Impact Of Sociology In Sociology

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5. SOCIAL EPIDEMIOLOGY AND ITS IMPACT IN THE SOCIETY
The aim of social epidemiology is to identify socio-structural factors that are considered to be the effect of health within a large population. It has been stated that those that normally come from poor social class are the ones that normally get more affected by a disease or an illness, more than those that come from the high class society, those that are wealthy. There are a number of social structural factors that contributes to the effect on the health of the individual namely; social class, income distribution, gender.
5.1. Social class
It has been stated that the link between health and class is useful to help sociologists determine the individual’s class position (Cockerham, 2012:49). According to Weitz (2013:50), social class refers to the individual’s position within a particular society. This has been considered to be one of the most significant component of social epidemiology. It is mostly measured by looking at the factors such as the individual’s income, their education as well their occupation status. However the relationship between the social class and ill health is considered to be the most important one, as it begins at birth where the infant mortality is relatively high between the poor and those that do not have any access to education (Adler and Rehkopf, 2008:248).
Social class affects the society in a sense that it prevents other people that come from low social class to have access to health care

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