Implications Of Politeness

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Politeness
Politeness social position or status is enigmatic and controversial for some people who do not share the same culture and value. Our mind could blow just thinking and cracking this nebulous concept of politeness as if we are deciphering a message into every society worldwide to comprehend other cultures which considered as polite to them but not to us. Numerous studies have attempted to explain politeness, for example Brown and Levinson (1978) which stated politeness as the public self-image that every member wants to claim for himself. While, Mustafa Haji Daud (1995) cited politeness as “proper conversational language, refined speech, disciplined behavior, courtesy, well-behaved manner and good character.” Politeness is also a theory describing a proper social system, rules for speech and behavior (Brown, 2015). In other language, it means politeness can be either linguistics or actions taken by people based on the social system and rules applied in the society or culture. Besides that, politeness acts as modus vivendi that allows and maintains conflicting parties to coexist in peace. This view is supported by Elisabeth Grande (2010) which claimed that taking care, being open-minded as well as hospitable to each other is within our nature of human being.
Previous researchers pointed out politeness is elucidated as conflict avoidance method in a way that reflects Western social norms (Wierzbicka, 1985; Mao, 1994). However, regardless of either Western or Eastern,
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