Although, the Industrial Revolution resulted in very much pain, the Europeans did just as much damage when they invaded Africa, with no regards to the original African people. The imperialism in Africa included many countries from Europe, all with their own reasons to invade Africa, including land, power, resources, and more. In the text, "Confessions of Faith," Cecil Rhodes states, "Africa is still lying ready for us it is our duty to take it. It is our duty to seize every opportunity of acquiring more territory." This statement illustrates England 's point of view towards imperialism and also provides their reasons for imperializing to Africa.
Initially, European countries were looking for a water passage to China so they would be able to trade for their goods. Spain, who lead the charge, landed in Central and South America, captured gold and silver. From this the Spain were able to grow their army and hence, their political power. Next in line were the France who landed in North America and discovered the land to be ripe with animal pelts which brought great wealth to the French. The Dutch had found the same success as the France.
Europe had colonized approximately 90% of the continent by 1914, ignoring how unjust not seeking African participation had been. African leaders had no representation during the proceedings to divide their land. With only the countries of Liberia and Ethiopia remaining independent, Europeans were at their height. The first main driving force for European imperialism in Africa was political competition. European political rivalry for Africa’s land only intensified the already tense situation, giving further reason for European countries to colonize Africa.
In the days of 1450 Europe, the Europeans were emerging out of the dark middle ages. They were moving away from tradition and coming upon a new sense of enlightenment. During this time the Ottoman Empire, leaders of the Turkish warriors for the faith of Islam, ruled the East and all its surroundings. The Ottoman Empire gained, by force, control of the trade routes and closed off all of the trade routes to Asia, India, and other thriving trading nations. This was a problem for the Europeans, so they decided to try a new route and sailed west rather than east.
(Gellar 1986,122) Consequently, the Europeans started conquering many parts of Sub-Saharan Africa, imposed many unjust rules, forced many to Westernize, and treated them harshly. The Europeans’ discriminatory attitude towards the Africans greatly affected them in so many ways. They, too, started to think they were inferior and their culture was unworthy of embracing. Consequently, some started adopting Christianity, learning European languages, and some even adopted their way of
During its period of exploration, Europe developed a major impact on areas like Asia, Africa, and the Americas, by areas like Portugal and Spain, as well as the French and Dutch. The exploration not only increased trade, but launched a whole new view of the world to Europe. For example, the Portuguese discovered new items through spice trade that could benefit with trade throughout all of Europe. Or when Spain discovered the Americas and began trading slaves from Africa to both Spain and Portugal. Ages like when the English first colonized all impacted how European Exploration alone changed the view of the world for Asia, Africa, and the Americas.
Preceding the second half of European Imperialism, a large portion of Europe held more prominent power than the vast majority of Africa due to their technological and economic advantages from the Industrial Revolution which did not influence Africa as much as it did Europe, and in view of this perspective, many Africans simply succumbed to European power as they could not compete where they did not compare. For instance, a battle on the Congo River in 1877 that Mojimba, an African chief, saw against the British also contained African mercenaries for the British. Mojimba discussed this battle thirty years after it
Though, it was doubtful enough to see waves of European colonizers came except France. France, however, made a choice less journey to establish its superiority over the vacant region of Indochina. Being a latecomer disgraced the sentiments of French domination on its colonies. The French existence on Indochina territory helped nothing but tragic legacy of aggressiveness toward local people’s intention. The quick implementations of French colonizer delivered an enquiry of what reason behind French aggressive colonization.
A historical background of Colonialism: Colonialism is a political system that has been dealt with by many scholars and historians. There many definitions of colonialism and its outset in history. The policy or practice of acquiring full or partial political control over another country, occupying it with settlers, and exploiting it economically: the state apparatus that was dominant under colonialism (Oxford dictionnary). The word colony was first used in the fourteenth century ( Encarta « colony ». The word colony comes from the Latin colōnia which is derived from colōnus,this word means colonist but it is also used to imply a farmer.
Italian forces invaded Abyssinia, Africa in 1935. The justification for this invasion was to improve Italian national prestige after Abyssinia defeated them in a previous battle decades prior (Saunders, 2010). The island of Sicily was captured and defeated by the Italians and Germans in 49 days. The United states and its allies defeated Italian forces in Sicily. This caused great embarrassment for the country.