URBAN MENTAL HEALTH Urbanization being defined as the increase in the number of cities and urban population, is not only a demographic movement but also includes, social, economic and psychological changes that constitute the demographic movement. It is a process that leads to the growth of cities due to industrialization and economic development. The rapid increase in urban population worldwide is one among the important global health issues of the 21st century. In India approximately 28% of the India’s population lives in cities and this is expected to increase to 41% by the year 2020 (UN World Urbanization Prospects 2008). Urbanization affects mental health through the influence of increased stressors and factors such as overcrowded and
The need for affordable housing is rising more than ever as the world population crosses 7 billion and is forecasted to reach 9 billion by 2030 (World Population Clock). Urban growth, urban migration, and rapid urbanization are among factors that boosts the need for affordable housing. “Urban growth rates are highest in the developing world, absorbing an average of 5 million new urban residents per month, and thus account for the largest portion of urban population growth on the globe” (Rizvi, 2016). Global urbanization was 51% in 2010, and by 2030 it is likely to reach 61%. Major metropolitan areas in developing countries will be absorbing 95% of the overall urban population growths in the country (Rizvi, 2016) .Asia, Africa, the Middle East
Which leads into the effects on the citizens, such as China and India, and the lack of proper housing and accommodations with such a rapidly growing population. Davis then goes into many statistics on the increase of GDP and population since 2000 globally, as well as examples of extreme urban growth in India and throughout Africa. In the second chapter, Davis focuses his argument on the prevalence of slums and the conditions that most slums worldwide contain. Davis also provides a compiled graph of the largest slum populations by country, some to name a few are: China, India, Turkey, Peru, USA, and Ethiopia. He also goes into three main themes to the increase of slums, inner city poverty, pirate urbanization, and invisible renters.
Urbanization refers to the process of raising population growth in cities and rural, it also includes the rise of industrialization. The government, industry and business deal in urban areas are involved.The United States and Europe had started their urbanization since the 19th century. On the other hand, by the end of 2014, 54.7% of China’s total population live in the urban areas, which is a rate that rose from 26% in 1990. They are currently experiencing a rapid increase. Yet, urbanization has many benefits.
Abdullahi Mohamed Assignment 1 Geo 366 The objective of the George Rogers Taylor’s premise in his journal article titled Urban Growth Preceding the Railway age is to examine and prove that urban growth was at its highest level in U.S cities in the era preceding to what is known as the “railroad age” pre 1861, based on statistical evidence from the 5 preceding decades he highlights in his journal article: 1790-1800, 1810-1820, 1820-1830 and 1830-1840. In order to examine the decades of rapid urban growth in the United States. U.S cities were organized together in 4 different groups. Based on the cities geographical location and also its relative size at the time. The groups included; the four great eastern seaports, the small eastern
1) INTRODUCTION The world has experienced a steady increase in life expectancy in this century. The dramatic increase in average life expectancy imposes a great challenge in healthcare. World Health Organisation (2015) reported between 2015 and 2050, the proportion of the world's population over 60 years of age will double from 12% to 22%. The most rapidly growing segment of the Singapore population is the older people. Older people is defined by the World Health Organisation (2015) as a person of the chronological age of 65 years and above.
The late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries were periods of tremendous urban growth that radically changed the country. Between 1860 and 1910, the population of cities with 2,500 or more residents climbed from 6 million to 46 million. Some of this new urban population came from the American countryside – between 1880 and 1910, about 11 million Americans moved to cities from rural areas. Millions more were immigrants. But in any case, American society, culture, politics, economics – in short, everything -- was changed in the transformation from rural, agricultural country to urban, industrial nation.
As the global population continues to rise more people are choosing to live in the world's cities. With United Nations predictions indicating a peak of 70% urban inhabitation by 2050 (ESA-UN, 2007, quoted in: Agudelo-Vera et al. 2010, 2295), how we facilitate the accommodation of over half of the 3.5 billion people on the planet in these urban landscapes is paramount to both our impact on the remaining natural environment, and the quality of life we live. Sustainability is a word thrown about with great frequency but little definition in relation to the built environment in contemporary specification, advertising and academic texts, and while society as a whole must take a greater responsibility in the use and re-use of natural resources,
In 2015, three years later, the older population rose by 55 million and the percentage of the older population reached 8.5 per¬cent of the total population. With the post World War II baby boom generation in the United States and Europe occurred, the older ranks in recent years and with the acceler¬ated growth of older populations in Asia and Latin America; the next 10 years will observe an increase of about 236 million people aged 65 years and older throughout the globe. Thereafter, from 2025 to 2050, the older population is planned to approximately twice to 1.6 billion glob¬ally, whereas the total population will develop by just 34 percent over the same period (Goodkind & Kowal,
It is expected to reach 190 million by December 2014 and 216 million by June 2015. Significantly, compared to last year, in rural India, Internet users have increased by 39% to reach 101 million in October 2014. It is expected to reach 112 million by December 2014 and 138 million by June 2015. As on June 2014, 31.5 million (61%) in 35 cities were using Internet on a daily basis. The daily user base has gone up by 51% from June 2013.