Causes of Imperialism The acceleration of Imperialism during the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries that greatly impacted the world, is due to multiple economic, political, and social forces. Imperialism, a policy of extending a country's power and influence through diplomacy or military force, was becoming drastically more and more important for European and Asian countries. Ultimately, the advancements during the Industrial Revolution made Imperialism easier, and on a very large scale for many European countries. Although there were many factors that contributed to Imperialism by ways of economic, political, and social forces, some proved to be more significant and influential than others.
This influenced colonisation of North America due to the fact that population growth threatened to undermine the existing social order as the government did not know how to cope with the growing number of people and they struggled to find places for people to work without causing social disorder. It was important at this time for countries to mobilise economic resources so that all resources could be narrowly focused on a common goal, such as industrial or commercial expansion. That strength of the western European states which could be mobilised lay in conditions that permitted the growth, on the foundation of initially landlord and peasant economies, of industries, trading activities and services whose productivity was relatively high and which in favourable circumstances could originate innovations in technique or organisation or effect regular capital accumulation. The western European countries all experienced rapid population growth until the end of the 16th century. The growth of population, supported by more abundant money supply, was at the base of an economic expansion that was general during the 16th century.
Between the 1870s and the 1920s, imperialism increased because of economic, social, and political forces. Economically, many groups were interested in colonizing other countries because of their natural resources. Socially, they wanted to make themselves the highest and they wanted to look the best. Politically, they wanted to make more income and be the richest country. Two groups in particular were the most interested in imperialism.
Compare and contrast Dutch East Indian Company and British Indian Company All societies, states and companies tried to build domination on their weaker neighbors or opponents. The main motivations for building imperialist institutions were generally same. Conquering societies which were danger for them, getting natural resources, being imperially powerful and getting economical power to their hands were the main motivations for societies to establish these institutions. The domination of a country’s or region’s political, cultural, or economic life by one country is called imperialism. (Esler, 2010)
Source 2 shows that historical globalization was impacted by the cultural contact between the Indigenous and the Europeans. The Aboriginals and the Europeans has very different worldviews. The Aboriginals believed that everything in the world lived in harmony, and was equal to each other. However the Europeans believed in the pyramid where humans were at the top and dominated everything. The Aboriginals and Europeans failed to understand that they both had very different perspectives on the world.
This form of knowledge does not distinguishlimitations based on nationhood, religion and ethnicity that is why is it said to have encouraged globalization. The second factor is capitalism, which is a methodused to organizeeconomic activities that will result in making a profit and this phase of capitalism is regarded as the main force behind globalization. The constant concern to build up a surplus or fail constrains capital to look for out cheaper production sites and new markets for their products, which in realistic terms means the world. The third factor is technology which is the application of knowledge, in general scientific knowledge, to solve practical problems. Technological innovations in production and transportation were important during the early modern phase of globalization, whereas technological innovations in information and communication were important during the late modern phase of globalization.
The political and technological developments helped to facilitate the European expansion. Individual European explorers’ main motivation was to locate luxury goods, promote Christianity, and to be the first to discover new lands and water. The states supported the European explorers because of demands for luxury goods, religious fervor, and the desire for glory. European expansion and the Afro-Eurasian trade world is the main reason that you have most of the luxury items that you have today. Without this trade world and expansion things would look and taste very
During the Western Expansion farmers, as cattle ranchers or cowboys, drove cattle across the plains. Their cattle ranches were founded throughout the Great Plains from Texas to the Prairie regions. Cowboys were not only whites, but blacks and hispanics. They were an important part of expansion because the need for food increased with the railroad industry growing. A prominent cattle rancher during the Western expansion was Joseph McCoy. He eventually created one of the most enterprising cattle ranching businesses in Texas and Kansas. When cattle ranchers petitioned for the creation of a wide trail running through Mississippi, Arkansas, Texas, and Oklahoma, Congress denied the request.
3. Globalization Throughout the last decades, globalization became a real phenomenon, but history tells us that it is actually not a new social, historical phenomena, but has, under different names and manifestations, been with us for a long time. It is actually not only the continuation of the liberalization of international trade, which began in the mid-19th century with the launch of cross-border trade over long distances and later with intensive large-scale mobility of labor and capital. During capitalism, globalization has amplified due to the lust for profit, which is driven by capitalists across the globe. Indeed, globalization has significantly strengthened ever since.
During the European Imperialism in the Americas, the Caribbean, Aztec and incas, and North America hand an influence on guns, germs, and steel which was the result of the imperialism. Guns, germs, and steel permitted Europeans to vast tracks of the globe. This started urban communities require an abundant supply of sustenance, consequently rely on upon farming. As ranchers take the necessary steps of giving sustenance, division of work permits others flexibility to seek after different capacities, for example, mining and proficiency. North America was greatly impacted by the Imperialists.
Modern imperialism resulted in an economic shift towards more possible imports. Increased trade massively expanded what European countries could consume. For example, increased access to Indian trade provided Britain with new silk and spices. As a whole, European powers secured access to goods like silver, rubber, gold, diamonds, and tea. This also applied to natural resources and agriculture; for instance, imperialism allowed Britain to replace their rainforests with tea plantations.
As something to start with, the concept of Imperialism is where one person rules over a massive amount of land. To clarify, Imperialism came from the Latin word “Imperium”, which means to rule over a vast country. Even though Imperialism involves itself with sizable territory; the whole of it is spreading your power throughout different countries using different means. There are also different forms of Imperialism used by different countries. For instance, Britain used trading to maintain power.
2. Main causes and drivers of globalization The treaty of Westphalia in 1648, has been known to be the beginning of the system of sovereign states. Unlike the previous treaties, the treaty of Westphalia drew up a list of core principles, which re-defined the conception of the state; territories were defined, and the lands uninfringeable. Supremacy of the nation-state became accepted as the norm and hence allowed growth of international relations (Pant, 2011).
Imperialism is the demonstration of extending a nation's domain through the utilization of power, colonization, or pressure. Amid the hundreds of years, vast and effective European nations, similar to Spain and England, set forth significant push to secure and run different nations and domains. For instance, the colonization and improvement of the United States was begun on the grounds that England needed to grow its realm to new regions that could give it more noteworthy force and assets. In spite of the fact that it has a genuinely straight-forward definition, imperialism is really an extremely muddled procedure that has a tendency to unravel through the span of many reasons and numerous races.
“How does 21st century globalization differ from 20th century globalization?” Globalization heavily implies the opening of local and nationalistic perspectives to a broader outlook of an interconnected and interdependent world with free transfer of capital, goods, and services across national frontiers. It also occasionally discusses the less common dimensions of globalization, such as environmental globalization or military globalization . Those dimensions, however, receive much less attention the three described above, as academic literature commonly subdivides globalization into three major areas which are economic globalization, cultural globalization and political globalization. The evolution of globalization is still open for debate according to some scholar’s dates back to Ice Age when people used to travel in search of food, trade and security.