Native American Indians have been portrayed in the media, movies and stories very negatively. The media, in today’s society barely recognizes Native Americans. It is like they disappeared. They are perceived as people of the past. When they are featured on a news channel, it is usually due to protests subjected around their territory.
George, you stated, “Various forms of culture are all around us and sometimes it is difficult to understand why different cultures respond to each other the way they do,” this is very true. I think it is a matter of history repeating itself, or in other words, learned behavior from past cultures, as well as difference in the ways of communication, and customs. Personally, I love to study the different cultures of the world because as students of history we must have an understanding of a culture, before can write about it, or more importantly preserve it. This is why it is very important for archivists to seek out education about different cultures because the world is very diverse, and everyone has a history that needs to be preserved for future generations.
I must start off by saying I found these two chapters very interesting and I feel as if I learned a lot. That being said, issues that are raised with me was that I had no idea that Europeans had such a big impact on the Native American religion. Native Americans arrived on North American continent 15,000 to 20,0000 years ago. Since that time they have lived in nearly every section of America. With the changing of the continents came the different lifestyles and drastic climate changes.
The Societal factors that have contributed possibly to the health of the Native Americans today all started when they Christopher colobus showed up, so many native americans were being killed and mistreated. They were forced to do things that they didn't want to do, Like the women were being sterilized, they had to accept christianity and become civilized. Ever since that Native Americans still haven't been left alone. They dealt with horrific and terrifying abuse, especially after killing so many native americans from the genocide that they were trying to do. Mentioned in the film “Native population has a suicidal rate of seven times that of the national norm because they went through so much and till this day are still treated different.
Tradition is the customs or beliefs that has been pass on to generation to generation. Native American have their own tradition such as when they trade, it meant a welcome gift or a way to gain relationship. However, the European trade and their material goods had a negative impact on their lives because they slowly lost their identity. While Native Americans was adapting to the Europeans’ homes, they did not noticed that they are started to becoming them. For example, in chapter 3, All Stuff of Life, Calloway stated that; “Archaeologists excavating eighteenth-century sites in the eastern united states often find it difficult to determine whether a settlement was Indian or European on the basis of the material unearthed.”
According to the information gathered, Native Americans are of the lowest racial group to live in metropolitan areas. There are a significant amount of Native Americans that are neither state or federally recognized. Those who are recognized receive health care through IHS (Indian Health Service), provided through the U.S Department of Health and Human Services, however, generally urban patients have less access to hospitals, clinics, etc. Some influencing factors may include: language fluency, educational attainment, economics, and poor/non existent insurance coverage. 20% of Native Americans did not speak English as their primary language at home.
It is believed that the ancestors of the modern Native Americans came over from Asia to what is now known as Alaska more than 12,000 years ago. The Native Americans were named “Indians” by Christopher Columbus around the year 1492. Columbus was sailing the Atlantic Ocean to India, when he reached an island near Florida he thought he reached the coast of India and named the people he met there Indians.
While still in the United States, Native American tribes are considered sovereign countries. Tribes have their own system that tends to the needs on the reservation. This includes their own government structures, passing laws and ensuring they are enforced. When Native Americans were forced onto reservations, agreements were made between tribal leaders and government officials to ensure that Native Americans would be able to govern their own people, enabling each tribe to protect their distinctive cultural practices and identities. Yet with this distinct divide, many Native Americans do not get the same treatments and benefits that many others get in the dominant society.
1. The significant traditional values commonly shared by Native Americans that would be in conflict with dominant-culture perspectives and practices involve federal laws, policies and institutions. The dominant culture in the United States has deliberately tried to destroy and eliminate Native American culture. The government forced Native Americans to leave their homes, which denied them their ways of living in harmony and nature with the environment. Native Americans have strong values towards not allowing the weight of civilization and the new technology to take over, which is in conflict with the dominant-culture perspective who focus on new technology.
When many picture the life of Native Americans prior to their contact with Europeans, they picture the basic stereotype Indians with feathers in their hair and dancing around the fire. This way of life is far from the truth. The Native American societies have a great and diverse history. Native Americans excelled in adapting to the different environments they encountered. From the harsh conditions of the Artic from the hot, blazing deserts they found a way to strive.