What else specifically happened during Maoist period ? Which specific elements have we forgotten ? As it is mentioned in M ao’s invisible hand by Perry and Hailmann, “China’s governance techniques are marked by a signature Maoist stamp that conceives of policy making as a process of ceaseless change, tension management, and adhoc adjustment”7. Thus, the answer remains in the effective adaptability of the regime through a unique way of policy making, whose flexibility linked with history and permanent policy style played an important role.First and foremost, to explain the incredible adaptability of the communist regime in China, an important part of the academia underlined the important role played by the institutions. According to Andrew Nathan, professor of political science at Columbia University specialised in Chinese politics, the source of Chinese resilience remains in the “institutionalization of the elite succession process and containment of factionalism as well as its success in fostering a “high level of acceptance” through various “input institutions” — local elections, lettersandvisits departments (...)”8...
New York, the city of dreams, the land of riches, all because of the great canal. Begun in the 1817 and opened in its entirety 1825, the Erie Canal is considered the engineering marvel of the 19th century and will be that way for many years to come. The canal was 363 miles long and connected New York to the Great Lakes. The once derided as "Clinton's Folly" which is now known as the Erie Canal alternated by creating a vibrant economy, spreading religion, and growth in population along the new transportation network. The Erie Canal has a considerably colossal effect on not only enhancing New York but also quickly escalating America's incomes.
Their vision of an ideal government was one that was established on a rigorously formulated law and an enforcing authority that would ensure absolute adherence to the law. This paper discusses the features that typically characterized Chinese Legalism. Perhaps, the main feature of Chinese Legalism and
Under these strict rules was how the Qin was able to unify China and standardise the language used. After the Qin Dynasty, it has become evident that legalism was very successful in helping to maintain order and controlling the country. So its philosophy was also adopted by the Han who used it to control its empire. Legalism provides a more practical approach to governing a country through the enforcement of law, deterring people from committing crime. Although China is not a legalist country, legalism has a profound impact on the legal system practiced by the government throughout Chinese history.
The Qin and Han employed different philosophies on how to run their dynasties. The Qin used controlling Legalistic ideas while the Han used the relationship building Confucianism. The Qin and Han had a different relationship with outsiders because the Qin preferred to keep foreigners out while the Han wanted to build a relationship with them. The Qin and the Han each contributed to the growth of China’s culture and expansion. The developments in trade, foreign relations, and building expansive building projects in the Qin and Han Dynasties effected the design of every dynasty
A significant feature in Confucian tradition regards the concept of “xiao”, or filial piety, a virtue of respect for one’s parents and ancestors. Recently, this concept has obtained increased interest, as many are analyzing possible interpretations and meanings to various Confucius passages. This paper discusses more specifically the motivation or reasoning behind some acts of filial piety, arguing that a son’s filial actions stem from basic human nature versus lying within moral uprightness. The discussion begins with a survey of existing views on the topic before introducing the crux of the essay and possible objections. One particular controversial passage portrays a conversation between the governor of She and Confucius.
And the story of their ancestor and legacy tells of what kind of people they were, and what they honored. “It is ingrained deeply in the Chinese mind that once there was a time when everything worked according to an ideal pattern” (Corduan, 2012). The meaning to this passage is why contemporary Chinese culture holds on to the tradition because it could happen again. This also reveal the union of governmental community with religion. Although there has been countless time that China’s government ruled over the religion, and now there is hope that id does not need to be that same way again because it was different back then.
During the period of Zhenguan, the politics was bright, the populations of people increased obviously, the communications with foreign countries in Asia and European were frequent, the agriculture and handicraft developed, and China became the most powerful countries in Asia. It is amazing that the period of Zhenguan appeared just after thirty-one years after the establishment of the Tang Dynasty in 618. To analyze the inconceivable appearance of the period of Zhenguan in the Tang Dynasty, Emperor Taizong of Tang (Li Shimin) was the person who could not be ignored, because he was the second emperor in the Tang Dynasty and Zhenguan was the reign title of him. His fantastic leadership was one of the most important elements caused the flourished period in the early stage of the Tang
Or is it better to merge the Western thought and Confucian thought to have a public official that will build a stronger state? After reading the article of H G. Frederickson, I realized that there are certain points in the Confucian and Western thinking that one must have to eradicate a weak government. What Frederickson is trying to say is that Confucianism left a big impact to
Kang Youwei specifically addresses the emperor in the inscription by using words such as, “your majesty”. As a result of the chosen audience, reliability of the source may be affected as the author may try to exaggerate and embellish facts in order to convince the emperor to take action. The emperor did receive this inscription with an attitude to implement the government reforms the inscription addresses, as firstly just like many other individuals in China at that period, the emperor was also undoubtedly distressed about the situation in China. Hence, he was seeking for solutions to make the situation at hand better. Secondly, this inscription is not extremely radical, as it does not completely discard Confucian teachings, which may have made the emperor like it better.
Gabriella Estrada Mr.Stano AP World History October 7, 2015 An Empires Fight For Centralization Ancient China’s history is a colorful story that Mark Edward Lewis makes comes to life in “The Early Chinese Empires : Qin and Han”. In this book Lewis sets put an end to the false perceptions spread in western society of Ancient China by setting the record straight. Lewis explain presents a clear and obviously well researched explanation of why and how things happened in Ancient China during The Classical Age, through several key events and leaders. This book explores the underlying challenges of this period
For example, it included laws that kept the government officials in their places by emphasizing the Confucian idea of subject to ruler relationship which united the clans and ensured that "government officials always obeyed the orders of the reigning monarch, for the sake of consistency and centralization of power" (Shotoku). By using Confucianism, Shotoku ended the wars between the clans and "allowed the moral emperor to decide the disputes"(Shotoku). Furthermore, the seventh rule in the article states that, “The Ministers and functionaries should make decorous behavior leading principles.... If the superiors do not behave with decorum the inferiors are disorderly." This idea comes from the Chinese Confucian philosophy which states that if people are controlled with punishments they will have no sense of shame, but if they are governed by, “means of virtue,” they will gain their own sense of
Claim: Ratify the New Constitution Introduction- “If we approve the new Constitution, our federal government will be strong enough to preserve our freedom, promote our trade and protect our property”,and this is right. This is one of our important things, is our trade, property and mostly our freedom. Speaking of trades and taxes many states tax each other’s product, and this makes America a separate nation. But the new Constitution can make all the states become a united nation and not be a separate nation because the new constitution fixes this by forbidding states to tax and imports and giving the federal government the sole power to regulate trade that crosses state lines. In addition, the new Constitution balances the power of every branches of the government(legislature, judicial, executive), but under the Articles of Confederation the legislature branch takes all the power or all- powerful; and that does not make the nation become unite.
All these things remain accurate to this day. Perhaps it would be wise of any politician or American citizen, in a sense of personal responsibility, to study Hamilton’s words when looking to decide what the best course of action is in regards at least to taxation; to understand the time period of the writers and ascertain which aspects of their arguments were useful only to the issues of the time, and which were inspired by historical patterns and have continued to hold true to this day. It is of great importance to understand our history, not just to keep from repeating mistakes, but to understand what has allowed our government, created in a time so different from the present, to continue to, for the most part, successfully keep America as a world power and how to use this knowledge to help us modify and improve our situation. This social responsibility, placed upon our generation specifically, is one of figuring out how to alleviate current issues while keeping in mind that any new implementations will have to account for a rapidly changing future. By studying how men like Hamilton achieved this in the past, we improve greatly our chances of succeeding right
Our establishing fathers added to the technique, the detachment of forces, to forestall misuse of power among the three branches and to ensure the opportunity of all. Every branch has its particular force- executive power belongs to the president, authoritative force exists within Congress, and the legal authority rests with the Supreme Court. The significance of the partition of powers was to make an administration that would not become domineering. Rather, it was deliberately intended to advance freedom and equitably speak to the will of the individuals. Another significant highlight of the division of forces is the guideline of giving each of the branches an extraordinarily diverse voting public.