Bop to the Top: How Title IX’s Getting Dragged Down While Marbella and Wells suggest that Title IX is negatively impacting men’s sports, Goodale proves that Title IX cannot be held responsible for cuts to men’s sports in recent years. Title IX isn’t to be held responsible for decreases in men’s sports as justified by Gloria Goodale in the article “40 Years Later, Title IX Is Still Fighting Perception it Hurt Men’s Sports”. Contrary to popular belief, collegiate sport participation is actually increasing. The NCAA provided evidence proving that “Just between 2002 and 2011, the NCAA says, the number of men in college sports increased by 38,482 between 2002 and 2011. During that same period, the number of females went up by less, some 32,662” (qtd. in Goodale). All of this occurred while Title IX was in place, proving that Title IX, despite it’s increasingly unflattering reputation, is having a positive impact on collegiate sports, even if it …show more content…
Moreover, the unequal distribution of funds between sports carried out by college administrators is the real issue. To support this statement, “The NCAA also points out that nonrevenue men's sports are often cut to provide more funds for the two big revenue sports, football and basketball. In 2006, for instance, Rutgers University dropped men's tennis, a team with a budget of approximately $175,000. The National Women's Law Center points out that Rutgers spent about $175,000 in the same year on hotel rooms for the football team - for home games” (qtd. in Goodale). While Title IX is receiving much of the blame for recent cuts to men’s sports, the fact of the matter is that the blame really belongs to colleges’ administration teams and they way that they budget their money. We cannot blame Title IX for the unequal distribution of wealth among men’s sports teams, and we cannot ignore the fact that
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Some argue that furthering options for female athletics would starve already successful men’s programs. This is, unfortunately, true to some extent. George F. Will writes in his article “A Train Wreck Called Title Ix” on the Newsweek website that colleges terminated over 400 men 's athletic teams to produce precise proportionality between the genders enrollments and participation in athletics. Although growing women’s athletics did cause some shortage in funding for men it is illogical to deny rights to one people group for the sake of having excess in another group. Female athletic programs were easy to blame for terminating some men’s programs, but if the funding were split more evenly between minor and major sports those programs might have
Nixon passed Title IX on June 23rd 1972. This act allowed for equal female rights in education and athletics. In this bill Nixons states that “No person in the United States shall, on the basis of sex, be excluded from participation in, be denied the benefits of, or be subjected to discrimination under any educational program or activity receiving Federal financial assistance. ”(Wulf). The number of high school girl athletes went from 294,015 in 1972 to 3,172,637 in 2010, a 1079% increase(Encyclopedia).
It is an imperative matter that we take a look at the impact of Title IX on sports as well as why it should be viewed from a multidimensional perspective. Women’s opportunities for competitive physical activity were restricted in America up until Federal Legislation, commonly referred to as Title IX, which later became law. It required American society to recognize a woman’s right to participate in sports on a plane equivalent to that of men. Prior to 1870, activities for women were recreational rather than sport-specific in nature. They were informal, noncompetitive, rule-less; they emphasized physical activity rather than competition.
In the first place, to address the ratio between boys and girls sport activity, the gap is closing. In fact, in 1970 female participation was nearly 0 percent in high school sports then by 1980 it rose to 50 percent and in 2000 increased another 20 percent (par. 5). That is extraordinary change, however it is not because if the institute of title IX but instead it is the result of a major culture shift within the United States and had nothing to do with title IX. Back in the 1970s girls weren’t prevented from playing sports but it was a stigma of females in
For a century the National Collegiate Athletic Association has been around governing the organization for millions of college athlete. In the recent year, though, many people have been asking whether or not college athletes should be paid to play their sports in college, in particular, Division One male football and basketball players. The Paying of college athletes concept is in its resolution and plan, however the history of this issue dates back two decades and has proven both ineffective and discriminatory. The negative inherency of this new potential solution would far outweigh any minute advantages that the opposition will attempt to present as a positive change.
Based on the numerous examples exhibited each and every day on the field and off the field in America, it is clear Title IX has fallen short of its purpose. The Act states, in part, “No person shall, on the basis of sex, be excluded from participation in, be denied the benefits of, or be subjected to discrimination under any academic, extracurricular, research, occupational training, or other education program or activity operated by a recipient which receives Federal financial assistance…” (Parameswaran). Therefore, the goals of the bill were to create an atmosphere of equality for men and women.
Finally, one of the issues with the cases made against Title IX is that these sentiments are one-sided. A hefty portion of the articles that condemn the impact of Title IX on men 's athletic fields originated from the one, particularly male whose life was directly affected by the removal of his desire sports in the list of college sports. This was illustrated by Michael Lancaster in the article of “Title IX Laws and Intercollegiate Athletics.” In this composition, he writes about the elimination of track and field at Nicholls State University that later caused his scholarship to be cut (Lancaster). The issue with this article is that Lancaster himself was one of the athletes who were being victimized in the name of Title IX.
Title nine requires athletic programs to be equivalent to enrollment. The number of sports programs for each sex should reflect the ratio of students enrolled in the school. With more women attending college the need for more sports programs has grown dramatically. I don’t want to get in a political discussion about schools who have cut men’s programs so I will only speak on schools who have added women’s programs. This opportunity has not only improved
For example, Title IX has empowered women not only in sports, but also in education and work. Marj Snyder, chief program officer of the Women's Sports Foundation, stated the number of women undergraduates before Title IX was a mere 35% ,and now the number has risen to 57% (Nauen). The rising number of female undergraduates is a direct correlation to Title IX, this proves the that Title IX has changed lives of women on and off the field. Correspondingly, in a report of the twenty-five years with Title IX, the Department of educations states that “the critical values learned from sports participation--including teamwork, standards, leadership, discipline, self-sacrifice, and pride in accomplishment -- are being brought to the workplace as women enter employment in greater numbers” (qtd. In Nauen).
Women were supposed to be secretaries, teachers, and homemakers but never athletes. By requiring public Universities to create women’s sports teams, Women were able to gain a lot of new opportunities. As a result of Title IX sports participation rates among women
For, instance, if college athletes were to unionize and get paid, then all collegiate athletes would want the same compensation deal, although their sport doesn’t generate as much revenue as power and performance sports such as football and basketball. The ramifications can be serious if female student athletes mention Title IX, which is a gender equity law that prohibits sex discrimination in any federally funded program or activity. Since some women’s sports generate revenue,
A college athlete by the definition, a person that does work for another in exchange for compensation, is an employee of the National Collegiate Athletic Association (Alessi). These athletes are not given compensation for their service. College athletes should be reimbursed for their skills and athletic abilities. As high school students they are recruited to universities for scholarships and educational opportunities. The National Collegiate Athletic Association requires that college athletes may not be given any form of compensation for their skills, but this is an outdated ruling that does not take in to account the financial pressure of being a student athlete without the ability to provide for his or herself financially, therefore student
Title IX has become a prevalent topic of discussion over the past few months. Last September Betsy DeVos, Secretary of Education announced that she would be working on rescinding the Obama-era Title IX guidance and implicating a new interim guidance. The #MeToo Movement, a campaign aimed at supporting survivors of sexual violence began taking on momentum due to accusations towards Harvey Weinstein and numerous top-tier celebrates. Recently, former USA Gymnastics team doctor for Michigan State, Larry Nassar has been found guilty for decades of abuse on young students. A scandal that can cost MSU millions for concealing reports and allegations of victims.
If society stops to understand the struggles these women have been facing for decades will have a clearer picture of what steps to take in order to make a change in the sports industry. Men need to put their masculinity aside and advocate giving women a voice. The purpose of this paper is to explore the issues women in the sport world have faced through history, wage gaps, current issues today, and to discuss findings and recommendations for future research. Title IX is a law that came into effect in 1972, this comprehensive federal law prohibited discrimination on the basis of sex in any federally funded education program or activity.
In the last 100 years, youth sport has grown to be commonplace regardless of one’s race, gender, or their families’ income level. Yet before WWII, youth sport and their respective tournaments were primarily populated by poor immigrant families. Afterwards, youth sport grew in popularity, especially with the middle class. “It wasn’t until the 1970’s that youth sport for both sexes was embraced by upper-middle-class communities, where parents came to believe that competitive youth sport was a requirement if their kids were to be successful” (Woods, 2016). As more parents grew to value youth sports positive influence on their children, growth skyrocketed.