Christians enriched Roman theology and art through cultural interactions. Culture was dramatically changed due to the transformation of religion to Christianity. Emperors constructed many new temples in honor of Christianity. The architecture puts a greater emphasis on the interior and the meaningful visuals instead of the exterior like they used to do. Churches provided social services like schooling and medical care.
He began a legalist and centralized form government and reconfigured Chinese history and society. Likewise, after a period of feudalism in Europe, a new monarch emerged in France named King Louis XIV. Similar to Qin Shi Huangdi, he gained power once his father,
Dontae Joseph AP U.S. History Grade 11 Europeans had gone to the New World is search of wealth, power, or religious reasons, all had hoped for a better than in Europe. Religion was one of the reasons why the colonies had first developed, it helped create religious freedom and allowed people to continues their religious practice without persecution. However, not all the colonies had centered themselves around religion. In the early American colonies religion had a big impact on the development in the New England, Chesapeake, and Mid-Atlantic Colonies. The New England, Chesapeake, and the Mid-Atlantic Colonies were beginning to find their reason of life whether it be around religion, wealth, or profit each colony had centered around a different
From 1500 to 1914, empires began forming all throughout the Eastern and Western hemispheres, all competing for world power, whether it be the economic, land power, or cultural influence. Like many of these empires, the nations of Europe were big advocates of imperialism and world power. The continuity of their use of “European Racism,” and advancement of technology helped them achieve their great power throughout the centuries. While their adaptation of political administration throughout the centuries helped them take over and operate under large native lands, while still having efficient rule. Overall, the continuities and changes in imperial enterprises from 1500 to 1914 led to more advanced and efficient rule among most modern empires.
Aspects such as these, ultimately, led these two empires to be, arguably, the most influential societies in the world; as their legacies still live on today. Political integration between both empires had both similarities and differences, most notably being different with the ways they chose those to rule. In Imperial Rome, bureaucracy relied on local elites (landholders) and the middle-class citizens to control provinces. Imperial Rome was far less complex, compared to the bureaucracy of Han China. Many official positions within the government were bought or became hereditary through family wealth as opposed to earned by merit, due to this fact, the Roman bureaucracy often suffered from poor governance.
The Influence of Confucianism, Legalism, and Buddhism on Chinese Empires and Society The history of the ancient China is filled with explorations and reforms of the most suitable, effective, and adaptable state ideology for different empires and the society ruled. Up till Tang dynasty, since the early emperors themselves had little idea what would be ideal and what would not, different ideologies were endorsed in a much experimental way, among which three major ideologies played important roles in shaping the Chinese empires that advocated them and affecting the values and behaviors of the society under the rule of these empires. These three ideologies are Legalism, Confucianism, and Buddhism, and were adopted by Qin, Han, and Tang dynasty
Rowe explains the Qing approach to governing its huge empire as an attempt to conduct “government on the cheap”, referring to their principles of benevolent rule inclusive of light taxes and minimal direct involvement in local society, a pseudo laissez faire model through under governed China. Although this approach allowed the Qing to consolidate control over China with relatively few resources, it resulted in a fragile relationship between the government and local society with the
Tang Emperor Wu, the ruler of the most influential empire, is calling for Confucius followers to strengthen their devotion to their values and beliefs linking Confucianism with their identity; Chinese culture. Because of this, conservative Chinese see Buddhism as a threat to social order in their country by reflecting many ideals that oppose to Confucian values which commanded the political and social life in the country for more than a century which had grown China into one of the most powerful empires worldwide, where people believed in understanding their role in life and following the Five Relationships under all circumstances to satisfy Heaven. Therefore, the spread of Buddhism represented a dishonor to the spirits by encouraging social disobedience. Additionally, Buddhism illustrated defiance to the Gods and ancient traditional spirits, seeing Buddhism as an unfavorable
Followed by the first age of Imperialism in the 1600s when the Spanish conquistadors sailed the Atlantic Ocean, the second age of imperialism occurred. Imperialism is when a more powerful country takes over a less powerful country. The European rulers came together in 1885 at The Berlin Conference to discuss the new conquest of Africa. At this time, Africa was viewed as a piece of cake and each “slice” was distributed to each European country depending on its power.In the 1800s right after the Industrial Revolution, the Europeans were colonizing the African territory. As a result, Britain, France and the Netherlands had grown more powerful.
However, there had been recent skepticism among Western scholars of this once-dominant view on Chinese modern history. The historian Philip Kuhn, in his work Origins of the Modern Chinese State, also dismissed it as “a larger discussion emerging within China” and attempted to trace the origins of the Chinese reform agenda from the crisis of the 1790s (popular rebellions on the frontier regions and natural calamities). Notwithstanding his well-grounded acknowledgement of the continuity that links the earlier reforms with the later modernization campaigns, there are reasons to believe that the Opium Wars represented an abrupt turning point in the Chinese reform