In Massachusetts, the Anti-Federalists, led by James Madison, argued that the Bill of Rights was necessary to protect people rights from the government because the government might get too powerful and hurt people’s rights and freedom. They had this fear because they suffered from the British tyranny and worried that the highly centralized government would make the miserable history happen again. Nevertheless, in favor of the government, the Federalists insisted that the Bill of Rights were unnecessary because the Constitution already limited the power of government, so it would not get too powerful. Also, they worried that people might forget to list certain rights in the Bill of Rights, so if later they were fighting for their rights that were not written in the document, the government might use it against them. Eventually, a compromise was made through a vote in Massachusetts; Anti-Federalists agreed to ratify the Constitution without the Bill of Rights, but they should also submit amendments for the Congress to consider adding the Bill of Rights. This compromise sparked people’s thoughts to protect their rights and freedom from the powerful government, and finally, the Bill of Rights became part of the Constitution in
The American Revolution or Revolutionary War, was a battle fought between the years of 1775-1783. In this battle, Great Britain and the original thirteen colonies of America, fought for America’s independence. From this war, America was able to separate itself from Great Britain and claim its independence, making America a free country.
The American and French revolutions are similar in some ways but different in others. Both of the revolutions were liberating, but the French revolution was more violent and bloodier than the American. As to the American revolution was more conservative and federal.
The Declaration of Independence is one of the most important documents in History; it was accepted into the Continental Congress on July 4, 1776. The Declaration of Independence summarizes the colonist’s motivations in seeking their own independence away from Great Britain. By doing so, they had acknowledged themselves as an independent nation. The American colonists were now able to approve an official alliance with France and to gain French support in the war against Great Britain. During the 1760’s the North American colonists found themselves more and more at chances with the British imperial policies in regards to the taxation and policies. When continual disapprovals failed to affect the British policies, it lead to the closing of the port of Boston. When fighting broke out amongst the American colonists and British militaries in Massachusetts, the Continental Congress operated with local individuals, who were formerly
In result, economic changes would come to the colonies. Parliament met in 1763 and came to the conclusion that they were not receiving the profit they needed from the colonies (Document F). As a result, many taxes were passed by British Parliament upon the colonies, including the Sugar Act, the Stamp Act (Document H) and the Tea Act. The American colonies were not happy, to say the least. Americans protested, saying that these taxes were unnecessary and unfair. Arguably, these taxes were only placed by Britain to “milk” the colonies for profit. Ben Franklin responded to the Stamp Act, writing a letter to John Hughs to discuss efforts to get it repealed (Document G). . In a way, the series of taxes applied by Parliament would spark a fire within the colonists and begin the American Revolution, where Americans finally say enough is enough. The time had come for political and ideological change, where the colonies would break from their motherland, Great Britain.
Although, there was one thing standing in the way, the Anti-Federalists. The Anti-Federalists were people who did not support the Constitution and were against ratifying it. The first states to ratify the Constitution was Delaware, than Pennsylvania, New Jersey, Georgia, and Connecticut followed. Massachusetts opposed the idea of the Constitution, but feared if they didn’t ratify they wouldn’t be in the union. Shortly after Maryland, South Carolina and New Hampshire followed. New York and Virginia, two major states with a massive impact, were hesitant to ratify. These states were filled with Anti-Federalist, who feared strong central government, as well as the president becoming dictator or king. In order to persuade the Anti-Federalists, Alexander Hamilton and John Jay created the Federalists Papers. Then finally, enough states had ratified for the Constitution to go in effect, although Virginia, New York, North Carolina, and Rhode Island had not yet ratified. The Anti-Federalists felt that the Constitution needed a Bill of Rights to protect personal freedoms. In response to , the Bill of Rights was created, then finally Virginia, New York, North Carolina, and Rhode Island were satisfied, causing the Constitution to be ratified by all 13
The constitution was signed and sent out to the states in 1787, but was not ratified until 1788. During this time in the states the constitution caused a great deal of controversy. While some, the Federalists, believed that a constitution is exactly what was needed, others, the Anti-Federalists, felt that a constitution severely needed a bill of rights. There are many reasons a bill of rights was included in the constitution. Although it was not in the first copy, it was promised to be in the next one if nine states would ratify it. The Anti-Federalists also believed that a constitution without a bill of rights would give excessive power to the federal government over individual states and the people. Also there was fear that a constitution
Hence Federalists came up with the Bill of Rights as a way to get the Constitution ratified and for people to really see a needed change. The Bill Of Rights which lists specific prohibitions on governmental power, lead the Anti-Federalists to be less fearful of the new Constitution . This guaranteed that the people would still remain to have rights, but the strong central government that the country needed would have to be approved. The 1804 Map of the nation shows that even after the ratification of the United States Constitution there still continued to be “commotion” and dispute in the country.(Document 8) George Washington stated that the people should have a say in the nation and government and everything should not be left to the government to decide.(Document 3) Although George Washington was a Federalist many believed he showed a point of view that seemed to be Anti-Federalists. Many believed that The Bill of Rights needed to be changed and modified and a new document’s time to come into place. As it was definitely difficult to do so, the Constitution was ratified in
Even though the Stamp Act was repealed, parliament created the declaratory act which enforced parliament’s right to make rules to bring the people together. Britain furthered their grasp on the colonies by indirectly taxing them by adding the tax to price causing a rise in prices, known as the Townshend Act. Along with the indirect tax on imported materials there was also a tax of 3 pennies on tea. The indirect taxes caused anger within the colonies and they began to protest, they protested “No taxation without representation” and boycotted british goods, such as tea and british made cloth, and began to make their own. On March 5th, 1770, a group of Boston men surrounded British soldiers and began taunting them, as the group got more and more out of hand the British began firing at them killing several and wounding many (Document 4). Out of rage due to the chaos of taxed tea, Boston rebels disguised themselves as Indians and dumped the British tea into the Boston harbor. King George III out of spite and anger forced parliament to set up the intolerable act which shut down the boston harbor because the colonists refused to pay for the damage done and set up the quartering act which forced colonists to house soldiers in barracks provided by
The Constitution of the United States was formed 223 years ago. Since 1787, a lot has changed. We grew as a country, technology advanced, and we elected 43 different presidents. One of witch, being the first African-American President in history. Due to its age, some may argue that the Constitution is irrelevant to today’s problems. However, the Constitution is relevant. The Constitution is still relevant today because, it guarantees rights and freedoms to citizens, gives our country guidelines, and prevents a government from having too much power. America’s past, present, and future are bound and kept free by the Constitution. That is what makes the Constitution relevant. In a few words, the Constitution is the United States.
There are economic, cultural, and political are the effects of the industrial revolution and European imperialism on both European nations and their colonies during the time period 1700-1914. European nations gained oversea colonies in North and South America, Africa and Asia. The European nations conquer Africa because they needed raw materials. European-introduced European culture, language, and religion to Africa. The European opened schools in Africa, which teach in the European language and spread Christianity. The European nations divided African and China into colonies.
The Bill of Rights was ratified on December 15, 1791 written by James Madison. The Bill of Rights was written and added into the Constitution in order to protect the rights of the citizens. The Bill of Rights was added into the Constitution by a compromise between the Anti-Federalists and the Federalists. Federalists were citizens who supported the new Constitution. While Anti-Federalists were another group of citizens who were scared to have another king or a abusive government, basically did not support the Constitution.But the funny thing is that the Anti-Federalists insisted on adding the Bill of Rights to the Constitution. With the Bill of Rights, come amendments Amendments are what make our Constitution modern.
The United States Declaration of Independence is the statement adopted by the Second Continental Congress meeting at the Pennsylvania State House (now known as Independence Hall) in Philadelphia on July 4, 1776. The Declaration announced that the thirteen American colonies at war with the Kingdom of Great Britain would now regard themselves as thirteen independent sovereign states no longer under British rule. With the Declaration, these states formed a new nation – the United States of America . Upon this legislation became law, it allowed American citizens to live a betterment of life and execute their rights of liberty, freedom, and equality. The new United States would become the nation among all nations.
Lets first talk about both countries gaining their independence. In 1849, France began to take over Guinea, a country located in western Africa in 1849. Before then, they country were being ruled by the Muslims. Alongside, other European countries such as the Portuguese people, and British also began to take over other African countries such as Liberia, Senegal, Ghana, Nigeria, Sierra Leone, etc. At this point, all the African countries were being taken over by the three European countries. The europeans began to slowly divide Guinea in half which led to the country being divided into two separate countries, Guinea and Guinea-Bissau, “The France-Portuguese agreement, dating back to 1886, created the division between the Guinea Republic and
After the Declaration of Independence in 1787, the Federal Government turned to the creation of the Constitution in which delegates from 13 states convened to make compromises on their beliefs for the betterment of a nation. Although the Bill of Rights was initially not a part of the Constitution, the Federalists thought that it was crucial to ensure ratification of the Constitution. This ratification was one of the main reasons why the Bill of Rights needed to be added. Federalists feared a strong, central government, and created a Bill of Rights in order to prevent government abuse. Others believed that a dominating Government could prohibit rights in the future, which would not necessarily be expressed in the Bill of Rights. The Bill of