Impetigo Bacterial Infection: Case Study

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1) Impetigo: Impetigo is a bacterial infection that typically affects children ages 2-5 (Hartman-Adams, Banvard, & Juckett, 2014). Impetigo is most commonly caused by Staphylococcus aureus (Hartman-Adams et al., 2014). Impetigo presents as either nonbullous or bullous (Hartman-Adams et al., 2014). Nonbullous impetigo is also known as impetigo contagiosa and makes up roughly 70% of cases (Hartman-Adams et al., 2014). Diagnosis of impetigo in both presentations is clinical (Hartman-Adams et al., 2014). Impetigo is highly contagious and is spread through direct contact (Napierkowski, 2013). Daycare or school is a common place for transmission for children and adults (Napierkowski, 2013). The weather, specifically heat and humidity, can…show more content…
The infected individual will develop vesicles or lesions over the body that are fluid filled and have a high probability of rupturing. Patients will typically present with hundreds of lesions or vesicles. The length of time for vesicle formation is 4-5 days (Soman & Madan, 2013). Chicken pox can be transmitted airborne or through direct contact with the fluid present in the vesicles (Soman & Madan, 2013). Patients with chickenpox are considered infectious48 hours prior to the vesicular rash (Soman & Madan, 2013). The incubation of chickenpox can be anywhere from 10-21 days (Soman & Madan, 2013). Once a patient has had the chickenpox, he or she develops immunity against the illness. There is a varicella vaccination that provides children with immunity against chickenpox. Both adults and children who have not had the varicella vaccination or had chickenpox should avoid contact with any persons that have the chickenpox given how contagious the illness…show more content…
AD is associated with severe itching and eczematous lesions that are reoccurring (Weidinger & Novak, 2016). Roughly one fifth of populations in developed countries are affected by AD (Weidinger & Novak, 2016). Lesions in AD can appear anywhere on the body (Weidinger & Novak, 2016). AD occurs due to an imbalance between T-helper-2 response and IgE responses to allergens, which become exaggerated (Weidinger & Novak, 2016). Patients with AD are at risk for skin infections due cracking in the skin from the dryness and

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