Causes of Imperialism The acceleration of Imperialism during the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries that greatly impacted the world, is due to multiple economic, political, and social forces. Imperialism, a policy of extending a country's power and influence through diplomacy or military force, was becoming drastically more and more important for European and Asian countries. Ultimately, the advancements during the Industrial Revolution made Imperialism easier, and on a very large scale for many European countries. Although there were many factors that contributed to Imperialism by ways of economic, political, and social forces, some proved to be more significant and influential than others. Since the beginning of religion, missionaries have attempted to spread religion and their beliefs on others.
Several factors prompted this decline such as: several economic problems, the rise of other trade routes, the European hunger for expansion, and weakness in the Ottoman government Furthermore, the Ottoman Empire was both politically and militarily strong, yet, it was too traditional and could not keep up with worldwide changes and modernity through time. Europe and the West were rapidly moving forward innovatively while the Ottomans stayed in their place for too long. All these problems led to the empire being less centralized in Europe. Simply, the Great Powers of Europe took advantage of this situation and allied to completely end the rule of Ottomans. To further affect the empire, European powers chose an Ottoman strength and turned it into a weak point.
All of the imperial powers changed the societies they ruled into a more modernized state, bringing them closer to the rest of the world economically, politically, and culturally. It also tightened the links between world societies. Yet, at the same time, these global empires nurtured divisions between the world’s people. The introduction to modern weapons and racial beliefs brought the Western nations to think of themselves as superiors amongst the rest of the world. And it was this feeling of superiority that caused tensions to rise exponentially eventually leading into the Cold War.
After the War of 1812, neo-colonialism started to decline within the United States and a whole new approach to foreign and domestic policy began with the ushering in of a new political culture. With the war over and European interests shifted from the Americas to Africa and Asia it left the United States with the ability to focus on internal affairs such as building the economy, reform, and expansion within the continent. (Nash, et al., 2007., p. 270) The War of 1812 also had the effect of strengthening American nationalism and when Spain seemed to renew its interest in rebuilding it’s American empire with the help of other European powers the Monroe Doctrine was born. (Nash, et al., 2007., p. 270) The doctrine was built upon four principles
During the era of classical societies, the Han and Roman empires were two vast cosmopolitan societies which dominated regions all throughout Eurasia. In regards to the fall of the Han and Roman empires, both were similar in that they fell victim to internal government decay, but different in that Rome fell to foreign invasions, while Han suffered from rebellions of their own people. The Han and Roman empires were similar in their fall in that they both suffered from internal decay, specifically of their governments. In the Han empire, land distribution problems that were originally sought to be fixed by the “Socialist emperor” Wang Mang allowed large landowners to become even more influential than they previously were. These landowners successfully
The US thought of the issues caused by urbanization and industrialization. The urban middle class changed developments and also bolstered the administration playing a noteworthy part intending to issues like the control of enormous businesses and also the welfare of all people in general. There was also the formation of a firm movement which aimed at compensating the reducing significant rural areas in America which were highly urbanized. The achievements during the Progressive era depended on the endeavors of before the change developments. There was a government pay impose and also the race of congresspersons who were a piece of the populist program and also a prohibition which was developed from the Pre-civil war.
In contrast, the Spanish were able to conquer the Aztecs and Incas much quicker. Some of this was due to help they received from other groups of Natives and the situations that were present in these societies when the Spanish arrived. Most of this was due to the debilitating effects European diseases had on Native Americans. Another difference between the two groups’ interactions is the different ways the Africans and Native Americans reacted to the Europeans’ presence. Since the Americas had been isolated from the rest of the world before 1492, they did not know how to react to the arrival of the Europeans and were frightened by how different they were.
Despite the fact that British rule in India during the Imperial period was extremely negative for the Indian people, it ultimately created an improved Indian nation. The British forced the idea of monoculture, were racist, created unfair trade and economic distress. However, they did provide an education system, improved human rights, promoted peace and created a more modern society for the Indian nation. The British rule began in the early 1600’s. The Mughal rule was the government at the time but it was easily conquered by the British in the 1700’s because it was so weak and corrupt.
During the early 1400’s European exploration initiated changes in technology, farming, disease and other cultural things ultimately impacting the Native Americans and Europeans. Throughout Columbus’ voyages, he initiated the global exchange that changed the world. The exchange of plants, animals, and diseases between the Old and New World began soon after Columbus returned to Spain from the Americas. These changes had multiple effects, that were both positive and negative. Although the Columbian Exchange had numerous benefits and drawbacks but the drawbacks outweighs the benefits.
The direct encounter between the European explorers and the native population had had consequences on numerous issues and their interaction led to dominance of the ideas and beliefs. In the context of Columbian Exchange, the old world, roughly consisting of the western countries gained in a number of ways-discoveries of new supply of metals and new prosperous crops and vast arable land (Qian, 2010). The consequences from their interaction gave rise to the improvement in trade as a result of exploring new routes to promote trade and the scientific exploration which eventually allowed Europe to stand out in the global system in the late 17th century. However, along with those improvements, there are many negative consequences that arose as a result of European exploration that still have devastating impacts on the world system today and which are still highly debated