Imperialism: Rivalry Between Great Britain And China

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Imperialism is a system where a powerful nation controls and exploits one or more colonies and imperial rivalry is a rivalry that takes place during imperialism. Some of the most prominent rivalries in international diplomacy in Africa and Asia during the late eighteen hundreds and early nineteen hundreds is the conflict between Great Britain and France, between Japan and Russia, and between Great Britain and China. After the treaty of Berlin made the European powers want even more land, Great Britain and France clashed in the village of Fashoda. When Great Britain was expanding south from Egypt towards the Cape, France was expanding towards the east from French West Africa to Somaliland. A British force under Lord Kitchener met a french…show more content…
In Great Britain, instead of spending their own silver, they sold opium with Chinese citizens for silver to be used to trade between governments. Great Britain was exploiting China for its products while also smuggling in illegal drugs. After China ordered the opium to be taken away in 1839, merchants were outraged and asked the British government for assistance. The British soon attacked along the Chinese coast in June of 1840, and with their old military technology, China lost to the British. Britain made China agree to pay a large fine, open five more ports to foreign trade, give British citizens special legal rights in China, and offer the British a 99-year lease for the island of Hong Kong. China later referred to this as the ‘Unequal Treaty’. In short, European control over Africa and Asia added a further dimension to the rivalry and suspicion which was in international diplomacy in the decades before World War I. Some of the most prominent rivalries in international diplomacy in Africa and Asia during the late eighteen hundreds and early nineteen hundreds is the conflict between Great Britain and France, between Japan and Russia, and between Great Britain and

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