Impact Of Poverty In Nigeria

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Introduction Poverty has been a global phenomenon for a long time and it affects most continents, countries and people in different ways. Poverty has been a long standing challenge in Nigeria especially in the rural areas. The low social class and poor living conditions of the inhabitants in the rural areas is an indicator of the poor living conditions of many people in the rural areas. In addition, the focus on the development of the urban areas at the detriments of the rural areas has made the problem worse. According to UNDP (1996), poverty is no longer contained within national boundaries, it has become even globalized and it travels across borders, without a passport, in the forms of drugs, disease, pollution, migration, terrorism and political stability. Poverty is an important concern for social workers everywhere in the world, but there are differences in scope of this phenomenon. Nigeria harbors the largest population of poor people in the sub Saharan Africa despite being the eight largest oil producing country in the world. Nigeria is also ranked 158th on the human development index (Y. Dauda and J. Aderonmu, 2010). High income inequality is also a common feature of the country, which has majority of the wealth, concentrated to a few especially those residing in the urban areas. While it is true that Nigeria has made much progress over the last 30 years and that many of the people today have higher living standards than they did before independence in 1960,
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