greek societies causing tensions between Sparta. They both share similarities towards their cultural background but had different views in creating an ideal society in addition to their state’s place in the world. Moreover, they differ from the concepts of a well trained or educated society and a well built military, but share similarities in their government format.
Introduction Socrates was a renowned philosopher for his method of learning and inquiry known as the Socratic Method . However this inquiry led him to expose Government corruption and be annoying to the powerful people of Athens. In the end though Socrates was primarily put on trial for the atrocities his students committed. Socrates loved Athens, even though his students harmed the state, he was not guilty of his charges nor of Athens ' loss in the Peloponnesian War. The Oracle at Delphi answered no to the question "Is anyone wiser than Socrates?"
348-353) (explanation 1) Aeneas’s statement is full pietas, he feels that must rush to the defense of country, no matter how grave the danger. (ex 2) Pietas or sense of duty that Aeneas displayed was one of the main virtues that built the Roman Empire and allowed the empire prosper for centuries. (ex3) Schleiner’s also highlighted the importance of Aeneas’s pietas in his paper over interpretation of “Aeneid”. (transition) Some may argue that Aeneas is searching for glory and this has nothing to do with his duty, while that could be true in some case, in this case it is his duty to his
Despite their similarities, the biggest difference between Rome and Carthage was that Rome was in the process of trying to include all their citizens in matters of the state. While the Roman Republic began as an aristocracy, the Plebeians were slowly gaining the right to representation in their government. In addition, Rome made efforts to give outlying territories some of the same rights that were given to their naturalized citizens. This gave Rome the advantage of loyal citizens that Carthage did not have (Morey, 1901). Carthage, on the other hand, relied upon an army of mercenaries and the strength of a single leader, instead of the governmental organization that Rome used (Morey, 1901).
After the death of Alexander the Great in 323 B.C., three kingdoms emerged from the empire: Antigonids in Macedonia, Seleucid in the Near East, and the Ptolemaic in Egypt. These three kingdoms marked the Hellenistic Age and the cosmopolitan culture that was different from the classical Greek traditions. The domestic trade routes between each respective regions were initially pushed by the kings in order to create a self-sufficient country instead of solely depending on international trade with other nations. This allowed for a rapid movement of culture to a society that quickly began to regard the accumulation of the cosmopolitan view of the world as important; duly, this created a wide expanse of interest and accessibility to the idea of learning. The increased prosperity from the open trade created a new era of homogenized culture between the kingdoms.
The main objective of this essay is to describe and investigate the structure of the government in the ancient Greece’s most powerful city states, namely, Athens and Sparta. Both city states have gone through various cycles of wars, reforms, social upheaval and unrests, and each of these elements has had influenced the development of the governmental systems that we have bettered or inherited today. Athenians saw the need for fundamental changes in the government, allowing them to pave the way for direct participation of their citizens and citizen’s initiative in the democracy and elimination of the some oligarchical elements. The Sparta, although not as democratic as Athens, allowed women to be far more than reproductive machines whom were expected to live only to please the men. However, the militarized society of Sparta and the warrior mindset didn’t chose alienation of the masses over the integration of the weakest members of the society.
154). If we clarify this idea, feeding and maintaining this large army had been embodied with the help of domestic producers. Development of the domestic market certainly, attracted the people who were living the around, even the out of the borders of Roman Empire. This strategy helped the Roman Empire to extend its borders, and propagandize Roman style. Thus, based on Campbell’s point it should be said that this process of militarization had enormous influence on the Romanization process.