South Sea Islander Experiences and Contributions in Queensland Prior to 1905. South Sea Islanders were brought to Australia to work on the cotton plantations and later in the cane fields in the 1860s. At first the Islanders worked on the cotton plantation but soon moved to the sugar cane fields.
As the world grew more populated, to many Australians it seemed that Great Britain was both a physically long way and also very different to Australia. The Australia of pre World War II was now very different to the Australia colonised by the British so many years earlier. In 1919, Australia had, for the very first time, been considered a fully self-governing nation and was asked independently of Great Britain to be a part of the Treaty of Versailles (Carrodus, Delany and McArthur, 2012). Prior to this, Britain was responsible for all political agreements for Australia (Museum of Australian Democracy).
With Irish slave owners beginning to abduct and obtain people as not just retaliatory means against the Scandinavian forces but also other Irish, not just for personal slavery but for sale as well. With several events where Irish clans would take hundreds of slaves, such as Uí Néill who captured as many as “twelve hundred” in a raid in 1031 and Ardgar mac Lochlainn in 1059 and 1062 taking 200 and 1,000 captives, respectively. This Irish slave trade developed further in the 11th century when Viking raids declined, probably due to peaceful Viking settlement in Dublin and as peaceful slave trade began. It is even suggested that the Irish slave trade became incredibly large and even contributed massively to the Scandinavian slave trade, with most of the captives from Irish-on-Irish raids being directly funnelled into the Scandinavian slave trade in Dublin.
In the 143 years since Gardiner was thrown out of Australia their has been a lot of differing accounts of his origins in NSW? The general consenses was that according to his prison records Gardiner was stated as having been born and raised at Boro, near Goulburn. However, confusion in some quarters still abounds as to those matters. As with everything concerning Gardiner there is an air of mystery and many falsehoods, that for the time was a benifit to the career criminal, but now, with new and easy access to much that in years gone by would drive a researcher insane, the advent of Trove thru the NLA and Ansestry provides the patient searcher with unqualified truth regarding much about Gardiner and the other bushrangers associated with his
Although most business owners and citizens in the Mission Hill area started out as Irish Catholics, today more than fifty percent of citizens are non white. Because of this diversity in the area, local businesses in the area are also diverse. It is hard to tell whether or not the majority of business owners live in Mission Hill or commute, but it is likely that some live in the area. Whether or not this is true, the flow of money in and out of the area is greatly affected by this, especially if owners of local businesses are spending their salaries on raw materials outside of Mission Hill. There might be owners that are able to get raw materials from the weekly farmers market that comes to the area, but it depends what business they are running and how much they are able to spend after paying taxes and
During the time of the Industrial Revolution the British Empire (as well as the French and Spanish, to name a few) was expanding. People no longer felt confused by their locality, but rather were inclined to travel. As Source B shows the image of the ship, around 11 000 000 slaves who were housing convicts, were forcibly removed from their countries from around 1500 to the 1850’s. However, some people also wanted to move to have a better lifestyle for themselves and their children. This therefore colonised Australia because most of the convicts were transported to other countries including Australia, America, Canada and South Africa.
One of the issue that Australia is facing is asylum seekers traveling by boat and leaving their countries since their home countries due to war and terror to seek for a better life. Unfortunately that according to Australian Human rights commission that the Australian policy in 1992 that all non-citizen, including children, who seek entrance to Australia without legal visa are detained and most detainee are in detention centre. The biggest concern that asylum seekers are place in immigration centre which include children. There is 215 children in closed immigration dentition facilities and 642 children in community detention in Australia.
The general population: the general public/society within Australia have remained torn between adopting and rejecting racism in the Australian culture, throughout Australia’s federation, and so racism’s spatial distribution has been widespread but very dilute and pocketed across the continent. Throughout the twentieth century, where Australia was relatively new and very proud (ideas involved with the world wars) most Australian’s embraced racism, especially working groups such as the miners and the farmers who competed for work with immigrants of different racial backgrounds (these immigrants included Italian, Chinese and Pacific Islander.) however as time has continued, and as Australia has grown significantly more culturally diverse, many
The issue on voting rights of people who have committed a felony is very important one, because it has had a significant impact from voting turnout in recent elections. According to The Sentencing Project, approximatively 5.3 millions of people were unable to vote due to a felony conviction in the 2008 election. This number affects mostly minorities group such African American and Latino who make up more than 60 % of prison population despite being only 28% of US population (We The People, 330). Until this law is revere, this number will continue to growth with minorities unfairly excluded from voting at much higher rate. Consequently, these restrictions have had and will continue to impact the voting turnout in US at federal and local election.
Homeless services in Ireland have changed quite significantly over the past few years and there has been more of a public focus and public outcry for more resources to be put into the housing sector to get more people off the street. People would generally see homelessness as living on the streets, however both the FEANTAS and the 1988 Housing Act have looked to create a more comprehensive definition of homelessness. The European federation that works with homelessness is FEANTAS and they have created a typology in ETHOS which shows that homelessness is not just something that happens out of nowhere but is a process that can include a variety of living situations which can equate to being homeless, this includes: “rooflessness (without a shelter
Mass Incarceration and Minority Communities Mass incarceration within the United State of America is a controversial topic in politics today because of the negative effects it has on minority communities. “The United States leads the world in the percentage of its population that serves time in prison or jail.1,2 As of 2012, nearly 7 million men and women are on probation, parole, or under some other form of community supervision, which means that nearly 3% of the American adult population is currently involved in correctional supervision,” (Hatzenbuehler, Keyes, Hamilton, and Uddin, 2015). How does it affect the minority communities?
ASRC heavily relies on donations and is the largest provider of aid, legal and health services to people seeking asylum in Australia. Since 2001, the ASRC has assisted over 10,000 people seeking asylum, providing 2.5 million hours of free assistance worth more than $200 million. In Australia, the controversial beliefs about asylum seekers and refugees’ rights has been distorted by myths and misconceptions. Many people believe that it is illegal but it is a human right to seek asylum by boat in Australia (UN Refugee Convention and Australian Migration Act 1958).
Throughout history, there were many people who viewed the United States as a one-way boat ride to complete freedom. Freedom from their country, whether it was undergoing a depression, dictatorship or a famine. The opening of Ellis Island in 1892 was one of the most unforgettable dates in America’s history. When the immigrants came through the island, they realized that it wasn’t just people from their country, but from all around the world. The millions of immigrants who came to America were mainly from southern and eastern Europe, consisting mainly of Italians, Greeks and Jews.
As of September 26, 2015, there is a total of 93,821 inmates in prison for drug offenses, which is equivalent to 48.4 percent of the prison population. The use of illegal narcotics has been an issue within the country for decades; however, is incarceration the way to solve this problem? I think not. During the late 1960’s, poverty was a substantial issue within urban cities and secluded rural areas. On the other hand, recreational drug usage promoted by fashionable young, white Americans as a symbol of social upheaval and youthful rebellion coincided with the deprivation within many of these areas.
It was no anomaly to see the signs of “No Irish Need Apply,” because prior to the mass immigration of Asians, the Irish were the heart and anti immigration fervor. In modern America, immigration politics are reminiscent of previous American culture uprisings. As the globalized economy has evolved, an uneasiness in communities across America has developed. A misunderstanding of other cultures and and traditions has fostered a nationalistic attitude that has translated into a reactionary movement from the right. Calls of “building walls,” and deporting millions of Mexican Americans to Mexico is the modern anti immigration movement.