In the early 1500’s the main religion throughout Europe was Catholicism. As time went on more people started to doubt the religion for numerous reasons. Some of which consisted of corrupt priests, indulgences, or buying a ticket to heaven, punishment for other beliefs, and the church’s interference with the monarch. Because of this, heresies became popular. With disillusion rising a Protestant Reformation began.
Mulder-Bakker, Anneke B., and Wogan-Browne, Jocelyn. Household, Women, and Christianities in Late Antiquity and the Middle Ages. Turnhout, Belgium: Brepols, 2005. Anneke Mulder-Bakker and Jocelyn Wogan-Browne illustrates the ancient family structure and gives an insight into women’s roles in Christianity. The text demonstrates that the typical medieval household is not egalitarian; instead, it enforces patriarchal norms.
I think that Martin Luther’s life and accomplishments have had the greatest impact on our modern world. “Martin Luther began the Reformation in the early sixteenth century” (171-174). He also wrote the 95 thesis. Without Martin Luther today may not be anything like it is, everyone may have had to be only one religion, people may not have been able to express their feeling the way we can now. “By 1520 Luther had begun to move toward a more definite break with the Catholic Church” (174).
The Puritans brought these fears to Salem as they colonised New England in an attempt to flee religious maltreatment in Europe. However, ironically, the Puritans would establish a highly conservative and religiously intolerant settlement; a society where church and the government are a single, explicitly stringent, entity. The austere attitude of the Salem community in 1692-1693, at the start of the Salem Witch Trials, would become visible. This was a series of events that have become an infamous part of American colonial history for being described as “mass hysteria” as they consisted of prosecutions, executions and imprisonments that infiltrated Massachusetts. The prosecutions were held under the premise that locals within Salem had begun to act peculiarly: morphing their bodies unnaturally, becoming physically ill and incoherently babbling.
The historical context of Shakespeare’s play The Tragedy of Hamlet, Prince of Denmark is widely debated, with connections being made towards a variety of religious influences. However, due to the plays continuous’ references to the Protestant religion, the play’s message can be traced back to Martin Luther; a disgruntled monk with a desire for change. In Shakespeare’s Hamlet the use of Protestant principles and allusions of Martin Luther’s 95 theses directly influences the character development of Hamlet, and reinforces the rebellious Protestantism versus the Catholic corruption paradigm in the play. The first Protestant element in The Tragedy of Hamlet, Prince of Denmark is introduced very early in the play, which is Prince Hamlet’s education at Wittenberg, the supposed birthplace of Protestantism. This element serves as a basis to Hamlet 's progressive connections to Martin Luther, and because of this allusion’s specific nature and
The new form of Christianity played a major role during the Renaissance period. As people discover a new way of thinking, they began to question many of the teachings present in medieval Christianity. The new form of Christianity ran by Martin Luther was well known by the Protestant Reformation. Many Catholics and Protestants wanted a change in the church. They campaigned for a shift from the medieval learning and medieval form of Christianity.
The Protestant Reformation was a religious revolution in Europe during sixteenth century. “The discovery that changed Luther’s life ultimately changed the course of church history and the history of Europe.” Martin Luther was the person who started the Reformation on October 31, 1517. This is when Martin Luther nailed his Ninety-Five Theses to the door of the Castle Church at Wittenburg, this publication attacked the Roman Catholic Church 's sale of indulgences. “Calvin made a powerful impact on the fundamental doctrines of Protestantism, and is widely credited as the most important figure in the second generation of the Protestant Reformation.” Huldrych Zwingli was greatly involved in the Swiss Reformation and William Tyndale translated the New Testament into the English language. Martin Luther was born on November 10, 1483, in Eisleben, Germany.
The Church in that time period was overrun with corruption and avarice, leading it to sacrifice its spiritual integrity for money. Plenary indulgences were being sold in order to pay for the luxuries desired by the clergy, the very men who had taken upon themselves vows of poverty in the service of God. Martin Luther sought a reform of the Catholic Church, and desired to bring it back to its original truths and teachings, but instead founded his own church, opening the door to the establishment of numerous denominations. Of these, Calvinism, centered mostly in France and the Low Countries, became increasingly popular. Calvinism adopted the Catholic Church’s opinions regarding the dignity of human labor.
The Reformation was a religious revolution in the 16th-century that resulted in a schism within Western Christianity between the Roman Catholic Church and the newly established Protestant churches. The likes of Martin Luther and John Calvin, among others, exercised significantly important roles in the Reformation’s development. The Reformation effectively separated the peoples of Western Europe into two opposing religious blocs, Protestants and Catholics. Traditionally, the Reformation has been considered to be a turning-point in history as Europe was plunged into centuries of conflict, disagreement, and violence. Two distinct national traditions offer an analysis of the vast consequences that the Reformation had upon Western Europe; that is,
One of the effects of the Reformation was The Protestant Reformation and this was the breakdown of authority and power of the Catholic Church. It happened with the causes of the plague called the Black Death and the Renaissance( Humanism and Secularism). This began on October 31,1517 with Martin luther being one of the most important people throughout all this. *** The kind of impact it had was wars erupted on Europe between Catholics and Protestants. And at the same time leaders try to break from the century old grip of the Catholic Church.
According to definition, reinvention is to invent again, remodel, or revive something that already exists. Between the 16th and 19th centuries Americans has embraced the idea of reinvention through their determination to change the religion and government of their time. Since the development of the American Colonies, Americans, or in this case colonist, embraced the character of reinvention and applied it to religion. They took the ideas from Martin Luther’s 1517 Protestant Reformation to shape the landscape which they lived in. Protestants and Catholics were constantly trying to reinvent to common social norms that were already in placed in order to please their denomination.
(Pagan. Pg. 98) Those members of the church like Colonial William Kendall received social welfare in return for their duty as Peacemakers in the community. They were expected to regulate the community and provide moral leadership as well as the dependents in their families, which justifies the reason why so much pressure was put on William Kendall. His duty to regulate such acts like fornication was greater than others in the communities because he was in the post of churchwardens.
IV The Protestant Reformation A. Causes of the Reformation Rulers began to compete against the Church 's political power. Judges of the Church demanded that the leaders were dishonest about their money. John Wycliffe and Jan Hus recommended Church reform. People thought Church practices (sale of indulgences) was not allowable.
From the years 1607 to 1700, religion impacted the development of the New England, Mid-Atlantic, and Chesapeake colonies by shaping legislation, populations, and culture. The Plymouth colony was founded on the basis of Separatists, or those who wanted to separate from the Church of England. This group created the Mayflower compact, an agreement between male settlers to follow what the majority dictated. The compact was signed in order to keep civil order within the colony. This was the first step toward self government, and was used as a basis for other constitutions.
An accomplishment with an effect right away would be when he started the Protestant Reformation. This happened in 1517 when he posted the 95 Theses on Castle Church door. His “95 theses” which suggested 2 central beliefs: that the bible was the center of religious authority and that you can only reach salvation through faith and not by your actions- which sparked the reformation. Even though these issues had been brought up before he set them into order at that moment and the Catholic Church was divided. He had done this to prove that the Catholic Church was Corrupt.