Inroduction In the following report the principles, benefits and challenges of independent learning will be discussed. 1.1 A classroom environment is very diverse. There are learners with different types of intelligences, cultural, social and personal backgrounds and learners with specific learning difficulties. It is important that a teacher recognize these needs and plan her teaching strategies in meeting with the learning objectives. This is where creativity and innovation enters; it is the ability to think beyond the obvious.
Assessments: peer and self-assessment are crucial in providing opportunity to metacognitive thinking about education, in addition to assess own progression for meaningful productive feedback. 5. Established learning: teacher and student roles in the learning process should be established. Teachers need to create an environment where student can establish trust and mutual respect, as well as experience harmless constructive feedback. As defined by Bell & Cowie (2001), there are nine characteristics of formative assessment: responsiveness; source of evidence; tacit process; use of professional knowledge and experience; integral measures between teaching and learning; assessments by teacher and student; purpose; appropriateness of process; and predicaments.
The teacher in a classroom that uses formative assessment must give up some control and encourage students to participate in developing learning goals and outcomes. In addition, they stress that there is a need for teachers to pay close attention to the nature, contextualization, and timing of formative assessments. If implemented incorrectly, they can have negative outcomes. The authors make several suggestions for effective implementation of formative assessments: 1. Formative assessments should not include too many recall/rote activities.
Assessment and evaluation is an instrument that is used to measure the performance of teachers and students. It is an integral part of teaching and learning process. Assessment aids in decision making as it determines whether or not the goal of education are being met. It plays a major role in how students learn, their motivation to learn and how teachers teach. It also enables one to think: “are we teaching what we think we are teaching?” “Are students learning what they are supposed to be learning?” These are relevant question that one should ask when it comes to assessment; therefore, this essay will highlight on the role of assessment in teaching and learning.
Danielson (2011) pointed out that in order prevent student misbehavior, teacher must set and develop expectations for behavior with classroom input and it must be posted for all students to see. Importantly, the standards for behavior must be appropriate with culturally as well as developmentally the class as well as each students. The students’ awareness of teachers continually monitor the class can also be prevented by student misbehavior. This is one of the characteristics of teacher’s competence in applying monitoring strategies, allowing the students to assume areas of possible concern. When intervention strategies must be imposed, teachers and students’ dignity should be retained and going back to the task of learning.
Teachers must consider many different aspects of teaching in order to educate and create a beneficial environment for learning to take place. However, as a preservice teacher, I have learned that this task is more difficult than it seems. For instance, I realized that one aspect that must be taken into consideration is that the decisions we make during the class might determine the relationship with our students, outcome of the class or trigger unwanted events. Consequently, teachers should take a pause and examine what type of class they want to achieve and the consequences of the decisions taken for the fulfillment of it. In our daily lives, we perform intentional actions in order to achieve a result.
The philosophy of education is what influences how and what the students are taught. A lesson plan created on educational philosophies help the teacher or educator a clear path on where to guide the students and how the classroom session will take place. It is impossible to teach without a lesson plan, for it is the source of guide for the teacher. With the practice of lesson plans, teachers focus more on where to reach with a goal in mind, rather than straying away from the topic. With the help of lesson plans, teachers are more confidently able to organise time limit as well.
Classroom management is exactly what it sounds like, the way a classroom is managed or taken care of so that the students in said class do what they are supposed to and learn what they need in order to successfully go on into other subjects. In order for the students to not have a hard time and as well as the teacher the classroom is needed to be in an environment in which both parties have an understanding and respect for one another. The teacher needs to be in charge. Teachers are automatically in charge by default but when in charge they need to say something and have to say it more and one or two times. In a class with classroom management that is something very important.
IMPROVEMENT OF DISCIPLINE IN THE CLASS HELPS IN IMPROVING LEARNERS PERFORMANCE INTRODUCTION This is a reports on how teachers or either circuit or district can be advised on effective way of improving class discipline and learner performance .This aims cannot be achieved if student are experiencing difficulties in handling the subject matter and student are battling to cope. The reports is based on impacts of discipline and learners performance ,motivation , lack of self-discipline ,placement of young people need to be designed opportunities for learning new skills and create new adventures and establish their own enterprises. Placement of discipline and education, analysis of the problem, how to developed discipline and structures in the school
As a teacher you must learn to use proven techniques and strategies to make learning more enjoyable and meaningful in the class. Dewey further stressed that teaching-learning process should center on the children's need and interest. Hawkins as cited in Mao Tse Tung principles (2001) that, instead of daily lectures, Mao urged university professors to have their lecture notes printed and distributed before class to allow class time for discussion and further clarification. The role of the teacher was to recognize and prepare materials on a given subject and to allow student to learn more at their own