Trusts, or large monopolies, were corporations that combined and lowered their prices to drive competitors out of the business. This infuriated many americans at that time because it allowed such a small number of people to become wealthy, or even successful at all. When Theodore Roosevelt became president, he sympathized with workers unlike most of the presidents in the past who usually tried to help the corporations. As illustrated in Document A, Roosevelt wanted to hunt down the bad trusts ad put a leash on the good ones in order to regulate them. However, it only had a limited effect because the government was unable to control the activity of banks and railroads which were two of the most powerful industries in the world.
The Progressive Era was a period of economic, political, and social reform in the United States. The era began in the 1890's, after the severe depression of the Panic of 1893 was coming to a close, and ended when the United States entered World War I in 1917. The main objectives of the movement were eliminating problems caused by urbanization, immigration, industrialization, and corruption in government. At the end of the Progressive Era in 1917, the movement had successfully taken strides in expanding democracy and regulating the economy. The Progressive Era impacted the development of politics by requiring the government to step in and make changes, ultimately resulting in a stronger and more powerful direct democracy.
For example, J.P. Morgan was in the process of making a trust with other big businesses, such as the railroad industry, to drive out competition from the market. Roosevelt knew that this was wrong and used the Sherman Anti-Trust Act as a tool to put a stop to the trust that Morgan was trying to establish (140-143). To help prevent future trusts from being formed, Teddy Roosevelt formed the Bureau of Corporations that would investigate businesses and report to Roosevelt if corporations were doing anything suspicious (144-145). Another thing that showed the progressivism of President Roosevelt was his stance on the relations between the workers and owners of businesses. In 1902, approximately 140,000 Pennsylvania coal miners went
With the help of the Women’s rights Movement, not only supporting African American rights, but that of women helped pair these organizations to influence society for the better of all mankind. Margaret Sanger opening the door, for women to be in control of their own bodies, literally. In 1916 Brooklyn the first birth control clinic was opened giving women a choice in what they want for themselves. Suffragists rallied all over the states expressing their right to free speech, fighting for Women’s Suffrage until 1920 when the nineteenth amendment ratified their rights. Women having played a major part in the wars found strength in numbers and with writers such as Jane Addams the inspiration was
Once reconstruction had been unraveled, Americans were eager to progress the United States and better this nation socially, politically and economically. Progressive People during this time desired to move from the original farming scenario, into more urban settings and city like areas. Some progressive people rejected social Darwinism and challenged the ideas of the Laissez-faire, and idolized the ideals of pragmatism—which is relying on human experience to define any truth—but that was just the beginning. Many of the progressivists wanted to reform the government and economic systems, due to accelerated urban growth and imbalance in economic power between the upper-class and the lower-class. Leaders like Woodrow Wilson and Theodore Roosevelt are highly associated with aiding with these political issues of progressivism.
Economic involvements had a bigger impact on the great depression. The great depression was a time of need for the Americans. Due to the supplies and accessories shipped out during the war, America was low on supplies, money and control, and president Herbert Hoover did very little in an attempt to overcome this problem. Men and women were driven into what were called Hoovervilles, which was a collection of teepee huts gathered together to make a community. Just as the people thought they had hit rock bottom, a switch of presidents helped make all the difference.
The “Progressive Movement was an early-20th century reform movement seeking to return control of the government to the people, to restore economic opportunity, and to correct injustices in American life.” (Danzer R54). The Progressive Era marked the end of the “Gilded Ages” and a start of a new era. The Progressive Era started in 1901 in the United States (Fagnilli 26). There were many major reforms in the Progressive Era that altered and advanced American society. Some of these advancements included urban problems such as working conditions, slums, and poverty, political corruption, economic problems, injustice and social issues affecting people, and the morality of Americans (Fagnilli 26).
In many regards, the administrations of Teddy Roosevelt and Woodrow Wilson were considered some of the most progressive of their times. With this, the size and power of the federal government grew. While they could agree on progressive views for conservation efforts and worker rights, Wilson fell behind Teddy 's footsteps in regards to his views of women 's and coloured people 's rights. Prior to the Progressive Era, the Industrial Revolution had been in full swing, leaving behind worker rights in the search of ever more efficient profits. In combination, there had been a rapid movement of urbanization and abuse of power from traditional political machines.
When we go back to 19th century that was the time when it was witnessed that the male suffrage was prevailing in a number of countries and women suffrage was not there and somehow it ignited a spark among women to fight for themselves and for their rights so that they could be treated as humans and not as animals. In the year 1893, women were able to achieve equal voting rights at national level in New Zealand. The same pattern was followed in Australia in 1902. However, in America, England and Canada women could achieve same voting rights only after the First World War ended. Then came into being the famous movement called The Suffrage Movement during which the women fought for their equal voting rights which all men were enjoying at that time because they were of the view that they were a part of the society too and they deserve all the rights to elect their representatives.
Women in Australia used civil methods of protest, and didn’t adapt the more radical methods used by suffragettes in other countries. The outcome of the suffragettes’ protest was nearly ten years of legislation changes enabling women’s voting rights and the beginning of women in parliament. One of the most outstanding pieces of legislation passed was the Commonwealth Franchise Act in 1902 allowing all women (excluding Aboriginal women in Queensland and Western Australia) in Australia to vote. Women’s suffrage in Australia changed the social view people had on women and encouraged other countries to franchise