Child Rearing Styles Essay

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A persons fate of destiny is significantly shaped by family and parental techniques for raising children and families ' training systems are considered amongst the most essential factors for a child’s character formation. These can serve as constraining or reassuring factors in their growth process. (Kamijani M, Maher F. 2007 ).The impact of parenting on the development of their children have been a study of importance by developmental psychologists. However, the connection between the definite actions of parents and the subsequent behaviours of children is very difficult to find.
In an early 1960s, study conducted by Diana Baumrind on more than 100 preschool-age children, using parental interviews, research methods and also naturalistic observation
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Baumrind defines the parenting style as the parental control function which is divided into three methods, namely authoritarian, authoritative and permissive (Mounts et al., 1994). The authoritarian child rearing style is identified with severe control, high restriction, rough and disharmonious discipline and a low level of emotional support. Evidence shows that the authoritarian style has a negative relationship with behavioural consequences including aggression, externalization and lower emotional function. On the other hand, the authoritative child rearing style is identified with high levels of emotional support, proper independency and a mutual relationship between parents and children. Based on the research conducted, this parenting style has a positive effect on educational advancement, more self-sufficiency, less misbehaviour, and a better relationship with the peers (Laali-Faz & Askari, 2008). Finally, a lack of parental control and good response to children’s needs, which is called permissive child rearing style, leads to their delinquency and aggression for a lack of supervision and negligence on the part of parents (Bayrami,
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