Key Concept 7.1 I. In what way did the United States continue to industrialize during this time and what caused this industrialization? During this time, the United States continued its industrialization as people moved from farms to cities and small farms were consolidated into large farms. Though both rural and urban areas grew, urban areas generally grew faster, going from 20% to 68% urban population during this time period. Despite more than 1 million farms being claimed during this under the Homestead Act, areas such as the Imperial Valley of California consolidated small farms into commercial enterprises during this same period, and rural areas simply could not keep up with urban areas in terms of growth.
The discovery and application of new power resources and the establishment of factory system boosted productivity and the development of economy, which lead to the population exposure. However, the increasingly unbalanced distribution of wealth accompanied with industrialization separated people into different classes, and conflicts between middle classes and laboring classes became particularly serious. As a consequence, Socialism by Marx was spread and accepted by proletarians. As a globalized revolution, industrialization in different places shared general processes. New energy was adopted in industry, and factories as work organizations were built, which caused the increase of productivity, and the variations in class relationships.
In “Immigration by Decade”, the table shows that from 1861-1910 the total amount of immigrants in America increased from 2.3 million to 8.8 million. This influx of immigrants were able to work quickly after arriving because all of these big industries needed a lot of labor workers. This led to success for many businesses in America. In opposition to this, this influx of immigration did bring negatives with them. All of these immigrants going to the same urban areas led to cities being very over crowded.
The Industrial Revolution The Industrial Revolution was an evolution of working and manufacturing practices taking place between the years 1760 to about 1940. This evolution meant that workers were being traded for machines and factories started opening up as the introduction of steam power was used and manipulated into producing products much faster than by hand. Many people moved into fast-growing cities in the hopes of finding a job in the new factories that rose in light of the revolution. Due to the rapid growth of cities during the industrial revolution, the living conditions of the lower classes declined quite quickly. Whole families would work at factories to increase their standard of living, as wages during the revolution were very
The Indutrial Revolution began in Britain in the 1700’s and spread throughout different parts of world. During this peiriod, vast amounts of people started moving from rural areas to urban areas looking for better job opportunities. Prior to the Industrail Revoliution, manuafcturing was often done in people’s homes. Slowly indutrialization established new machinery including the devlopment of the steam engine along with iron and textile industries. This was a great advancemt for the United States.
The Industrial Revolution was a time where everything moved from handmade, distinctive items to ordinary items being made from machines inside of factories. This movement was due to many factors, including population growth, improved methods of transportation, and financial innovations. Population growth led to increased demands on products and the handmade way of producing these items just wasn’t fast enough for the growing demand. Financial innovations included more banks being built and with this the people were urged to take bigger risks. The improved methods of transportation allowed businesses to reach, communicate, and trade with other businesses and companies worldwide and transport their good to customers all over the nation.
Without immigrants, the U.S. economy will eventually collapse. As discussed earlier, immigration has economic effects such as expanding the market, because immigrants are able to bring various skills to the tables. Aside from that, immigrants also help America with its GDP because most of the immigrants who enter U.S. start their own business. By starting their own business, they are able to generate more jobs. Wages are also improved because of immigrants.
We can especially see this as cities start to become walking cities because the population is increasing more than the cities can handle. The population in of itself was not the problem. The cities inability to support the population was the real problem. As population rose in these cities tenement housing became a cheap solution. These tenements show exactly how cities were not ready to support so many people.
Although internal migration in the US had a big impact on the US in numerous ways, overall international migration was more significant because it lead to an exponential growth of US population and lead to the US becoming one of the most culturally diverse and complex countries in the world. While international migration was extremely important, internal migration within the US also had a significant impact. Post-Reconstruction US was a very difficult time for many groups of people within the US. These people, specifically blacks, struggled to get and maintain jobs due to Jim Crow laws and severe racism and segregation. Sharecropping also limited the amount former slaves could rise on the social ladder, as it was basically a legal form of segregation.
Cultural changes could be seen everywhere and the politics had a strong influence in the industrial revolution. Before the industrial revolution, people lived and worked on farms. Goods were made by hand and animals provided power. During this time however people left the past behind, and a new middle class was created, consisting of industrialists and businessmen. Workers left their farms and moved to work in the cities.