In the midst of the Industrial Revolution, imperialism became inevitable as Europeans needed raw materials for industrialization. As time passed, Europeans grew covetous for money and goods. During the late 1800s, both Africa and China was uncontrolled and had some of the most essential raw resources and luxuries. Raw materials were required in order to keep European industrialization flourishing. Thus European government wanted economic opulence by obtaining raw materials in Africa, and by imperializing China to trade so the accumulated profit can be used to purchase Chinese goods.
Africa was filled with such incredible natural resources such as; copper, ivory, and rubber, the europeans countries competed among themselves to control the colonies. The natives lost control of land and independence, the Africans were used as slaves, the interest in the waterways to Asia also pulled them towards Africa. European countries took away people 's homes and way of life and it isn 't fair to the native people. Great Britain and France were the two countries that owned most of the land in Africa. Great Britain owned Egypt and Sudan whereas France owned Algeria and Tunisia.
The railway also shortened the distance between the Kenyan coast and Uganda. This was done to facilitate trade which been started by the Imperial British East African Company. The costs of trade were also reduced by the railway as human porters were no onger required. Kenya lacked minerals and upon establishment of colonial rule in Kenya, attention was drawn towards farming as the colony’s main economic activity. When the colonial government finished building a railway line from the Kenyan coast all the way to Uganda, settler farming was promoted in order to make the railway pay for itself.
The next advancement created by the Europeans was the imperialism across Africa. Many different countries started to invade Africa without regards of the of the Africans, for their own benefit and it spread so many negative effects to the African people. The final reason that shows how the negative effects of industrialization and imperialism were far greater than the positive ones, is how many of the outcomes are still visible and occurring today. The Industrial Revolution was a time of new inventions and methods of production, such as factory work. The results of industrialism led to many positive, such as the many new advancements, and negative effects, including the hardships and burdens placed on the people, but the hardships the people gained outweighed the positive effects.
This could lead to the actualization of an African Common Market in future. C. Development of infrastructure There is need by African countries to develop their communications and transportation infrastructure. This generally explains the current role of east and Chinese penetration into African development. Poor roads, dysfunctional ports, poor rail systems and underdeveloped water transport system augment costs for trade and this discourages investors and interested business parties from investing into the continent. It is also imperative that energy infrastructure is developed in the continent.
Imperialism is the ambition of a powerful nation to dominate the political, economical, and cultural affairs of another nation or region. The idea of imperialism occurred after the Industrial Revolution in the late 19th century and early 20th century. The specific years of imperialism are from 1870-1914. The regions that were affected by imperialism include Africa, Asia, and Latin America. These region were wanted by the imperialist powers of this time, which were: Germany, Great Britain, Belgium, France, Italy, Portugal, and Spain.
Its influence also lasted long after the abolition of slavery in 1838 (SAHO, s.a.). In South Africa under Dutch settlement, there was a shortage of labour, especially on the wheat and wine farms (SAHO, s.a.). But the VOC did not want to spend its money on the expensive wages that European labourers demanded (SAHO, s.a.). Nor could the VOC use the Khoi people as slaves. The Khoi traded with the Dutch, providing cattle for fresh meat (SAHO, s.a.).
Aastha Yadav Parag Jyoti Saikia World Civilization 12 March 2018 How Does Colonization and Global Economy effect on African Society? Colonization refers” Process of controlling power by dominant group over recessive group or area” Europeans came Africa for trading purpose and introduced slavery that deviated Africans life and society. Colonization and global economy effect Africa, it damaged tradition economy, culture, political policies and dramatically it effect on land and labor. Globalization and colonization often increased tension and led to violence among ethnic groups. A part of it Europeans also built Africa in terms of education, development and growth, reformed political and social policies, new technology came out etc.
Fair trade and free trade have an unforeseen amount of shared policies. Both groups are concerned with lessening the poverty and increase global success. Free trade is said to take place amongst countries when there are no barriers to trade by governments or international organizations. Goods are able to exchange freely between countries. The fair trade was developed and enforced to help small entrepreneurs from developing nations to compete with products manufactured by their counterparts in advanced nations so that they are not damaged by the lack of support to gather adequate resources for making.
Market Liberalization policies were part of the structural adjustment programs (SAP) required by the World Bank (WB) and International Monetary Fund (IMF) as a prerequisite to obtaining loans from the two institutions in the 1980s. The SAPs were introduced to address the economic problems faced by most African countries at the time. Under market liberalization policies, recipient countries had to open up previously state controlled agricultural markets to allow the private sector to participate in agricultural marketing. The rationale for market liberalization policies was that removing state protectionist policies would increase formerly depressed prices, thereby providing incentives for increased production among producers. In addition, the