In the minds of many Southerners, without slavery, the South and America as a whole, wouldn’t continue to be a growing economic powerhouse, and would lose its culture as a nation where White Christian, males, ruled society. For many, there was no South, no America, without slavery. History has shown time and time again that power corrupts. To hold onto their power, slave owners made sure their slaves were kept uneducated. As it is today, if you’re not born into your wealth, the primary way for people to escape from poverty is through education.
One of our most famous, or infamous, wars was centered around the enslavement of a whole race because white people in the South needed cheap labor and saw themselves as racially superior. However, after the war I have to admit that the Government at least tried with the Reconstruction Amendments. The 15th amendment gave the right to vote to African-American males which was a huge step in the right direction for change. This new amendment definitely benefited the black community considering there was a rise of African-American officeholders during the Reconstruction Era (Foner,
E. B. Du Bois and Booker T. Washington debated whether to confront or appease racist attitudes in the United States. As segregation regimes took hold in the South in the 1890s with the tacit approval of the rest of the country, many African Americans found a champion in Booker T. Washington and adopted his self-help autobiography, Up from Slavery (1901), as their guide book to improve fortunes. Washington portrayed his own life in such a way as to suggest that even the most disadvantaged of black people could attain dignity and prosperity in the South by providing themselves valuable, productive members of society deserving of fair and equal treatment before the law. A classic American success story, Up from Slavery solidified Washington’s reputation as the most eminent African American of the new century.
Critiquing the approach of prominent civil rights activists, who in his view were invested in a strategy of racial uplift that would only benefit a few selected African Americans, by largely upholding the racial and social status quo -- at the cost of the vast majority of Blacks in the country, whose situation was further deteriorating, Carmichael developed his more inclusive, grassroots oriented approach of black empowerment. Countering a politics of respectability that had proved ineffective in changing the hearts and minds of the great majority of Whites, Carmichael advocated a politics that centered on the interests of African Americans in a way that would end what he perceived as a vicious circle, the constant reliance on the fleeting goodwill of Whites. Informed by his own experiences in Lowndes County, Alabama, Carmichael advocated a strategy of local organizing that diverged from the civil rights movement’s narrow focus and dependence on the national Democratic Party. Instead of catering votes to the Democrats and hoping that they would make good on their promises, Carmichael argued that African Americans should form their own organizations. These would function as a power basis for future negotiations in the political realm.
Black populists viewed social progression as a stretch, where it could happen but they had “limited expectations.” African American populists exercised their time attempting to save individuals lives in heated moments of politics and criminal justice. The minorities involved in the progressive moment viewed “racial improvement with the bitterness of having other paths closed by deliberating combination of extreme poverty and the restrictions imposed by white power.” Black populists, such as Rayner, understood that Jim Crow Laws were present, but accepted that these laws in America were systematic. Therefore, African Americans that choose to be progressive, tended to not understand the exclusion of the right to participate because they understood the climates of the
Arthurdale was a part of the New Deal that meant moving laborers to newly built communities for them to become less economically dependent. Due to the failure she had experienced, Eleanor had to go further and find other solutions to solve racial issues. She had met Walter White the Executive Secretary of the NAACP becoming more informed on how bad the situation was. She then started constantly reminding different government officials that action had to take place, especially after she started frequently receiving letters that would describe racial violence and the appalling conditions that African-Americans lived in only because they have a different skin colour. From Eleanor’s actions, it can be assumed that she turned it into her priority to help them, even thought it might have been harder than any of the other social policies she tried to bring about.
Uproar and protest bubbled over in the states after Scott’s failure to obtain his freedom. His case also fueled the North in their battle with the South, since the big topic of the century was “slavery”. They wanted justice for Dred Scott, to rightfully place his ownership in his own hands, to grant him the freedom to live however he pleased and to not have to walk in shackles. Any human should have that basic right, as it says in the constitution. This landmark of a case stood as a breaking point for social reform; motivation to stop the discrimination that ran throughout the country.
However, what those who oppose Black Lives Matter fail to recognize is that the movement was created to elevate the status of the black community in society, not bring down everyone else that is not black. Reverberating the speeches of Martin Luther King Jr. of the Civil Rights movement, Black Lives Matter calls for further equity, attempting to deconstruct institutional racism in America. The revival of movements for black empowerment has brought back a civil unrest to the public that needs answers. The presence of racism never left America, it hid in the shadows and stayed silent for decades. For these reasons, in order to fully stop racism in America, the public must be ready to awaken itself to a reality of negligence.
For example, in the 1960s and 1970s there have been lots of unfairness games playing against the blacks called the Black Power Movement. The Black Power Movement happened during the 1960s and the 1970s in the United States of America. The blacks were affected the most because of their race but both the blacks and the whites were involved in this event. This movement proved to the whites that blacks are as equal as them and should get the same freedom. The Black Power Movement of the 1960s-70s, goals centered around protecting African-Americans from the racist white society.
Throughout American history, African Americans have been treated as unequal to whites and were not given the same rights. People suffered through this belief for a long, difficult time. During the twentieth century, African Americans realized living in a segregated society was unjust and finally decided to make a change. Several individuals rose to power to speak out against segregation and give a voice to those unheard. African Americans unified and fought to create a future in which they were equal.
After the awareness of the slaves’ capabilities and the living in communities with slaves, white people in the North that still supported slavery changed their stance after seeing first hand that black people, not just the few free blacks, were similar to everyone else. After the Underground Railroad, moral code came into question, and with the Constitution demanding all people be equal, the people in the North could no longer bear to uphold slavery. The Underground Railroad was risky and dangerous, but it furthered racial equality by creating a coalition against slavery and by freeing African
The end of slavery through the successful military tactics of the Union in the Civil War had the single most important impact as it pertains to education for the creation of educational opportunities for the newly freed African Americans. Prior to this, it was common knowledge that educating a slave was a criminal offense. The Morrill Act of 1862, named for Justin Smith Morrill, was designed to make education more accessible to more people of all socio-economic and social classes. Only, this Act did not take into consideration the education of black people. Due to systematic racism against this minority group, it was not until slavery was abolished that the second Morrill Act was implanted to focus on this long overlooked group.
By owning a slave, the owners were not only getting a permanent worker, they were legally entitled to their offspring as well. African slavery took place in North America because it was the most economically viable solution to southern plantation owners ' labor needs. The slave owners in America used slavery by forcing people to work for them because that was the only way of thinking that life would be easier for them but slavery was never the right way to get the best productivity or outcome from
The rivalry between Booker T. Washington and W.E.B DuBois is very well known in the African American community. This two well educated black activist both stepped into play to help control the segregation of whites and blacks in America. issues. Even though they were completely opposite both of them made huge changes. Booker T Washington gradual approach to getting blacks their civil rights by exceling in agriculture, commerce, and domestic services and waiting for whites to give them rights was okay, but I agree with W.E.B DuBois direct approach because I do not believe we should have to wait for something that should not have been taken in the first place.
During the Civil Rights Movement, many white-Americans found themselves falling back into the routine they had been taught from their ancestors. The white backlash during this time showed the African-American community they still had a long fight ahead of them. Dr. King knew during the Civil Rights Movement they were going to be faced with trials but did not realize the cost that came with chasing after his dream. Lives were lost, both white and black, and the white blacklash that was going to be confronting the African-Americans right in the face. The social justice of African-Americans being able to vote turned white Americans in the South into savage animals.