Poverty is a big problem in Bosnia and Herzegovina and in the world. In the world, it is estimated that 1,4 billion people live at poverty line of $1,25 or below, (Global Issues, 2014). Besides the poverty, a lot of other issues are present, such as lack of clean water, famine and diseases. Some 1.1 billion people in developing countries have inadequate access to water, and 2.6 billion lack basic sanitation, (Global Issues, 2014). The most of the poverty is present in Africa and in the countries of the Third World.
This paper is inspired by the two articles “Oman’s Diverse Society: Northern Oman” by J.E. Peterson and the second chapter of the book “Tanzania in Transition” by Kjell Havnevik. We live in a world where “the wealth of the one percent richest people in the world amounts to $110 trillion. That’s 65 times the total wealth of the bottom half of the world’s population” (Shin, 2014, para 2). Poverty is defined as the lack of basic human needs; and Africa is known to be the poorest continent, in which Tanzania is one of the poorest countries in that continent.
Why are there poor countries? Some countries are poor because they lack natural resources, while several are full off and do not know how to use them in order to achieve their economic potential. One of the best examples is Nigeria. It has resources, but does not know how to exploit them. Nigeria Nigeria, the largest country in Africa, whose population was estimated to 178,516,904.0 million in 2014 is also unexpectedly reported to fight absolute poverty; 60.9% of Nigerians lived in absolute poverty in 2010.
POVERTY IN UGANDA Poverty is the deprivation of common necessities such as food, clothing, shelter, and safe drinking water, all of which determine our quality of life. Poverty has a variety of types which include; Absolute poverty This is the lack of resources necessary for well-being. For example, food, water, housing, sanitation and health care. Relative poverty This is the lack of material and economic resources compared with some other population. Human poverty index It includes deprivation of a long healthy life, deprivation of knowledge, deprivation of decent living standards Uganda has made enormous progress in reducing poverty, slashing the countrywide incidence from 56 percent of the population in 1992 to 24.5 percent in 2009.
The pest has also shown a rising bias the past couple accounting for the nations low development indicators and its ranking alongside the poorest nation in the world (united nation, 2001 and OXFAM, 2003). The question is why are Nigerians poor despite the formable of government? Edoh (2003:71) summary the answer by identifies the cause of poverty in Nigeria which is corruption and embezzlement, poor leadership, lack of basic infrastructure and rapid population growth The Way Forward and Recommendation for Nigeria
“And they die quietly in some of the poorest villages on earth, far removed from the scrutiny and the conscience of the world. Being meek and weak in life makes these dying multitudes even more invisible in death.” (United Nations Development program, 2007).All over the world, poverty has always been present in all countries. To demonstrate this fact, a study in 2005 shows that 40 percent of South Asian people and 52 percent of Saharan African people live in severe poverty where in both countries people there are living on less than (4.59 AED) a day (Iceland, 2013). Poverty is affecting thousands of people per day. Moreover there are three main causes of poverty: Natural disasters, lack of education, and unemployment.
The study of chronic poverty in Indian context has attracted major attention in recent times. India is country housing major proportion of rural households, who are vulnerable and susceptible to poverty. There exists rich literature on the rural poverty and its causes within the Indian context. However, delving deeper in, chronic poverty and its relationship with migration has received much attention only in the recent times. Chronic Poverty is a state of extreme poverty which makes it impossible for people to escape, given their lack of resources and assets.
RURAL POVERTY IN THE PHILIPPINES In the Philippines, poverty remains mainly as a rural phenomenon, but urban poverty is on the rise. A large portion of the population’s poor is found in the rural and agricultural areas. Primarily, farmers and fishers are experiencing the extremes of poverty since their livelihood doesn’t provide them with much income. However, there is an increasing number of poor households in urban areas, typically found in the informal sector. These people were
( Poverty in Africa ) There are 233 million people in Africa are hungry . This is the second largest number of hungry people in the world as Asia has the first largest number due to the larger population in Asia ( UN food and agriculture organization , 2014 ) . poverty is the condition of not having the means to afford basic human needs like nutrition , clean water , clothing , healthcare , food , and a place to live . Africa is the richest continent with its recourses and fertile land as it produce 22% of the gold and 65% of the diamond in the world yearly , not only gold and diamond it is also a big producer of cobalt , silver , iron , copper , uranium , bauxite , petroleum and cocoa beans . how can this rich continent become the poorest
Poverty is a wise spread evil in the world, particularly in Asia and Africa countries. It is greatest challenge to the mankind. A strange paradox exists in Indian society one the one hand there are millions of people who are not able to get minimum basic needs of life. Poverty is a situation in which a section of the people in a country is unable to get the minimum basic needs. Dadabhai Naoroji was the first person to discuss the concept of poverty line even before independence.