T.S Eliot uses the symbol of water to extract life and not beginning a new life like Marlow did. In line 342, the “spring rain” brought life to the wasteland, but the wasteland does not let anything grow. The lack of rain does not let new life to be created, showing the water is a necessity for life. In section four, Death by Water, a man died by drowning in the water that was in the sea. In the Wasteland, there is barely any water, but this man “passed the stages of his age and youth”, dying by “entering [a] whirlpool (Eliot 317).
Eliot’s poem, titled “The Burial of the Dead,” he uses a lack of water to show the absence of fertility in the minds of modern Europe. Eliot very closely relates his ideas to those in Heart of Darkness. In the poem, the narrator says, “Your arms full; and your hair wet, I could not / Speak, and my eyes failed, I was neither / Living nor dead, and I knew nothing” (Eliot 38-40). Water has become quite scarce, but when water becomes available, people remain empty of knowledge. There is water right in front of the narrator’s face, but because the narrator does not take the chance to get to know it, this person remains ignorant.
However, God himself is not present in the poem, except in corrupted forms like the Hanged Man in the Tarot pack (reference here to the Hanged God of Frazer) or the drowned Phoenician Sailor, who recovers as “Phlebas the Phoenician” in the fourth section, “Death by Water.” A visualization of ‘The Waste Land’ as a pilgrimage, a quest for the Holy Grail, or an eloquent elegy to a fallen technological Europe can be seen. Eliot references both the arcane and the renowned, thereby teaching his readers as he writes. Eliot analyses the critical role played by religious symbols and motifs. He portrays the ancient fertility rituals, in which the adequecy of the land was associated to the health of the Fisher King, a damaged figure who could be alleviated through the sacrifice of an icon. The Fisher King is therefore connected to the Holy Grail folklore, in which the only object capable of healing the land is the grail.
He states, “clot” and “knot” and “summer’s blood was in it” and “lust for picking.” this emphasizes how people try to preserve things that they love, but also the desire to keep it forever but knowing it will come to an end. The deeper meaning of this poem is through experience. The author looks back at his past to then using metaphor to describe what he had experienced throughout his youthful life in the rural area of berry picking. He’s recalling his memories to describe how he feels, although he vocalizes the youthful momentum, he enhances the cycle of life and knowing it will soon “rot” he desires that there will be another life, full of hopes, and full of harvest with new
He used fragmentation in his poetry to juxtapose literary texts against one another. When it comes to topics, Eliot saw society as helpless and wounded, furthermore he visualized that culture was decaying, and he tried to capture that. As a modernist writer, Eliot was fascinated by the idea of symbolism, and consequently, this can be observed in his poems. Usually making use of symbolism using music, he juxtaposed lyrics from an opera by Richard Wagner with songs from pubs in “The Waste Land”. He believed that high culture, including art, opera, and drama, was in decline while popular culture was on the rise.
Thomas Sterns Eliot who was a great American-British poet, playwright, literary critic and editor was a leader of the Modernist movement in poetry in such works as The Prufrock, The Waste Land and The Hollow Men. He almost completely and single - handedly brought about a revolution in thought, attitude and style in English poetry, and ushered in the modern age. His experiments in diction, style, and versification revitalized English poetry, and in a series of critical essays he shattered old orthodoxies and erected new ones. This new genre of poetry was initiated by T.S. Eliot through the publication of his poem, The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock, in 1917, a collection of poems that gave birth to a new genre of poetry – modern poetry.
Through his poems, he forces people to know the history of the development of English poetry and to look at the seventeenth-century England with a new vision of Romanticism. At the same time, his works deepen people 's understanding of French symbolism in the nineteenth century and make people more aware of the possibility of drawing lessons from foreign poetry. Eliot uses tradition and personal innovation, combined with the revitalization of the twentieth-century British poetry, which leads to poems full of vitality. Based on the poem “The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock,” this paper explores the poet 's exploration and innovation in the aspects of poetic skills and content. The early works of Eliot are in a low tone, and he often uses association, metaphor, and suggestion to express modern people 's depression.
This being illustrated when the priest, describes the state of affairs, refers to the tide of death from which there is no escape, death in the fields, death in the pastures, death in the wombs of the women, death that caused by the plague which grips the people. “The plague spreads everywhere, a stain seeping through our streets, our fields, and our house” (42-42) Oedipus expresses his sympathetic feelings to the priest that his heart is burden by the collective suffering of all the people. The chorus which is the entry song of the prologue highlights the feelings of fear and pity in the people. Another
The usage of imagery is used bit by bit throughout the poem, such as the words “bill of taxes”, “Cheap Liquor”, “sack of cash” and “Luxurious Liquor” where it made the readers feel the contrast of the atmosphere or situation between the peasant and the knight end up at. The poem also ends with a line that provides an imagery feel, “The aches and twinges go fully overshadowed, by the powerful valor, of the knight’s arrow” gives off the descriptions of a hot and burning arrow (valor) that kills off the efforts of the peasant. The author even uses enjambment to emphasise the sentence “of the knight’s arrow”, which tells us that the reason of why the peasant is in sorrow is due to the “the knight’s arrow”. Repetition and motif was also used in this poem, the line “The peasant works from day till night, His back aches and twinges from a full day of might” was repeated in the first and the last stanza, highlighting and reminding the readers of the pain and suffering the peasant is experiencing, and proving the significance of the peasant’s feeling. Lastly, the major literary device used throughout the poem is symbolism and analogy.
In contrast, the mention of “blasts the roots of trees” in the second line of the poem presents a striking image of destruction rather than that of creation, and highlights the duality of nature (Thomas, The Poems of Dylan Thomas). In the third stanza, a hand “whirls the water,” “stirs the quicksand” and “ropes the blowing wind.” These phrases from the poem portray a image of disorder and ferocity. Another line “hauls my shroud sail,” creates an almost ghostlike concept that is mysterious and provides a vivid representation of demise, as a shroud is a cloth used to wrap a dead body. This image combined with the images of the whirling water, stirred quicksand and blowing wind from the preceding lines help to create a clear picture of danger and destruction. In the fourth stanza, the image of the sucking “lips of time” connects to the idea of love.