for living. This shows that English language not just a set of corpus, but more to the usage and the needs in real communication among the language users. Many of English language researches have investigated the content within ELC. For instance, IELTS Official Test Centre is a strong reference in evaluating and promoting English language by running English schools in Asian countries such as China, Vietnam, Thailand, Cambodia, Japan and so on, since 1988. Under IELTS, English language proficiency in the schools is measured individually and in group for the four language skills (speaking, listening, reading and writing).
In the English learning literature, the development of a positive attitude towards learning could be attributed to Integrativeness, or the genuine desire to learn a new language so that one can communicate with the members of the community who use the language as their medium of communication (Dörnyei, 1998). However, as the world has become more borderless as exemplified by the EU and the ASEAN, other attitudinal factors were conceptually included. The additions were attributed to the changing of concept from ‘English is a second language to learn’ to ‘English as an international language’(Dörnyei & Ushioda, 2009). This resulted to the addition of other attitudinal factors that include Direct contact with English speakers (attitude towards actually meeting English speakers and travelling to their countries) ; Cultural interest (appreciation of cultural products from English speaking countries conveyed by the media); Miliu (the general perception of the importance of English in the learners’ friends and family) (Dörnyei & Ushioda, 2009). From the aforementioned attitudinal factors, the following hypotheses were
In a class where all cultures are valued and respected, a realization of worthiness is brought forth. Years after this mentality is taught, it will stick with the students and improve their outlook on the world. In Mrs. Hamma’s class, teaching basic English to immigrants will help improve their speaking abilities as well as improve their social standing. Joseph Fong, a Chinese immigrant taking the course, presented to the class his reason for taking the class. He says “I taking the course in Basic English to speak good and improve my position better in this country” (Mohr 197).
Sharlyn Lauby, president of the consulting firm ITM Group Inc., stated, “With unemployment continuing to drop, recruiting is getting tougher and organizations cannot afford to just go hire someone else—companies need to understand why employees stay and what causes them to leave” (Maurer, 2017). Management also needs to address job satisfaction and commitment, which is likely the main reason for poor retention and low work performance. The human resources department can assist management with job satisfaction and commitment by evaluating and tracking employee work attitudes. Paul should know the importance of establishing clear and concise job descriptions for employees both in the managerial and workers level positions. The book states, "To avoid potential lawsuits, it is important that organizations support lists of essential job functions with hard evidence based on the information found in job descriptions and assessments of typical work duties" (Mathis, 2015,
Since young, I have been learning English and it is my main language because I practice it for various purposes. It is very applicable in Malaysia, a country that consist multiracial population where I often communicate with others in English. Hence English is widely used. Having a Standard English allows writing formal letters and typing official documents to be a lot easier. Following, English will be used as an example to explain standardization process.
My speech would look better prepared and well organized allowing me to perform it in a comfortable manner. The next time I record a speech I will make sure that the speech is put together properly, the events are placed in chrongonocal order or placed together to where they match the same theme. If these things are done not only will I receive a good grade for my assignments, but I will accomplish something I never had done before. By practicing extemporaneous speeches this semester, I will learn how to speak comfortably and educatedly without hesitation. In the United states, according to 2016, there are approximately 323.1 million people representing the population, which means more competition.
With all the call schedules and different types of departments, it is an easy for a call center employee to get confused and transfer someone to the wrong person or place. It is very important for the employees in the call center at OSF to be well trained. This is exactly the issue in medical communications at OSF. New employees are not being trained good enough for the job and a lot of mistakes are being made. In an interview, Bre explained that half of the mistakes come from undertrained employees (Hutchison).
According to Derek Bok, incoming freshmen enter college “deficient in their ability to communicate” (Bok, 2006, 67). While it seems as though they should have been learning and practicing this during primary and secondary schooling, the burden of strengthening these abilities falls on universities. To teach students how to compellingly speak and write requires additional time and effort from faculty, as well as financial resources. Though not an easy goal to accomplish, communication skills are vital in the workforce. In Simon and Banchero’s article “Putting a Price on Professors,” 30% of employers did not think their new college graduates had sufficient writing abilities (Simon & Banchero, 2010, 3).