In February 1765, Parliament enacted the Stamp Act, an act forcing colonists to pay for every piece of paper they purchased. This included legal documents, newspapers, pamphlets, playing cards, and other paper products. The Stamp Act was the first direct tax to be imposed upon the American colonies. The King needed to pay off his 130 million pound debt from the French and Indian War, so he decided to tax the colonists without their consent. The people of Great Britain were already being taxed heavily, while the colonists had the lightest taxes of the entire British Empire.
Imperialism, which is the policy of a strong country extending power and influence through diplomacy or military force to take control over a weaker country. In simpler words, imperialism is when a strong country takes control over a weaker country. Imperialism has been present throughout the world 's history and still has influence today. Some specific causes of imperialism are economics, ethnocentrism, exploration, politics, and religion. Two events that were caused by imperialism was World War One and the invasion of Africa.
• Prior Knowledge These are the events that were prior and preceding to the time period the inscription was written in. Firstly, there were the opium wars. The opium wars were two wars from 1839 to 1860. These wars were fought be China and Britain as a result of disputes over the British trade of opium. England brought China to their knees as a result of England’s powerful navy fleet and military defenses.
Lin Zexu even expelled all British men and women after destroying opium stocks. The British merchants went back angrily and asked the British government to dispatch troops to China. They wanted to use military power to open up the gate of “free trade” in China. After an intensive debate between the war party and the peace group of parliamentarians, they decided to go to war. Unexpectedly from the perspective of the Qing emperor, he lost the war.
4. How did the Great War for Empire change the relationship between England and its American colonies? The Great War for Empire, or Seven Years’ War went on between 1756 and 1763. The unfair taxation of the colonists is what sparked this war; there were also several other political and economic factors, which also played a large part. Since trade was boosted, Americans came to accumulate a large amount of debt to the British creditors.
Britain’s forced introduction of opium in 1825 in China had devastating effects on its population and economy. The people of China express their just displeasure with the British people and its monarchy in documents 1, 2, and 9. In Document 1, a Chinese emperor is addressing the King George of England in 1793 in a letter. The letter states that the Celestial Empire (China) has all the things that it needs in abundance and therefore does not need to trade with the “barbarians” of England. The excerpt goes on to say that because tea, silk, and porcelain are so important to Europe that they would allow a foreign hongs (businesses) in the town of Canton, so that they may be beneficial to China.
The next factor that made the British colonise South Africa for power is for colonial rule. Colonial rule is a competition for power in South Africa. they fought for power against other European Empires. To avoid any conflicts, the Europeans and the U.S leader gathered in Berlin during 1884. They split up Africa so each empire would get a part of Africa (“petrimoulx.pbworks.com”).
In 1911, the bourgeois democratic revolution (the Xinhai Revolution) led by Sun Yat-sen abolished the feudal monarchy, and established the Republic of China, therefore starting the modern history of China. When Sun Yat-sen died Chiang Kai-shek took his place and built up the nationalist army. With his army he reclaimed Chinese land from other countries. Then the Nationalist Party split forming a Communist party who believed that the peasants should have a say in the government. Chiang Kai-shek disagreed with this and sided with the wealthy farmers.
French territory stretch around Great Britain 's territory which stood way in the expansion of Great Britain 's colonies. The colonies were in constant conflict to control trade centres and to expand territory. This conflict between the French and Great Britain was the main reasons for the beginning of the seven years war. The third most identified reason that impacted the relationship between great britain and the 13 colonies was colonial identity. The colonies legalized the slave trade, which caused diverse ideas between the North and the Southern colonies.
Imperialism was a major cause of WW1 because Britain, Germany and France needed foreign markets after the increase in manufacturing caused by the industrial Revolution (BBC, 2008). The three countries competed for economic expansion over the whole of Africa. This caused plenty of conflicts between France & Great Britain and between Germany on one side and France and Great Britain on the other side, almost precipitated a European war between the three nations. Sometimes colonies are acquired after a fully-fledged invasion or a fight against the local population. British control of South Africa was established after a series of campaigns and native tribes like the Zulus, followed by two magnificent wars with the Boers (farmers of Dutch extraction) (Quizlet, 2013).
This drug was used as a tool by the colonial powers. One of the governor in China decided to destroy 2.6 millions pound of opium. The European are trying to make more money and power. I totally understand they’re trying to find a way to survived and feed their people but the problem
The United States and France had a deal between each other with the land of Louisiana called the Louisiana Purchase. Our country gained about eight hundred twenty seven thousand square miles of the land West of the Mississippi River for $15 million from France. President Thomas Jefferson wrote a letter in April 1802 to Pierre Samuel and predicted that this event was the beginning of a war which will explode on the countries of both of the shores of the Atlantic. For the U.S, the spread to the West, the boating down the Mississippi River, and the approach to the port of New Orleans became demanding to American Commerce. So that made the transfer of authority cause concern.
The idea of decolonization, or breaking away from the grips of imperialist nations and establishing one’s own national independence and ways of governing, is what sparked the revolutions and actions of many nations that were dominated by the Europeans or other imperialists. With that, the Chinese revolution occurred as a result of the increasing desire of Chinese communists to free China from colonialism. (754) Unfortunately, Chinese communists could not take any action because of Chiang Kai-shek’s Nationalist regime that expelled Communists out Chinese cities and caused them to go into hiding. (756) It was the year of 1934 when the communist party garnered back attention. Led by Mao Zedong, the leader of the communist party, many Chinese communists joined a “6,000 mile journey through rugged terrain of northwestern China.” (756) It was at this stage of the Chinese revolution where the subsequent development of China into a global economic power took off.
During the early eighteenth century, Britain started its trade with China by importing several indigenous goods such as silk, porcelain, and tea in exchange for silver. However, Britain incurred a significant trade deficit in this economic relationship and decided to start growing opium in India, which was facilitated by Britain’s colossal trading company known as the British East India Company. The British began to illegally trade and sell opium in China, which induced tension and conflict between the two countries. The effects of this epidemic of opioid addiction vastly changed the overall foundation of China’s economy, society, and government. Although Britain’s opium trade significantly affected life in Chinese society by leading to increased